30,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

30,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

The most read-editorials of The Hindu in 2018:
1.The Hindu published this editorial on September 24, three days after former French President Hollande claimed that the Indian government suggested industrialist Anil Ambani’s company as the offset partner for the €7.87-billion deal.
2.During the Monsoon Session of Parliament, the Centre brought a Bill to amend the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act as several Dalit groups across the country were angered by its “dilution” due to safeguards introduced by the Supreme Court.
3.The editorial highlighted the obvious fact that was not mentioned in the NITI Aayog report — the States with a record of investment in literacy, nutrition and primary healthcare have achieved high scores.

A law that defeats its purpose:
1.The Bill needs to state explicitly that no medical or mental health examination will be required and applicants will simply need to submit an affidavit attesting the request for a change of gender identity.
2.Debates on the Bill have always included the demand for reservations for transgender and intersex persons in educational institutions and in public employment as they are seen to be crucial for their social inclusion.
3.Equality would demand that in order for the trans and intersex community to get access to their basic social rights, there should be horizontal reservation in education and employment provided to them.

Are India’s laws on surveillance a threat to privacy?:
1.Over the past decade, we have been witness to many legal, juridical and executive interventions that comprise the highly contentious terrain of surveillance in digital times — from the amendment to Section 69 of the IT Act in 2008 that expanded the government’s powers of interception, to the recent Supreme Court order directing the Central government to frame guidelines for social media intermediaries to address sexually abusive content.
2.The Government of India has claimed that social media has brought new challenges for law enforcement agencies, including inducement for recruitment of terrorists, circulation of obscene content, spread of disharmony, and incitement to violence.
3.However, as critics have held, the overly broad contours of the proposed amendment to the Intermediary Rules confer unchecked powers on the executive, reminiscent of the arbitrariness that led to the famous Shreya Singhal case (2015).

Trolls are still winning:
1.The study, based on crowd-sourced research from over 6,500 volunteers in 150 countries, constitutes data-based evidence of the lack of effective deterrence on Twitter against abuse of vulnerable groups in general and women in particular.
2.If that is indeed the case, it should heed Amnesty’s recommendation to share with the public the raw data on its content moderation and rule enforcement processes, so that users can see for themselves the chain of actions, if any, set off by their complaints.
3.That is the least it can do to reassure the public that their complaints are taken seriously, and that the platform is doing its best to offer a safe space for women and vulnerable groups.

The optics of the Third Front:
1.They managed to tie the process of deepening caste representation to a militant Hindu identity, and the emergence of an aspirational generation beyond the pale of patronage to a corrosive neoliberal corporatisation.
2.One such strategy has been to forge unlikely alliances in order to garner a numerical majority, including the BJP’s now unravelled pact with the Peoples Democratic Party in Jammu and Kashmir, the coalition with Nitish Kumar’s Janata Dal (United) in Bihar, and various understandings across the Northeast.
3.As part of the theatrics of this emergent strategy, the BJP-RSS continue to remind the electorate of the Telangana of the past, including the autocratic rule of the Nizam culminating with the violence unleashed by the Razakars, while the AIMIM mobilises support by playing on memories of glory days of the Hyderabad princely state.

What is Snackwell effect in Psychology?:
1.In reality, however, many dieters may be consuming a lot more calories during the day by over consuming low-calorie food than they would if they simply stuck to a normal diet that includes high-calorie food.
2.It is named after the American food brand SnackWell’s, which is popular for its low-calorie, fat-free cookies that are considered to be healthy.
3.The Snackwell effect has been used to explain the increase in obesity levels despite the rising popularity of healthy food choices.

Gandhi and the audacity of hope:
1.It surfaced this year in the murder of Saudi Arabian dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi on Mahatma Gandhi’s 149th birth anniversary, i.e. October 2.
2.The term evokes an image of a village that has reincarnated in a city, but the huts, or jhuggis, are made of recycled tin and plastic, not wood and dry grass.
3.This little book portrays the omnipresent culture of violence that propels the pursuit of material prosperity at the expense of human bonds and dignity.

India needs ‘individual acts of bravery’:
1.Persons with a liberal bent of mind, who prize individual freedoms like free speech, gender and racial equality, are especially troubled, for our country appears to be at a juncture where fundamental notions of modern India are under existential threat.
2.Take the politics of Rajiv Gandhi, for instance, often touted as a “secular” Prime Minister: his government not only overturned the Shah Bano judgment, but also banned Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses and had the locks of the Babri mosque in Ayodhya opened to Hindus.
3.Even as the Constitution was being written, even as the leaders of the independence movement were negotiating for our freedom, Hindutva forces present at the time — the days of the advent of the Hindu Mahasabha, of Veer Savarkar and B.S.

Govt proposes to invest Rs 1,227 cr through EDF to push IPR in electronics:
1.When contacted about status of EDF, a Meity official said the govt has so far approved investment in 13 daughter funds.
2.According to information updated on Ministry of Electronics and IT, the total corpus recommended to be invested by 22 daughter fund in technology firms is around Rs 10,906 crore, in which government has proposed to contribute Rs 1,227 crore, subject to final approval of the EDF board.
3.When contacted about status of EDF, a Meity official said the government has so far approved investment in 13 daughter funds.

India’s robust economic growth to continue in 2019: CII:
1.The positive outlook is buttressed by strong drivers emanating from services sector and better demand conditions arising out of poll spend, with the general elections slated next year, according to the chamber.
2.Among key growth drivers, CII hopes the GST Council will consider extending the tax to currently exempted sectors such as fuel, real estate, electricity and alcohol.
3.Besides, the process of insolvency resolution has taken shape, the chamber feels the government should consider setting up additional benches of the National Company Law Tribunal to strengthen the judicial infrastructure for easier and faster exit of distressed businesses.

Text of PM’s speech at a public meeting at Car Nicobar

1.साथियो, सुरक्षा के साथ-साथ कार निकोबार में विकास की पंचधारा बहे- बच्‍चों को पढ़ाई, युवाओं को कमाई, बुजुर्गों को दवाई, किसानों को सिंचाई और जन-जन की सुनवाई; ये सभी सुविधाएं मिलें, इसके लिए भी काम किया जा रहा है। मुझे एहसास है कि यहां के युवा साथियों को शिक्षा के लिए, ट्रेनिंग के लिए दूर-दूर तक जाना पड़ता था। अब Arong गांव में industrial training institute यानी ITIबनने से आप सभी युवा साथियों को बहुत लाभ होने वाला है। यहां से अब कार निकोबार के युवा electrician, plumber, automotive technician बन करके निकलेंगे और देशभर में कहीं पर भी रोजगार के लिए समर्थ होंगे।
2.भाइयो और बहनों, देश की जरूरतों को ध्‍यान में रखते हुए यहां Trans-shipment Port की आधारशिला आज रखी गई है। इस परियोजना से खाड़ी के दक्षिणी हिस्‍से में नए उद्यमों के लिए अवसर बनेंगे।
3.भाइयो और बहनों, आने वाले समय में यहां हवाई सेवाओं की बेहतर connectivity की तरफ भी सरकार काम कर रही है। सरकार आप सभी के जीवन स्‍तर को ऊपर उठाने, आपका जीवन आसान करने के लिए प्रयासरत है।

Prime Minister Narendra Modi to inaugurate 106th Indian Science Congress (ISC)-2019 on 3rd January in Jalandhar, Punjab.:
1.During the five day long congress, around 100 plus conferences and events of scientific and technology origin will also be held, where eminent personalities from DRDO, ISRO, DST, AIIMS, UGC, AICTE, and many elite universities of the USA, UK, India and other countries will participate.
2.“Government’s aim is to deliver the benefits of Science & Technology to the last man in the society and scientists being a pivot should put their heart and soul into finding new solutions to the problems facing the nation and improve the quality of life of common man.”, said Dr. Harsh Vardhan in his message.
3.General President, Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) Dr Manoj Kumar Chakrabarti believes that 106th session of ISC will be a milestone for the future development of India since it is going to provide a great platform to exchange ideas and innovations among young minds.

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