Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-19

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-19

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

A fishy matter: on the formaldehyde contamination of fish:
1.But its Food and Drugs Administration later said the levels in Goan samples were on a par with “naturally occurring” formaldehyde in marine fish.
2.The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has banned formaldehyde in fresh fish, while the International Agency for Research on Cancer labelled the chemical a carcinogen in 2004.
3.For one thing, fresh fish should not have preservatives, and the presence of formaldehyde points to unscrupulous vendors trying to pass off stale catch as recent.

Rocky summit: when Trump met Putin:
1.A summit between the leaders of the world’s strongest nuclear powers, which fought the Cold War for decades, is an opportunity to discuss areas of shared interest, find ways to dial down mutual tensions and work together to address global issues.
2.But well before Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin sat down for their first formal summit meeting, in Helsinki, there were concerns that it would be overshadowed by allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election .
3.But those methods have proved largely unsuccessful as Russia is now a far more ambitious foreign policy power with an enhanced presence in Eastern Europe and West Asia — even if its sanctions-hit economy is struggling.

What is ‘patriotic correctness’ in politics?:
1.Also known as Conservative correctness, this refers to the restriction of controversial speech or opinion on issues that are generally considered to be beyond question by the political right.
2.The term is usually used to describe the shutting down of criticism of national symbols like flags and anthems, policies like immigration and non-aggressive foreign policy, and modern attacks on traditional beliefs and principles.
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The Wuhan breakthrough:
1.Nepal “understands the spirit of Wuhan,” Shakti Bahadur Basnet, a Minister in Mr. Oli’s cabinet, told The Hindu during a recent visit to Beijing.
2.Others who accompanied Mr. Basnet, in off-the-record conversations, attributed the pronounced shift in Chinese policy to the “Trump factor” and alluded to the U.S.’s stepped-up campaign, especially on the technological front, to undermine China’s “rise”.
3.If the Nepal pilot project works, the ‘two plus one’ formula can become the template for the peaceful rise of South Asia, synergised by India and China as the twin engines of regional growth.

The narrative is still Lula:
1.A week ago, judges went back and forth over whether he could be released while he appealed a verdict on a corruption case known as Operation Car Wash. WhatsApp messages flashed across Brazil, the measure of the country’s polarisation evident in what was being said.
2.The elite, worried that they would be defeated once more if they waited till 2018, and impatient to rid themselves of a social democratic government, conjured up street protests and urged a legislative coup against Ms. Rousseff.
3.The economic elite were now given rights to exploit natural resources freely, ignore labour laws, and conduct financial transactions deleterious to the public exchequer.

Restoring faith in EVMs:
1.Seshan as CEC firmly established the EC as an independent authority by rigorously bringing in revolutionary reforms, the body has lost some sheen in the last few years.
2.The inept management of elections by the ECI, as seen in the December 2017 R.K. Nagar by-election in Chennai in which there was distribution of cash and in the seizure of fake electoral ID cards in the R.R.
3.EVMs have brought a certain structure that did not exist during the ballot paper days when a large number of invalid votes would often be higher than the margin of victory.

Explaining the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance:
1.A special Prevention of Money Laundering Act court on June 30 took cognisance of an application by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) under the Ordinance and issued summons to Vijay Mallya and others before it on August 27, 2018.
2.The ED on July 11 also moved a special court in Mumbai seeking ‘fugitive economic offender’ status for Nirav Modi and his uncle Mehul Choksi.
3.In keeping with the principle of ‘innocent until proven guilty’, the burden of proof for establishing that an individual is a fugitive economic offender or that certain property is part of the proceeds of a crime is on the Director appointed to file an application seeking fugitive economic offender status.

The tough road to academic excellence:
1.The increased funding will help the institutions with innovations or perhaps the ability to raise academic salaries to better compete internationally but will not permit fundamental changes.
2.The first few Indian Institutes of Technology were established in the 1950s, with the help of foreign partners, in order to quickly build top schools without having to deal with the entrenched bureaucracy of the traditional universities.
3.While the Reliance empire is the largest private business in India, the cost of creating a competitive world-class university is daunting especially when starting from scratch.

Getting the language count right:
1.From the 1940s, when its General Council decided to establish a Translation Bureau to years later, in 2008, when its Executive Board debated “Multilingualism in the Context of Education for All”, UNESCO has progressively developed its vision and deepened its understanding of global linguistic diversity.
2.In 1999/2000, it proclaimed and observed February 21 as International Mother Language Day, while in 2001 the ‘Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity’ accepted the principle of “Safeguarding the linguistic heritage of humanity and giving support to expression, creation and dissemination in the greatest possible number of languages.” In pursuit of these, UNESCO has launched a linguistic diversity network and supported research.
3.The Census, a massive exercise that consumes so much time and energy, needs to see how it can help in a greater inclusion of the marginal communities, how our intangible heritage can be preserved, and how India’s linguistic diversity can become an integral part of our national pride.

Decoding Trump’s attack on Europe:
1.U.S. President Donald Trump’s incendiary tour of Europe has justly generated extensive coverage for his disregard for diplomatic niceties and attacks on his allies, especially on German Chancellor Angela Merkel and British Prime Minister Theresa May , both of whom are facing stiff domestic opposition.
2.At the same time, the rationale for the NATO military alliance — to protect Western Europe from Soviet expansion and to tie Germany to its neighbours — has largely evaporated with the breakup of the USSR and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact.
3.Even in the case of the Ukraine, as Steven Cohen, emeritus professor of Russian studies at New York University, has argued, the crisis was precipitated in 2014 when the EU pressured the Ukrainian government to sign an agreement that would have disadvantaged Russia.

Biggest mobile-phone plant masks PM Modi’s ‘Make in India’ struggle:
1.The initiative is a worthwhile attempt to lure global businesses, analysts say, but it hasn’t been accompanied by enough meaningful changes to revive manufacturing or alter what is essentially a services-oriented economy.
2.He added “the world has become a lot more protectionist and is more keen to retain employment on its shores than exporting these to other countries.” Those capacities have done little to temper growth in imports of foreign-made goods.
3.Rising purchases of smartphones and TVs have made electronics India’s second-biggest import item after oil, and is pushing the nation’s trade deficit wider.

Growth is good: Acche din comes only on the back of brute economic growth and jobs:
1.GDP does not reflect the distribution of income, the value of government services, clean air, the work of subsistence farmers and those in the informal economy, which is a quarter of the world’s population.
2.But this is not true for a poor country, where brute growth has brought enormous benefits and negated the prophecy of the Left that markets would impoverish the working class.
3.Let’s stop adopting the latest international fashions unthinkingly, and remember that at our stage of development, consistent high economic growth, jobs and openness to the world economy are the main routes to prosperity.

PM interacts with beneficiaries of Rural Electrification and Saubhagya Schemes acrossthe country through video bridge:
1.The interaction covered the beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – ‘Saubhagya’ scheme, through video bridge.
2.He added that despite all the difficulties, a dedicated team of people worked hard to ensure that the dream of electrifying every village is achieved.
3.Prime Minister said that Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana has been started with the objective of electrifying each and every house in the country.

PMEGP Generated Over 11 Lakh Employments in Last Three Years:
1.This information was given by Minister of state for Micro,Smalland Medium Enterprises, Shri Giriraj Singh in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.
2.The scheme is meant to meet the need based support to the sick Khadi Institutions which have potential to attain normalcy.
3.In reply to another question, Shri Giriraj Singh stated that the new model Charkhas give good quality yarn and enhanced wages to the Khadi artisans due to increase of production capacity.

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