08,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

08,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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The Michel test case:
1.The extradition to India of British businessman Christian Michel, alleged to be the middleman in the AgustaWestland helicopters case who bribed officials to secure the deal, is a diplomatic success for a number of reasons.
2.Thus the Central Bureau of Investigation, which has received custody of Mr. Michel for five days from a special court, must take pains to adhere to internationally accepted norms of interrogation, lest it gives other fugitives fuel to oppose pleas for their extradition to India.
3.The U.K. has also taken up strenuously its request for consular access to Mr. Michel, and New Delhi’s record in fulfilling its diplomatic obligations may impact high-profile cases in U.K. courts, including Vijay Mallya’s and Nirav Modi’s.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/the-michel-test-case/article25692834.ece

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Uneasy truce:
1.Huawei at this moment has been accused of breaching American sanctions against Iran, but U.S. lawmakers have also been concerned about the Chinese government using the company to carry out spying operations on foreign soil.
2.Last year, it is worth noting, Chinese telecom giant ZTE reached a settlement with the U.S. government over charges of exporting banned items to Iran.
3.It is hard to determine whether the present U.S. action against the Huawei official is based on legitimate concerns about national security or if the U.S. has simply attacked China on yet another front in the ongoing trade war.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/uneasy-truce/article25692836.ece

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Shielding witnesses: on protection scheme:
1.Pending legislation by Parliament, the Supreme Court has asked States to implement a scheme framed by the Centre to protect witnesses in criminal trials from threat, intimidation and undue influence.
2.The tardy judicial process seldom takes into account the distance they have travelled or the time they have lost in attending court, only to be told they have to return another day.
3.The Centre deserves credit for coming forward to suggest that its draft witness protection scheme be introduced by judicial mandate instead of waiting for formal legislation.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/shielding-witnesses/article25682716.ece

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Quick retreat: on French protests:
1.French President Emmanuel Macron’s reforms programme could be at risk of losing steam in the wake of weeks of violent countrywide protests triggered by a proposed increase in the fuel tax.
2.But on Wednesday the government cancelled the tax proposal altogether, arguing that a levy that was meant to induce motorists to go green was not worth the price if it undermined social cohesion.
3.But the accompanying flat tax rate on capital gains and dividends, besides limits on trade unions to negotiate wages, only served to reinforce Mr. Macron’s image as a President of the rich.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/quick-retreat/article25682717.ece

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End this long trauma:
1.It is only in independent India that the need was felt to shift the collective burden of criminality to the individual, which led to the CTA being repealed and the Habitual Offenders Act (HOA) being enacted in various States.
2.To address these issues, the first National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-nomadic Tribes (NCDNT) was constituted in 2003, and reconstituted two years later under the chairpersonship of Balkrishna Renke, which submitted its report in 2008.
3.However, denied funding by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in fulfilling its mandate of carrying out survey and field validation work, the Idate Commission Report lacks the scientific data necessary to introduce reforms to address the plight of DNTs.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/end-this-long-trauma/article25692853.ece

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A relationship under stress:
1.The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has reportedly concluded that Mohammed bin Salman, the Saudi Arabian Crown Prince, personally ordered the killing of Jamal Khashoggi.
2.While the strategic potential of the partnership has been shrinking, the U.S. has come under greater scrutiny, especially in the post-9/11 world, for its support for Saudi Arabia, the Wahhabi kingdom that stands opposed to everything the U.S. preaches on global stages — from democracy and respecting human rights to religious freedom and independent media.
3.He retained the fundamental elements of the partnership, including trade and economic ties, arms sales and security guarantees, while refusing to act in Syria on the Saudis’ behalf and moving further ahead to strike a nuclear deal with Iran.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-relationship-under-stress/article25682713.ece

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Is social media polarising society?:
1.As we approach the end of the second decade of this century, social media and the Internet have drifted from their promise of closing distances and exposing us to the views of those who existed beyond our personal networks.
2.While the democratisation of discourse that social media has brought about is undeniable and most welcome, we are getting trapped in narrower world views that are seeping into not only voter behaviour but everyday personal interactions.
3.I view social media as comprising multilingual, multicultural and multimedia platforms that are inclusive and allow equal opportunities for all, irrespective of class, creed, race, religion, sex, age or financial resources.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/is-social-media-polarising-society/article25682726.ece

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what is asymmetric warfare in military?:
1.Also known as asymmetric engagement, this refers to a form of unconventional warfare where there is a significant difference in the powers of the warring sides.
2.The term is generally used to refer to conflicts between the armed forces of large nation-states and significantly smaller insurgent groups that possess relatively little firepower.
3.Insurgent groups which cannot match the power of larger armies generally try to employ guerrilla tactics to frustrate and cause significant damage to their adversaries rather than try to completely eliminate them.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-asymmetric-warfare-in-military/article25682672.ece

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Food for thought: 46 million stunted children in India:
1.Districts in central and northern India have the highest number of stunted children.
2.In Bahraich district in Uttar Pradesh, 65.1% of the children are stunted, the highest in the country.
3.A comparison with the Multidimensional Poverty Index (right) shows that many of the poorest districts also have the highest prevalence of stunting.
www.thehindu.com/data/data-point-food-for-thought/article25682745.ece

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Voices of dissent:
1.Problems for the Badals began with the fallout of the tabling of the report of the Justice Ranjit Singh Commission, set up to investigate the sacrilege of the Guru Granth Sahib in October 2015, as well as the killing of two people during a firing against peaceful protesters in Behbal Kalan.
2.Resentment against the domination of Sukhbir Singh Badal and Bikramjit Majithia, president of the youth wing of SAD, has been growing with senior leaders feeling sidelined in the party.
3.This time, not only have Hindu groups backed protests against the sacrilege of the Guru Granth Sahib, but even the SAD’s ally, the BJP, realising the increasing resentment against the Badals, has suitably distanced itself from the issue.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/voices-of-dissent/article25682722.ece

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An invitation to corruption?:
1.“There are many grey areas in this because when there is no ceiling on party expenditure and the EC (Election Commission) cannot monitor it, how can you be sure that what is coming in is not black money as there is a secrecy of the donor,” Mr. Rawat told The Economic Times in an interview last week.
2.In its present form, the scheme permits not only individuals and body corporates, but also “every artificial juridical person,” to purchase bonds, issued by the State Bank of India, in denominations of ₹1,000, ₹10,000, ₹lakh, ₹10 lakh and ₹1 crore, during specified periods of the year.
3.The court was conscious that, given the circumscriptions of the law, it could scarcely deny, in the case before it, permission sought by Tata Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. to amend its memorandum of association, to allow the company to make contributions to different political interests.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/an-invitation-to-corruption/article25692841.ece

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A relationship under stress:
1.The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has reportedly concluded that Mohammed bin Salman, the Saudi Arabian Crown Prince, personally ordered the killing of Jamal Khashoggi.
2.While the strategic potential of the partnership has been shrinking, the U.S. has come under greater scrutiny, especially in the post-9/11 world, for its support for Saudi Arabia, the Wahhabi kingdom that stands opposed to everything the U.S. preaches on global stages — from democracy and respecting human rights to religious freedom and independent media.
3.He retained the fundamental elements of the partnership, including trade and economic ties, arms sales and security guarantees, while refusing to act in Syria on the Saudis’ behalf and moving further ahead to strike a nuclear deal with Iran.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-relationship-under-stress/article25682713.ece

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Still on the last chance saloon:
1.In the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), planned ahead of the Paris COP-21, each country described the actions it would take and the levels to which greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would be reduced (mitigation).
2.According to a recent discussion paper from the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, what is required is credible, accurate and verifiable numbers on the climate flows expected from developed countries.
3.The ethical foundations of the climate change fights on the global stage are based largely on the occupation of atmospheric carbon space by rich countries, leaving little room for growth by the latecomers, which are poor nations.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/still-on-the-last-chance-saloon/article25682710.ece

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Candour of Krishnamurthy Subramanian: Inside the mind of the new CEA:
1.Subramanian has defended demonetisation, praised BJP’s record in crime control, attacked dynastic policies and appreciated Raghuram Rajan’s contribution as RBI governor.
2.Therefore, the weekly earnings of the bottom half of India’s income earners provide us the estimate of the cash that the poor would have in their kitty, which they would have to exchange in a nearby bank or post office.
3.Comparing Gandhi dynasty governments with non-dynasty ones such as that of PV Narsimha Rao, Subramanian wrote, “After analysing a plethora of economic indicators, we discovered that the elephant in the room relates to subsidies.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/candour-of-krishnamurthy-subramanian-inside-the-mind-of-the-new-cea/articleshow/66998469.cms

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CBDT may scan companies’ outbound investments:
1.Speaking to TOI on the sidelines of this conference, Ranjan elaborated that aggressive tax planning, which results in parking of funds — such as by way of royalty payment to related entities in tax-favourable jurisdictions — is one of the issues that could be examined.
2.India has in place an equalisation levy, which is imposed at 6% on B2B advertisements, where payments made by the Indian entity to a foreign company exceeds Rs 1 lakh in a year.
3.India’s long-standing position in international tax discussions is that the value of digital business is also created by the purchasing power of the market where the goods and services are consumed.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/cbdt-may-scan-companies-outbound-investments/articleshow/66997943.cms

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Air force golden jubilee institute hosts 33rd annual athletic meet:
1.Air Force Golden Jubilee Institute, Subroto Park celebrated its 33 rd Annual Athletic Meet on 8 th December 2018.
2.The students also had an interactive session with Ms Sonia Chahal wherein they asked questions ranging from boxing, health, fitness to her life’s mantra.
3.This Annual Athletic Meet gave the students an opportunity to prove their sporting abilities and win laurels.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=186208

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Tourism Ministry formulates Guidelines for approval of Online Travel Aggregators; Guidelines to be rolled out by December end this year:
1.These guidelines for approval /re-approval ofOTA’s have been devised to ensure that there are adequate safeguards against deficiency of service, alternate arrangements if needed and punitive deterrence.
2.The scheme is expected to set standards towards accreditation and add value to the dependability and reliability to the aggregators in the online space operating in the organized tourism sector.
3.The re-approval, thereafter, shall be granted for five years after inspection conducted by a Committee of the same constitution, based upon an application, complete and free from all deficiencies, made by OTA along with the requisite fee / documents on the online platform, at least a clear 6 months prior to the expiry of the previous approval.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=186207

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