Daily Five Apr 28 2017

Daily Five Apr 28 2017

#prelims_q
1. Which of the following is a federal feature of
the government?

(a) Written constitution
(b) All India Services
(c) Integrated Judiciary
(d) Single Citizenship

2. As per constitution, Tax on agriculture income can be imposed by
a. State government
b. Union government
c. Both
d. No one can impose tax on agriculture income
[In news]

3. Ganita sarasangraha is written by
a. Aryabhatta
b. Bhaskaracharya
c. Mahavira
d. Kanada

4.  Which of the following organizations/newspapers is/are associated with Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle in South Africa?

1. Indian Natal Organization

2. Indian Opinion

3. Passive Resistance Organization

4. The Indian League

5. Indian Mirror

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 5 only

(c) 2, 4 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

5. Which of the following events influenced formation of All India Muslim League?

1. Swadeshi Movement.

2. Morley’s Budget speech of 1906.

3. The Hindi-Urdu language controversy.

4. Formation of Hindu Mahasabha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2 and 4


Answers:
1. A
The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows:
Written Constitution: …
Supremacy of the Constitution: …
Rigid Constitution: …
Division of Powers: …
Independent Judiciary

2. A
As per the Constitutional Allocation of Powers, the Central Government has no jurisdiction to impose tax on agricultural income,” he said.In the Constitution, agriculture falls in the State List at No 14 while the Centre is specifically barred from levying any tax on the agricultural income as per item No 82 in the Union List which reds “Taxes on income other than agricultural income.”
http://www.freepressjournal.in/business/no-powers-to-impose-tax-on-farm-income-says-finance-minister/1058350

3. C

Q.4 :a

  • Indian Natal Organisation was formed in 1893 by Mahatma Gandhi to infuse a strong sense of solidarity into the Indian communtiy of Natal against the proposed bill of the Natal government to disfranchise Indians.
  • Indian opinion was a weekly newspaper started in 1903, which became a mouthpiece of Gandhi’s struggle in South Africa.
  • Passive Resistance organisation was setup in 1907 to protest against the Asiatic Bill passed by the Transvaal legislatrue. It urged people to boycott permit offices.
  • The Indian League was started in 1875 by Sisir Kumar Ghosh with the object of stimulating the sense of nationalism amongst the people and of encouraging political education. It was not associated with Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle in South Africa.
  • Indian Mirror was an english paper founded by Devendranath Tagore, at Calcutta in 1862.

5. a

All Indian Muslim League political party was founded in 1906. And In April 1915, Sarvadeshak (All India) Hindu Mahasabha was formed as an umbrella organization of regional Hindu Sabha’s, at the Kumbh Mela in Haridwar. Hence, statement 4 is wrong.

  • The Hindi Urdu controversy: In the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh), petitions to the offices and the courts were submitted only in Urdu. as it was the court language. The Hindus for long demanded a change in this procedure. Finally on 8 April, 1900, the government gave instructions that petitions written in Hindi in the Devanagri script would also be accepted. The Muslims resented this directive and called for protest meetings all over the Province. The Hindus held counter meetings and the controversy continued for months, as the rift between the communities widened.
  • Partition of Bengal and Swadeshi movement: The social separation of the two communities was furthur politicised by the Swadeshi leaders freely using Hindu religions symbols and coercing Muslims peasants to obsrve boycott. They unwittingly allowed the movement to grow into the Hindu- Muslim question; instead of having a secular approach to the political issue. Not all the Muslims were separatists or loyalists at the begining; but the Swadeshi movement soon put on then the unmistakable stamp of otherness.
  • Morley’s Budget speech, 1906: Morley’s speech of 1906 indicated that representative government was going to be introduced in India. This alarmed Muslim leaders across the board, as they thought that in the new self-governing bodies they would be swayed by the Hindu majority who were now well organised under the Congress. This provided the context for the Simla deputation of 1 October 1906 to the Governor General Lord Minto.

 

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