Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-23

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-23

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Sunlight and shadow: on amendments to the RTI Act:
1.As a law that empowers the citizen, the Right to Information Act, 2005 quickly struck root in a country saddled with the colonial legacy of secretive government.
2.If at all, the law needs to be amended only to bring about full compliance by government departments and agencies that receive substantial funding from the exchequer, and to extend its scope to more institutions that have an influence on official policy.
3.This is a narrow view, betraying an anxiety to tighten the hold of the administration on the Commissions, which even now get little official support to fill vacancies and improve efficiency.

Winning trust: on pre-2019 politics:
1.Neither the TDP, which moved the no-confidence motion, nor the Congress, the principal Opposition party, entertained the faintest hope of bringing down the Narendra Modi government a year before its term ends.
2.The TDP, for instance, wanted to use the vote to signal its clear break with the BJP as it prepares to fight the next election on the issue of the Centre’s refusal to give special category status to Andhra Pradesh.
3.Even the TDP does not appear to be on the side of the Congress, its traditional rival that remains a contender for power in Andhra Pradesh despite being considerably weakened after the bifurcation.

Anti-snake device?:
1.Ashleigh Wolfe of Curtin University, Western Australia, studied the effectiveness of snake deterrents, including two vibrating devices, and found them wanting.
2.“Snakes are often found in industrial areas, warehouses, and basking on the sides of roads where there are lots of very loud and constant vibrations,” she says.
3.The advice offered by conservationists and activists on how to reduce contact with snakes include carrying a torch at night and wearing footwear.

How Tamil Nadu changed after 1967:
1.Before stints at the Centre, including being Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2003-04, Mr. Narayan spent two decades in Tamil Nadu.
2.I remember that during my probation at the training academy in Mussoorie, multiple sessions were devoted to the importance of the role of the District Collector in ensuring coherent administration and planned development based on policies laid down hierarchically.
3.Ambrose initially found the change of having to deal with the new MLAs difficult, and mentioned several cases of attempts by newly elected politicians to take the law and administration in their own hands.

What is least effort principle in science?:
1.This refers to a scientific principle which states that the behaviour of humans follows the path of least resistance.
2.The principle was first proposed by American linguist George Kingsley Zipf in Human Behaviour and the Principle of Least Effort as a universal rule that applies to all kinds of behaviour.
3.Among other things, Zipf studied the frequency of the usage of various words in the English language to support his theory.

Pakistan’s top three contenders:
1.But as the country heads to elections on July 25, that statement has a caveat: relatively few books actually essay the current political scenario, while there are many up-to-date collections on India-Pakistan ties, the tortured U.S.-Pakistan relationship, and Pakistan’s serpent dance with terror.
2.Apart from salacious details of their marriage, the journalist draws a political portrait that would shock supporters: of a leader who is indisciplined about party work and careless about finances, a promiscuous man who is a drug and alcohol user, a non-practising Muslim, and one who may be used by Western intelligence agencies.
3.If Imran Khan is the “chosen one” of Pakistan’s military establishment, as is widely believed, it is hard to see just how the all-powerful army didn’t prevent the book’s release ahead of the elections.

Snake oil:
1.Ashleigh Wolfe of Curtin University, Western Australia, studied the effectiveness of snake deterrents, including two vibrating devices, and found them wanting.
2.“Snakes are often found in industrial areas, warehouses, and basking on the sides of roads where there are lots of very loud and constant vibrations,” she says.
3.The advice offered by conservationists and activists on how to reduce contact with snakes include carrying a torch at night and wearing footwear.

Dealing with the Taliban hand:
1.Rawalpindi correctly surmised that the longer it was able to play the game of running with the hare and hunting with the hounds, the less stomach the endlessly gullible Americans would have to continue sinking troops, money and shrinking political capital into another quagmire.
2.At the end of it, the Taliban and other Pakistani proxies, who have orchestrated a string of deadly attacks on Indian interests with a view to deter New Delhi, will have the run of what passes for a country; a nation that has not yet been built.
3.With strategic depth in Afghanistan that Pakistan has dreamt of becoming a reality, Islamabad will have more room to incubate and move around the various anti-India groupings, including those active in Kashmir, as was the case earlier, especially in Lōya Paktiā.

Meddlesome and more:
1.In Italy, Mark Wyatt, a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operative admitted that they “threw everything including the kitchen sink” to help the Christian Democrats come to power and prevent a Communist Party victory.
2.The current moral outrage in the U.S. of Russian meddling in elections stems also because since the end of the Cold War, mainstream broadcast media have largely balked at airing the viewpoints of foreign adversaries.
3.The indignation over Mr. Trump’s refusal to accept the assessments of U.S. intelligence agencies stems primarily because he is undermining a foreign policy consensus in Washington to muscle into the power vacuum in Central and West Asia created by the demise of the Soviet Union.

Indo-US bilateral trade set to grow:
1.KOCHI: The Indo- US bilateral trade has untapped potential to reach much more than the $125 billion achieved last year, according to Robert G Burgess, US consul general.
2.Kerala, he said, will benefit in the years to come with the expanding relations in trade and investment between the US and India.
3.Burgess pointed out the recent visit of chief minister and a team to the US to explore partnerships in the field of health research as a significant step in the direction.

‘Expenditure incurred on adverts by government depatments, PSUs increased in last 3 years’:
1.The DAVP (now BOC) is mandated to release advertisements for ministries and departments of the central government and its organisations, MoS for I&B Rajyavardhan Rathore said.
2.There has been an increase in the expenditure incurred on advertisements released through the Bureau of Outreach and Communication (BOC) for various government departments and public sector undertakings in the last three years, according to official data.
3.The BOC, under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, is the nodal agency of the government for release of advertisements by ministries and departments of the government and its organisations for the dissemination of information about policies, programmes and schemes.

Gujarat’s economic growth impressive but GST remains a challenge – Finance Commission:
1.Gujarat’s rapid progress in key macroeconomic parameters has been impressive and it has shown a lead to the overall economic development but GST remains one of the big challenges, said the Chairman Sh.
2.They urged the enhanced devolution by expanding the net divisible pool to remove the imbalance between revenue and expenditure responsibilities of the states, in general.
3.On 25 th July, it will visit Rajkot to see Aji-I reservoir, SAUNI Yojana Phase 2 and Integrated Command & Control Center (ICCC) under Smart City Project.

First Meeting of India-Bangladesh Joint Committee on Border HaatsHeld in Agartala:
1.The first meeting of the India-Bangladesh Joint Committee on Border Haats was held on 22-23 July 2018 inAgartala, Tripura.
2.The Joint Committee visited the Border Haat at Kamlasagar (Sipahijala District, Tripura) – Tarapur (Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh) on 22 July 2018, appreciated its vibrant functioning and noted the need for improvement of infrastructure.
3.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaMinistry of Commerce & Industry23-July-2018 18:28 IST

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