Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-31

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-07-31

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

A result foretold: on Cambodia polls:
1.New York-based Human Rights Watch recently released an investigation on Mr. Hun Sen’s inner circle, made up mostly of top security personnel linked to the brutal Khmer Rouge massacres of the 1970s.
2.Meanwhile, the massive Chinese investments in infrastructure projects in Cambodia come with no overt political strings attached, and Mr. Hun Sen continues to capitalise on his close ties with Beijing to counter domestic and overseas criticism of his human rights record.
3.The U.S. House of Representatives last week approved legislation to sanction top Cambodian officials implicated in the violation of the rule of law.

A good beginning: on draft data protection bill:
1.Srikrishna to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology after year-long public consultations provides a sound foundation on which to speedily build India’s legal framework.
2.The draft legislation puts the onus on the “data fiduciary” to seek clear, informed, specific and free consent, with the possibility of withdrawal of data of the “principal” to allow for the use and processing of “sensitive personal data”.
3.The exemptions granted to state institutions from acquiring informed consent from principals or processing personal data in many cases appear to be too blanket, such as those pertaining to the “security of the state”.

Longevity science:
1.Over time, cells malfunction, the endocrine system starts to fail, bones become brittle, muscles atrophy, vital organs sputter and our senses diminish until the body finally grinds to a halt.
2.However outlandish these goals may sound, most of the current research into longevity is backed by science, which makes it more jarring in this Anthropocene age that has choked the earth with plastic and carbon emissions.
3.The social and environmental implications of such longevity research raise ethical questions on equal access to therapies, use of diminishing natural resources and humankind’s impact on biodiversity.

Iodine magic:
1.But to our surprise, we observed that the transport of iodine-containing molecule, which is bigger than the other two, was better,” says Prof. Mugesh from the Institute’s Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry and corresponding author of a paper published in Angewandte Chemie .
2.This could be the reason why the iodine-containing molecule was taken up better despite its bigger size,” says Harinarayana Ungati from the Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, IISc, and first author of the paper.
3.Traditionally, radio-labelled hormone is used for studying thyroid uptake in mammalian cells,” says Vijayakumar Govindaraj from the Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, IISc, and coauthor of the paper.

The case for increasing the retirement age of judges:
1.A half-hearted attempt was made in 2010 to bring in the Constitution (114th Amendment) Bill to raise the retirement age of High Court judges to 65 from 62 years.
2.The idea of increasing the age of retirement, which has gained traction in recent times, has now been brought into sharp focus by Justice Kurian Joseph of the Supreme Court.
3.The Chief Justice of India, Dipak Misra, recently expressed concern over the backlog touching 3.3 crore cases.

The big five at 10:
1.In the age of Twitter, BRICS, or the grouping of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, has produced a 102-paragraph-long Johannesburg Declaration, one of the longest in recent years.
2.The BRICS Business Council has been actively enhancing trade and economic cooperation in diverse sectors ranging from manufacturing and energy to financial services and regional aviation.
3.For us, the most important was the interaction between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping, the third in four months, which deepened the trend towards conciliation between Asia’s two biggest powers.

The narrow and the transformative:
1.While the Aadhaar challenge was argued on the relatively straightforward basis of when and to what extent the state can exercise its coercive power over individuals, the 377 and Sabarimala hearings have seen clashes between the invocation of personal rights and the claims of cultural and religious groups.
2.Ideally, its reasoning should be limited to technical points of law, avoid constitutional questions, decide only the case before it, consciously eschew establishing precedent, and, above all, refrain from expressing any opinion on the validity of any personal belief or conviction.
3.This would enable the court to avoid reaching any determination on whether Sabarimala is entitled to invoke the authority of religion (in this case, lord Ayyappa’s vow of celibacy) in order to deny girls/women between the ages of 10 and 50 the right to worship at the shrine.

April-June fiscal deficit at 68.7% of fiscal year target:
1.India expects to trim the deficit to 3.3 percent of GDP this fiscal year, after meeting an upwardly revised fiscal deficit target of 3.5 percent of GDP in 2017/18.
2.Net tax receipts in the first quarter of 2018/19 fiscal year that ends in March 2019 were 2.37 trillion rupees, government data showed.
3.India expects to trim the deficit to 3.3 percent of GDP this fiscal year, after meeting an upwardly revised fiscal deficit target of 3.5 percent of GDP in 2017/18.

Need for relook at payments norms to keep pace with tech changes, says Niti Aayog:
1.”GST regime, rolled out in July last year, will have huge impact on digital payments as it matures,” Principal Adviser to Niti Aayog Ratan P Watal said.
2.There is a need for relook at Payment and Settlement Systems Act as technology is changing at a very fast pace compared to legislation, Principal Adviser to Niti Aayog Ratan P Watal said today.
3.Further, Watal said the Goods and Services Tax ( GST ) regime, rolled out in July last year, will have huge impact on digital payments as it matures.

Swachhta Pakhwada celebrated successfully across the country by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas:
1.Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Shri Dharmendra Pradhanled a cleaning drive in Satyanagar, Bharatpur and Khandagiri areas of Bhubaneswar on 13.07.2018.
2.A number of innovative initiatives including inter-alia Project GreenSole involving recycling of old shoes and manufacture of 5025pairs of new shoes for poor school childrenand installation of 2 units of “Ashudhhinashak” (incinerators not requiring electricity or fuel) in 118 schools in Hazira, Gujarat.Launching of solar-powered clean drinking water ATMs in Tripura, Jharkhand, Odisha and Assam having an outreach of more than 1 lakh people; collection of around 700 garbage bags under ‘Cleanathon Himalaya’sprogramme; distribution of jute bags in replacement of plastic bags to the consumers at ROs by OMCs; afforestation initiative whereby Seed Balls were dropped at designated dry, barren lands on the sides of Highways and river side with the help of tank truck drivers, were taken by up the Oil & Gas CPSEs.
3.In addition, the results of the Swachh Survekshan of 4200 Retail Outlets of the three Oil Marketing Companies which was conducted in association with Quality Council of India (QCI) across 50 cities Pan-India.

Advisor to J&K Governor, Shri  K. Vijay Kumar calls on Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh:
1.Advisor to Jammu & Kashmir Governor, Shri K. Vijay Kumar called on Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh here today.
2.Dr Jitendra Singh also made a mention of the Governor’s State Administrative Council deciding to implement the Government of India’s decision for abolition of interviews for lower posts and said this was long overdue, since the DoPT had issued orders on January 01, 2016.
3.Dr Jitendra Singh was also of the strong view that those of the medicos who seek admission to Medical College on the basis of RBA, LoC, etc reservation, should be bound to serve in the same area for at least 10 years after recruitment.

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