Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-30
Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams
Now to compete: on Vodafone, idea merger:
1.So for the Vodafone Group’s Indian unit and Idea Cellular Ltd., which had in March 2017 announced an agreement to merge, last week’s approval of the proposed union by the Department of Telecommunications came not a day too soon.
2.The telecom regulator’s September decision to more than halve the fee that operators pay on cross-network calls has only added to their woes, resulting in a steep and continuing erosion in average revenues per user and margins.
3.The cost of bidding for fresh wireless spectrum is escalating steadily and mobile number portability has made it easier for customers to switch networks in case of dissatisfaction with service quality levels or pricing.
Layers of protection: on changes in anti-corruption law:
1.Moves to make changes in this law, aimed at combating corruption in government, were initiated during the UPA’s second term in office and largely centred on the misuse of one provision — Section 13 (1)d. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had criticised this section, under which public servants are culpable for securing a pecuniary advantage for another “without any public interest”, for ignoring a foundational principle of criminal law: mens rea .
2.Besides, it is more concise and restricts criminal misconduct to two offences: misappropriating or converting to one’s own use property entrusted to a public servant or is in his control, and amassing unexplained wealth.
3.When a prior sanction requirement exists in law for prosecution, it is incomprehensible that the legislature should create another layer of protection in the initial stage of a probe.
Under the grey skies:
1.The day Alexander Frater was born, in a small mission hospital in an island in the South West Pacific, “2.1 inches of rain fell in a space of seven hours and 12 minutes,” knocking flowers off trees and washing away top soil.
2.Boxer’s words “Monsoon Asia”, Kaplan said India, Pakistan, China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Oman, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Tanzania “will demographically and strategically be a hub of the twenty first century world”; a world “where the fight for democracy, energy independence, and religious freedom will be lost or won”.
3.As he wrote in his notes: “I do believe… that the land is demonstrably alive; that it doesn’t exist solely, or even incidentally, as a stage for the enactment of human history; that it is [itself] a protagonist.” Here rivers change course overnight, villages disappear in a flash — and the deluge during the monsoons usually has a hand in it.
God cannot be privatised:
1.A recent observation by the Chief Justice of India (CJI), Dipak Misra, while hearing the case relating to the ban on women aged 10 to 50 from entering the Sabarimala temple in Kerala, comes at an appropriate time, soon after the release of the contentious list of Institutions of Eminence by the government.
2.Interestingly, many issues relating to access to temples are also relevant to a debate on the excessive privatisation of education.
3.Although the final judgment has not yet been delivered, these observations are extremely important for a public discourse on this contentious topic.
Keeping friends close:
1.Unfortunately, India was unable to take full advantage of Iran’s new anti-Pakistan orientation despite repeated exhortations by the then Indian Ambassador to Tehran, Akbar Mirza Khaleeli, for several reasons.
2.First, New Delhi was worried that increasing closeness with Tehran could provoke adverse reactions from the U.S., especially after Iranian students held American embassy staff hostage for months.
3.Recently, India-Iran relations have improved considerably because of growing energy and trade dependency and greater recognition on both sides of the conjunction of strategic interests.
Climb the escalator of reason:
1.Earlier this year, BJP MP Subramanian Swamy moved, and then withdrew, a private member’s Bill in the Rajya Sabha for death penalty for cow slaughter, an act already disproportionately punishable by life imprisonment in Gujarat.
2.Justice Bhagwati, the lone dissenter in the Bachan Singh case (1980), which upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty, opined that the right to life could not tolerate an infringement without demonstrable rationality.
3.For India’s criminal justice system to climb the escalator of reason, our political and judicial leadership need to create and preserve a culture of the dispassionate study of the human costs and benefits of retribution, no matter how serious the shock to our conscience.
The umpire takes all:
1.In the 2008 election, Benazir Bhutto’s assassination (in December 2007) created a sympathy wave for the PPP but an accommodating President (and her husband) Asif Ali Zardari ensured that the Army remained in control of key policy matters.
2.His relations with the Army deteriorated from 2016 onwards with the ‘ Dawn leaks’ about a meeting where the Army’s flawed Afghan policy was held responsible for Pakistan’s international isolation and worsening law and order situation at home.
3.In his politics, Mr. Khan has been erratic — vowing to fight corruption, seeking to embrace the Taliban, adopting a nationalist anti-U.S. stance, criticising the Army for its dealings with the U.S. while staying on its right side, cultivating a pious image together with a personal lifestyle that is in sharp contrast.
Task force set up to identify items, policy action to cut imports: Government:
1.In a separate reply, the minister said that some countries including Saudi Arabia and Kuwait have imposed ban on import of certain agricultural products.
2.Saudi Arabia has imposed ban on imports chilled and frozen shrimps, and cultured fish since December 2016 and February this year respectively.
3.Thailand has imposed temporary suspension in view of the reported occurrence of Infectious Myonecrosis Virus (IMNV) disease, Chaudhary said, adding that Mexico’s ban on grounds of detection of larva of Trogodermagranarium (Khapra beetle) in Indian Chilli.
Gold imports up 22.43% at 955.16 tonnes in 2017-18: Government:
1.Gold import in volume terms increased by 22.43 per cent to 955.16 tonnes in 2017-18, Parliament was informed today.
2.In 2016-17, the imports stood at 780.14 tonnes, according to the data shared by Minister of State for Commerce and Industry C R Chaudhary to the Lok Sabha in a written reply.
3.The demand of gold in the country in 2017-18 has increased during first and second quarters and declined in third and fourth quarters as compared to corresponding period in 2016-17, he said.
India Language Stack needed to overcome the barriers of communication: IT Secretary:
1.Addressing the symposium for Indian Languages Technology Industry ‘Bhashantara’, in New Delhi, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and IT, Shri.
2.Ajay Prakash Sawhney said that barrier-free communication is critical for the country and the goal is to have real-time translation capability in each of the Indic languages.
3.The IT Secretary stressed upon the fact that with internet access becoming affordable, demand for regional content is increasing and will continue to grow.
26 religious cities/sites in 19 States have been identified for development under PRASHAD Scheme: Shri K. J. Alphons:
1.26 religious cities/sites in 19 States have been identified for development under PRASHAD Scheme: Shri K. J. Alphons The Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance to State Governments/Union Territory (UT) Administrations under the schemes of Swadesh Darshan, National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASHAD) and Assistance to Central Agencies for the development of tourism related infrastructure in the country.
2.Under the PRASHAD Scheme, 26 religious cities/sites in 19 States have been identified for development which inter-alia include Amaravati and Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh), Kamakhya (Assam), Patna and Gaya (Bihar), Dwarka and Somnath (Gujarat), Gurudwara Nada Saheb (Haryana), Hazratbal and Katra (Jammu & Kashmir), Deogarh (Jharkhand), Chamundeshwari Devi (Karnataka), Guruvayoor (Kerala), Una (Himachal Pradesh), Omkareshwar (Madhya Pradesh), Trimbakeshwar (Maharashtra), Puri (Odisha), Amritsar (Punjab), Ajmer (Rajasthan), Kanchipuram and Vellankani (Tamil Nadu), Varanasi and Mathura (Uttar Pradesh), Badrinath and Kedarnath (Uttarakhand) and Belur (West Bengal).
3.K. J. Alphons, in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.
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