31,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

31,December,18 Daily newspaper article’s summary

Summary of newspaper articles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

HIV reality check:
1.Since 2004, prior to donation, all blood banks are required to obtain from donors written consent as to whether they wish to be informed about a positive test result.
2.Since only half of the consented donors are contactable and even fewer visit a VCTC, it is imperative that NACO finds a viable alternative without compromising the donor’s identity.
3.After all, timely confirmation helps donors start on early treatment to keep the virus under check and take precautionary measures to reduce the risk of infecting their partners and others through sexual and other kinds of contact and through blood donation.

Mind the gap: on fiscal deficit:
1.While total expenditure growth, at 9.1% so far this year, has remained below the budget projection for a 10.1% increase, worryingly growth-inducing capital spending is set on an underwhelming trajectory.
2.Some of the expenditure plans it has committed to recently have either been factored in or will at most impact the margins — be it public sector bank recapitalisation or an increase in the quantum of incentives for the export of onions to reverse the slide in prices.
3.As the Reserve Bank never tires of cautioning, the onus is on the government to avoid further fiscal slippage as it could hurt the economy by crowding out vital private investment.

The most-read editorials of The Hindu in 2018:
1.The Hindu published this editorial on September 24, three days after former French President Hollande claimed that the Indian government suggested industrialist Anil Ambani’s company as the offset partner for the €7.87-billion deal.
2.During the Monsoon Session of Parliament, the Centre brought a Bill to amend the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act as several Dalit groups across the country were angered by its “dilution” due to safeguards introduced by the Supreme Court.
3.The editorial highlighted the obvious fact that was not mentioned in the NITI Aayog report — the States with a record of investment in literacy, nutrition and primary healthcare have achieved high scores.

Lifelines beyond farm loan waivers:
1.Rural agrarian distress is firmly at the centre of the national discourse today, triggered by the recent Assembly election results in the Hindi heartland as well as continuous farmer agitations in the past two years ( picture ).
2.The Bill, which has been developed by the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee, incorporates two key elements of reform: a functional institutional credit system which is accessible and accountable to all cultivators, and protection from debt trap in bad years.
3.This is critical because marginal and landless farmers are mostly excluded from institutional credit, thereby putting them at the mercy of predatory lending by moneylenders and input dealers.

The travails of the modern icon:
1.In fact, it is interesting to consider the fate of four great modern Indian icons — Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Subhas Chandra Bose.
2.A Gandhian programme combined the political and the ethical, which Swachh Bharat Abhiyan does not — it is a mere act of governance, a spectacle which has still to encounter untouchability and the septic tank.
3.It became an example of gigantism, of the regime’s attempts to create spectacular monuments which seek to enter popular memory for their statistical prowess, their ability to make the Guinness World Records than to alter historical perception.

Farm woes to take centrestage as poll battle looms:
1.NEW DELHI: The agriculture sector, which remained in distress during 2018 as crop prices slumped due to bumper production, will be in spotlight in the new year as the BJP-ruled central government is set to roll out a big package to assuage the angry farming community ahead of the general elections.
2.The proposals being considered range from waiving off interest for farmers who repay crop loans on time to lowering the insurance premium and providing income support for meeting input costs, according to sources.
3.In fact, farmers’ financial crisis deepened during 2018 as an all-time high production of foodgrains at nearly 285 million tonnes and bumper output of oilseed, sugarcane, cotton as well as horticulture crops led to a decline in market prices.

Modi is said to plan cash handout for India farmers before vote:
1.By Vrishti Beniwal and Pratik Parija Prime Minister Narendra Modi is studying three options, including a cash handout for farmers, people with knowledge of the matter said, as his administration seeks to ease an agrarian distress and shore up popular support ahead of next year’s general election.
2.The plan for the handout comes soon after the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party was voted out in key state elections this month, forcing Modi to draw up a course correction before federal polls due by May.
3.Distress Sales In July, the government raised support prices of crops such as cotton, soybeans and paddy rice to ensure farmers get at least 50 percent more than the estimated production costs.

13 centrally assisted State Food Craft Institutes are currently functional in the country: Shri K J Alphons:
1.Setting up of a new Food Craft Institute at Deoghar in Jharkhand was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India in 2017-18.
2.No proposal to start the teaching session at Food Craft Institute, Deogarh has been received from the State Government of Jharkhand.
3.This information was given by Shri K. J. Alphons, Union Minister of State (I/C) for Tourism in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

Nearly 5 lakhs Foreign Tourist Arrivals for Medical Tourism in 2017: Tourism Minister:
1.The major source countries from where foreign tourists arrived in India on medical purpose are given below:
2.Major five source countries from where foreign tourists arrived in India for medical purpose:
3.This information was given by Shri K. J. Alphons, Union Minister of State (I/C) for Tourism in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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