28,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

28,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Snooping or saving?:
1.The latter category evokes doubt whether they violate their freedom of expression (as enforcement of such rules may involve blocking websites, disabling accounts, removing content and intercepting communication), and amount to surveillance that breaches privacy.
2.The government has sought feedback from social media and technology companies, but it appears that even services that bank on end-to-end encryption may be asked to open up a backdoor to identify ‘originators’ of offending material.
3.There is justified concern that attempts are on to expand the scope for surveillance at a time when the government must be looking at ways to implement the Supreme Court’s landmark decision holding that privacy is a fundamental right.

Battle for Dhaka:
1.The Bangladesh Nationalist Party, the main constituent of the Opposition Jatiya Oikya Front, claims that 9,200 of its activists have been arrested since the election schedule was announced.
2.While the Sheikh Hasina government takes credit for this as well as its tough stand on Islamist militancy, it faces criticism for its authoritarian turn.
3.The passing of the Digital Security Bill and the crackdown on student protests in Dhaka drew flak even from Awami League supporters.

Are India’s laws on surveillance a threat to privacy?:
1.Over the past decade, we have been witness to many legal, juridical and executive interventions that comprise the highly contentious terrain of surveillance in digital times — from the amendment to Section 69 of the IT Act in 2008 that expanded the government’s powers of interception, to the recent Supreme Court order directing the Central government to frame guidelines for social media intermediaries to address sexually abusive content.
2.The Government of India has claimed that social media has brought new challenges for law enforcement agencies, including inducement for recruitment of terrorists, circulation of obscene content, spread of disharmony, and incitement to violence.
3.However, as critics have held, the overly broad contours of the proposed amendment to the Intermediary Rules confer unchecked powers on the executive, reminiscent of the arbitrariness that led to the famous Shreya Singhal case (2015).

What is Snackwell effect Psychology:
1.In reality, however, many dieters may be consuming a lot more calories during the day by over consuming low-calorie food than they would if they simply stuck to a normal diet that includes high-calorie food.
2.It is named after the American food brand SnackWell’s, which is popular for its low-calorie, fat-free cookies that are considered to be healthy.
3.The Snackwell effect has been used to explain the increase in obesity levels despite the rising popularity of healthy food choices.

Trolls are still winning:
1.The study, based on crowd-sourced research from over 6,500 volunteers in 150 countries, constitutes data-based evidence of the lack of effective deterrence on Twitter against abuse of vulnerable groups in general and women in particular.
2.If that is indeed the case, it should heed Amnesty’s recommendation to share with the public the raw data on its content moderation and rule enforcement processes, so that users can see for themselves the chain of actions, if any, set off by their complaints.
3.That is the least it can do to reassure the public that their complaints are taken seriously, and that the platform is doing its best to offer a safe space for women and vulnerable groups.

The optics of the Third Front:
1.They managed to tie the process of deepening caste representation to a militant Hindu identity, and the emergence of an aspirational generation beyond the pale of patronage to a corrosive neoliberal corporatisation.
2.One such strategy has been to forge unlikely alliances in order to garner a numerical majority, including the BJP’s now unravelled pact with the Peoples Democratic Party in Jammu and Kashmir, the coalition with Nitish Kumar’s Janata Dal (United) in Bihar, and various understandings across the Northeast.
3.As part of the theatrics of this emergent strategy, the BJP-RSS continue to remind the electorate of the Telangana of the past, including the autocratic rule of the Nizam culminating with the violence unleashed by the Razakars, while the AIMIM mobilises support by playing on memories of glory days of the Hyderabad princely state.

India needs ‘individual acts of bravery’:
1.Persons with a liberal bent of mind, who prize individual freedoms like free speech, gender and racial equality, are especially troubled, for our country appears to be at a juncture where fundamental notions of modern India are under existential threat.
2.Take the politics of Rajiv Gandhi, for instance, often touted as a “secular” Prime Minister: his government not only overturned the Shah Bano judgment, but also banned Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses and had the locks of the Babri mosque in Ayodhya opened to Hindus.
3.Even as the Constitution was being written, even as the leaders of the independence movement were negotiating for our freedom, Hindutva forces present at the time — the days of the advent of the Hindu Mahasabha, of Veer Savarkar and B.S.

Suresh Prabhu seeks more funds from FinMin to increase incentives on onion exports:
1.NEW DELHI: The commerce department has sought additional Rs 180 crore to increase export incentives for fresh onions and also extend the existing sops beyond January 12, 2019 to pacify farmers who have complained of not getting sufficient price for their produce.
2.The department has asked for additional allocation so that MEIS reward of 10% can be provided for exports of fresh onions upto June 30, 2019 in the wake of representations made by the Maharashtra government, commerce and industry minister Suresh Prabhu wrote to his finance counterpart.
3.Prabhu had in October written to finance minister Arun Jaitley seeking extra outlay of Rs 1,500 crore under the MEIS to fulfil the government’s commitment of doubling farmers’ income and promote exports of agricultural products.

Centre mulls zero interest on timely crop loan repayment as new year gift:
1.According to sources, several rounds of meetings have taken place at the highest level in the last few days to chalk out a plan to address difficulties faced by farmers in view of low realisation in several crops amid bumper production.
2.To provide immediate relief, one of the proposals being studied is to waive 4 per cent interest rate on farmers repaying farm loan promptly within the due date.
3.According to sources, farmers are paying currently about Rs 5,000 crore as insurance premium to cover their kharif and rabi crops.

Sail commemorates 60 Years of Steel Production:
1.The first furnace of Rourkela Steel Plant began functioning in 1959 setting the foundation for building India’s economic development.
2.Chaudhary Birender Singh said times are changing and SAIL must keep pace with the new and fast growing steel companies.
3.Minister of State for Steel, Vishnu Deo Sai expressed hope that with its continued hard work, SAIL will be able to fulfill the right expectations of the country in future too.

Government is taking several measures to deal with cyber crimes against women:
1.The Empowered Committee constitutedunder the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development has already approved the project “Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC)” of Ministry of Home Affairs.
2.Further, the Government of India has developed Cyber Crime Reporting Portal under the project of CCPWC for addressing the complaints of online harassment of women.
3.This was stated by Minister of State for Women and Child Development, Dr Virendra Kumar in a written reply to a question in Parliament today.

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