Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-01
Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams
1.At upwards of four million, the number of those excluded from the second draft of the National Register of Citizens published on Monday has sparked great anxiety about the legal status of so many individuals.
2.As with the first list published on December 31, 2017, the publication of the final draft before the Supreme Court-mandated and monitored exercise moves to the next phase of claims and objections wasn’t accompanied by major turbulence.
3.Causes for concern have been aplenty, from the frenetic pace to meet deadlines in the face of an unrelenting apex court to the omission in July of 1,50,000 names from the 19 million that had made it to the first draft.
Towards war’s end:
1.Talks between representatives of Syria’s Kurdish rebels and President Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Damascus bring a ray of hope to hundreds of thousands living in the country’s north and east.
2.The talks also took place after the regime recaptured Deraa in the south, the birthplace of the Syrian rebellion, after the rebels, apparently abandoned by their regional and western backers, agreed to surrender as part of a Russia-mediated deal.
3.However, a deal with the Kurds could upset Turkey, which sees Syrian Kurdish rebels as an extended arm of the Kurdistan Workers Party, which it calls “terrorist”.
A result foretold: on Cambodia polls:
1.New York-based Human Rights Watch recently released an investigation on Mr. Hun Sen’s inner circle, made up mostly of top security personnel linked to the brutal Khmer Rouge massacres of the 1970s.
2.Meanwhile, the massive Chinese investments in infrastructure projects in Cambodia come with no overt political strings attached, and Mr. Hun Sen continues to capitalise on his close ties with Beijing to counter domestic and overseas criticism of his human rights record.
3.The U.S. House of Representatives last week approved legislation to sanction top Cambodian officials implicated in the violation of the rule of law.
At the receiving end:
1.Six months into the job, I realised that all the ranting — and I got a fair share in the nearly eight years I covered the party — was Mr. Karunanidhi’s style of engaging with a person.
2.Sometimes, this anger spilled over to the party newspaper, Murasoli, where a quarter-page ‘box’ item would announce the infamy of the reporter about some news story that he was unhappy about.
3.I used the time to ask him about concepts that I could not comprehend, such as changing the school education system to an utopian samacheer kalvi (uniform syllabus) and about the need for samathuvapurams (translated loosely as villages where everyone is equal).
Friends or Seoul-mates?:
1.The clash between the two countries over the deployment of the U.S. Thaad missile defence system in the Korean Peninsula set off an economic retaliation by China against South Korea, whose economy is highly dependent on the Chinese market.
2.There are multiple dimensions to the uptick in India-South Korea strategic ties, including working together on ensuring freedom of navigation, overflight and unimpeded lawful commerce in the Indo-Pacific region; South Korea backing India’s bid for Nuclear Suppliers Group membership, especially when New Delhi has faced sustained opposition from China; and both nations working with third countries on a tripartite basis for regional development, exemplified by plans for capacity-building programmes in Afghanistan.
3.Given the immense potential for cooperation to bring about real change that could benefit India, South Korea and the broader region, Mr. Moon’s visit signals a deepening of bilateral ties driven by mutual strategic interest.
The public-private gap in health care:
1.The recent controversy about transparency in the working of the cadaver transplant programme in Tamil Nadu has provided an opportunity to revisit the vexed question of medical rationing in India.
2.The new Ayushman Bharat health scheme to provide secondary and tertiary care to those who are socio-economically deprived has a cap of ₹5 lakh per family per year.
3.Until such time as it demands this from governments, we will continue to witness the tragic drama of two levels of medical care in India.
A balancing Act:
1.The new directive that requires prior approval at the preliminary inquiry stage as well as before the registration of a regular case carries many imponderables, especially the risks involved in delegating authority to order commencement of investigations under the Act.
2.Only the speed and honesty of administrative ministries while acting on requests for permission from the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), in particular, for initiating action against an erring official would give us an idea of the practical difficulties involved.
3.As in the case of a common crime, we must consider whether conferring greater autonomy on investigating outfits, shortening trial procedures through mechanisms such as fast-track courts, and making penalties more stringent will introduce the much-needed deterrence to prospective offenders.
A fundamental error:
1.In justifying this framework, the report runs into tremendous difficulties as it attempts to put together a regulatory agenda that reconciles the expansion of the digital economy and state control with the principles of the right to privacy judgment.
2.This ignores the very structure of the Constitution in which the chapter guaranteeing enforceable Fundamental Rights stands on its own, preceding the one setting out unenforceable Directive Principles of State Policy.
3.The report says that “to see the individual as an atomised unit, standing apart from the collective, neither flows from our constitutional framework nor accurately grasps the true nature of rights litigations.
RBI cites crop MSP, oil volatility, fiscal slippage as risks to inflation while hiking repo rate:
1.The upside risk to crude oil prices remains geo-political tensions and supply disruption indicating that the threat of impending sanctions by the US on Iran played on the MPC’s mind.
2.The downside risk to crude oil prices remains a downward trend in global demand on account of “intensification of protectionist trade policies further”.
3.The RBI Governor Urjit Patel, in his press conference, highlighted the recent downward revision in GST tax rates on a number of items, as a mitigating factor to inflation risk provided the pass-through is carried out.
Cabinet clears amendments to GST laws:
1.The Cabinet today approved GST laws amendments which included hiking threshold limit for availing composition scheme dealers to Rs 1.5 crore, among other things.
2.”GST laws amendments have been cleared,” an official source said after the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi .
3.In all, there are 46 amendments, which among other things, will allow employers to claim input tax credit on facilities like food, transport and insurance provided to employees under any law.
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) to constitute ‘Mediation Cell’ for cases of child custody dispute in NRI marital discord:
1.The Ministry of Women and Child Development, has notified that any parent can approach the Integrated Nodal agency, set up to resolve the NRI marriages issues, with the details of the case.
2.The WCD Minister, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi has stated that the purpose of this procedure is primarily to bring all the facts of the case including the legal proceedings that may have been initiated either by the parties, make an overall assessment of the situation and suggest a parental plan in the best interests of the child.
3.In the meantime, the ministry has decided to set up an institutional mechanism to provide relief to the parents involved in such cases keeping in view the best interest of the child.
Modern Assault Rifles:
1.Government constantly reviews the security scenario and, accordingly, decides to induct appropriate defence equipment / technology to keep the Armed Forces in a state of readiness and equipped with modern weapon / protection systems.
2.Acceptance of Necessities (AoNs) have been accorded for procurement of essential quantities of Assault Rifles through Fast Track Procedure (FTP) under ‘Buy (Global)’ category.
3.The Capital Procurement proposals of the Armed Forces are progressed in terms of the extant Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), which, inter alia, lays down timelines for various stages of the procurement process and all efforts are made to adhere to these laid down timelines.
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