Daily Five May 16 2017
All the below notes will also be updated in the ARISE IAS RAG List for systematic revision.
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1. Which of the following constitutional provisions helped to enact National Green Tribunal (NGT) Act, 2010 by the Parliament
1. Fundamental rights
2. Directive Principles of State Policy
3. Fundamental duty
Choose the right option
a. 2 and 3
b. Only 3
c. Only 2
2. Which tiger reserve has become the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot — Bhoorsingh the Barasingha
3. Complying with Bharat Stage emission norms may require
1. change in fuel made by the oil companies
2. Modification by auto firms
3. Growing more trees on roadside
4. Compulsory emission testing
Choose the right option
c. only 2
d. 1 and 2
4. Animal Welfare Board of India is a
a. statutory advisory body
b. Non statutory government body
d. part of NITI aayog
5. Which of the following statements is/are correct
a. Light pollution is excessive and inappropriate artificial light.
b. Light pollution poses a serious threat in particular to nocturnal wildlife
The Indian Constitution mandates protection and improvement of environment and safeguards of forests and wildlife under Article 48A as Directive Principle of the State Policy and fundamental duties of the citizen under Article 51A. The Supreme Court of India has declared Right to Decent and Clean Environment as a Fundamental Right falling within ambit of Right to Life enshrined under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. The National Green Tribunal Act mandates that any person could enforce any legal right relating to environment or raise any substantial question relating thereto by instituting a civil case before the Tribunal.
Extra gyaan: This Tribunal is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, and instead, is guided by Principles of Natural Justice. It has power to regulate its own procedure for adjudication of civil disputes before it. The legislative mandate contained in Section 20 of the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 requires the Tribunal to apply the principles of Sustainable Development, the Precautionary Principle and the Polluter Pays Principle while passing any order or decision or award.
(Kanha Tiger Reserve)
According to a report of Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), the first emission norms were introduced in India in 1991 for petrol and 1992 for diesel vehicles. Each stage specifies a certain limit on the pollutants released, which is controlled by the type of fuel made by the oil companies and the upgradations and modifications made by the auto firms to their vehicles to control the pollutants released from the vehicle.
The Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws and promotes animal welfare in the country. Established in 1962 under Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (No. 59 of 1960), the Animal Welfare Board of India was started under the stewardship of Late Smt. Rukmini Devi Arundale, well known humanitarian. From ensuring that animal welfare laws in the country are diligently followed, to provide grants to Animal Welfare Organizations and advising the Government of India on animal welfare issues, the Board has been the face of the animal welfare movement in the country for the last 50 years
(Was in news because of jallikattu issue)
In disrupting ecosystems, light pollution poses a serious threat in particular to nocturnal wildlife, having negative impacts on plant and animal physiology. It can confuse the migratory patterns of animals, alter competitive interactions of animals, change predator-prey relations, and cause physiological harm. The rhythm of life is orchestrated by the natural diurnal patterns of light and dark; so disruption to these patterns impacts the ecological dynamics.
With respect to adverse health effects, many species, especially humans, are dependent on natural body cycles called circadian rhythms and the production of melatonin, which are regulated by light and dark (e.g., day and night). If humans are exposed to light while sleeping, melatonin production can be suppressed.