Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-28

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-28

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Up, up and away:
1.Heavyweight blue-chip stocks such as HDFC, Reliance Industries, ITC, Tata Consultancy Services and Infosys have contributed the most while many others have lagged behind.
2.Investors are now probably seeking safety in a few large-cap stocks that offer better quality of earnings compared to untested and riskier smaller companies.
3.The return of foreign institutional buying also suggests that investors may be betting on India over other emerging markets that have suffered more severely.

Outbreak of peace:
1.Ethiopia’s decision this month to implement an earlier peace agreement with neighbouring Eritrea brokered by the African Union brings hope, despite the problems that loom ahead.
2.The conflict gave the dictator a pretext to expand a large conscription programme, in the process enslaving thousands of young men and women and triggering a mass exodus to European countries.
3.The rapprochement is part of a string of democratic reforms he has unveiled — including lifting the state of emergency, releasing thousands of political prisoners, and removing some Opposition parties from the list of terrorist groups.

The Pakistan test:
1.The campaign for these federal and provincial elections in Pakistan has been called the “dirtiest” in its history, and the announcement of the results is already tainted by allegations of rigging and military interference.
2.In fact, the removal of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister last summer and later from the electoral arena over a conviction on corruption charges had given the impression that the dice were loaded in Mr. Khan’s favour.
3.His next set of challenges emerge from the region, where he will be expected to make good on promises made by Pakistan to Washington and Kabul to crack down on terror and bring the Taliban to the table for talks.

Tackling HIV:
1.A new report from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) bears good news for the global war against the syndrome.
2.The UNAIDS report points out that a country’s laws can legitimise stigma and give licence to the harassment of groups at the highest risk of HIV.
3.Studies show that fear of prosecution under such laws prevents homosexual men, drug-users and sex workers from seeking HIV screening and treatment.

And it will subside…:
1.Malayalam writer S. Hareesh has declared that he will stop serialising his novel Meesha (Moustache), in the Mathrubhumi weekly, with its third instalment.
2.In his letter to the publisher, he had spoken about several issues, the most significant of all being the “fringe groups misusing specific content of the novel to market unethical ideas.”
3.I can empathise more than anybody else with Mr. Hareesh and his current state of mind — given my own experience of having to cross several days filled with darkness and pain.

What is learned helplessness in psychology?:
1.This refers to a mental state where an organism refuses to undertake any evasive action to protect itself from a painful stimulus.
2.Learned helplessness occurs when an organism comes to believe that it cannot do anything within its means to stop the painful stimuli.
3.The term was coined by American psychologists Martin Seligman and Steven Maier who conducted experiments on dogs in the 1960s and 1970s to test their theory of clinical depression.

Keeping the past alive:
1.“You’re standing on a site where enslaved people were warehoused.” These words, written on the wall of the Legacy Museum in Montgomery, Alabama, welcome visitors to a large hall where pictures, short films and simulated images speak of the horrors of slavery in America.
2.The 11,000 sq ft museum, opened on April 26 by Montgomery’s Equal Justice Initiative (EJI), a non-profit organisation, leads the visitor through the history of slavery, and the lynching, segregation and mass incarceration of African-Americans.
3.Inside the memorial complex are 800 steel columns with photographs of lynched women hanging from trees and lamp poles, a chilling reminder of an era of racist terror.

New models for airport management:
1.The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority has been under tremendous pressure with an increase in the number of private operators entering the airline/airport sector.
2.For engaging private partners in infrastructure projects, several business models like predetermined tariff or tariff-based bidding have come into place.
3.The AERA Bill, importantly, seeks to update Section 13 of the 2008 Act in tune with the current business models and tariff system.

AI superpower or client nation?:
1.And it is fast squandering its great advantages of high IT capabilities and a big domestic market required for data harvesting.
2.The problem is that they are jostling for crumbs of IT/digital business when Indian policymakers should be aiming at the highest levels of new value chains that AI will create in every sector.
3.Amazon and Google both push their cloud services to try to become the default machine learning platforms, which they open source to fence in the largest number of clients and followers possible.

Has the Right to Information Act been weakened?:
1.So probing and effective are many of the questions that powerful vested interests try to threaten, bribe, cajole, browbeat, and when all else fails, kill the person seeking to expose their misdeeds.
2.At the centre of the discussion is the need to focus on reassessing the efficacy of the RTI on the substantive issues of providing information and enforcing the provisions of the Act, and the awareness of applicants and respondents through periodic seminars, workshops, etc.
3.For an informed citizenry, all stakeholders, including public-spirited individuals, youth organisations and NGOs should create awareness about the provisions of the Act so that the RTI mechanism can be strengthened to usher in a new era of transparency, accountability and good governance.

Time, modernity and the BJP:
1.Recently, I was ranting against the communalism of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) when a European friend of mine, a philosopher, observed that the categories of left and right were grossly overdrawn in India.
2.It is perpetually encouraging people to rectify history at every stage, where even murder becomes an act of rectification, for instance of Mohammad Akhlaq in Dadri in 2015 or Afrazul Khan in Rajsamand in 2017.
3.The BJP’s notion of time is like a Tussaud’s exhibit where it wants to reduce politics to a five-year time-frame with Vladimir Putin, Shinzo Abe, Donald Trump as perpetual players where Mr. Modi returns in celebratory triumph after visiting them.

Prime Minister Imran Khan:
1.Perhaps the biggest shock has been the rout of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in its perceived stronghold, Karachi, where again the PTI has made significant gains.
2.Pakistan’s demography — with a large proportion of young and first-time voters, called ‘youthias’, supporting the PTI — is also likely to have worked in Mr. Khan’s favour this time more than in 2013, given a considerably mauled PML(N).
3.It was reported in different newspapers at the beginning of this year that Ms. Wattoo met and told Mr. Khan that he would become Prime Minister only if he got married before January 5.

Seafood exports may shrink due to low shrimp prices:
1.KOCHI: Indian seafood exports may show lower growth this fiscal as shrimp prices continue to remain low and cautious farmers go slow on production.
2.Seafood exports had touched a record Rs 45,106 crore last year on the back of high prices and good production of shrimps.
3.Seafood exports had touched a record Rs 45,106 crore last year on the back of high prices and good production of shrimps.

Suresh Prabhu to chair second meeting of e-commerce think tank on July 30:
1.New Delhi: Commerce and industry minister Suresh Prabhu will chair the second meeting of the think-tank on e-commerce on July 30 as India moves ahead with its plan to bring out a comprehensive policy on various aspects of digital trade by this year.
2.Nine sub groups under the task force were formed to deal with issues including competition, regulation, data privacy, taxation and a host of technical subjects like localisation of servers and technology transfer.
3.Based on the recommendations of each subgroup that comprises industry and government representatives, it was proposed to create a special group to keep tabs on any violation of its foreign investment policy by online retail platforms besides widening the definition of ecommerce under the framework early this month.

PM condoles loss of lives due to a bus accident in Maharashtra:
1.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaPrime Minister’s Office28-July-2018 16:12 IST
2.PM condoles loss of lives due to a bus accident in Maharashtra The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has condoled the loss of lives due to a bus accident in Raigad district of Maharashtra.
3.“Pained by the loss of lives due to a bus accident in Maharashtra’s Raigad district.

Information Technology must focus on Agri-Business and Agri-Markets: Vice President:
1.He further said that the software engineers should think of ways to bridge the digital divide in the country and asked them to ensure that the skill deficit is addressed and rural youth should become active stakeholders in India’s inclusive growth endeavor.
2.The Vice President expressed concern over the increasing lifestyle diseases in youth, including those in the IT sector and said that it is not uncommon to hear about heart related and orthopedic problems.
3.In a bid to bridge the digital divide in the country, the Union Government has launched an ambitious BharatNet project to provide high-speed broadband services in rural areas by connecting over 2.5 lakh villages and benefit more than 200 million people.

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