Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-02

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-02

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Prudent increase:
1.Continuing volatility in crude oil prices, the recent softening notwithstanding, and its vulnerability to geopolitical tensions and supply disruptions is one of the main risks to the inflation outlook.
2.Domestic economic activity having strengthened to a point where the output gap has ‘virtually closed’, manufacturers polled by the central bank have reported higher input costs and selling prices over the April-June quarter.
3.While rising trade protectionism threatens to impact investment flows, disrupt global supply chains and hurt all-round productivity, depreciations in the value of most currencies against the strengthening dollar have rippled through many major advanced and emerging economies, spurring inflation across these markets.

Reconsider the ban:
1.The Union Health Ministry’s ban on the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin , expected to kick off on September 1, is an extremely ill-thought-out one.
2.Because oxytocin stimulates lactation in cattle, dairy farmers inject the drug indiscriminately to increase milk production.
3.Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals Limited, the drugmaker tasked with manufacturing oxytocin, has been asked to cap the price at ₹16.56 for 1 ml of a five international unit (IU) solution.

Scaled-up solutions for a future of water scarcity:
1.These are large-scale schemes that can provide a perennial supply of water to large populations in cities and towns, engage the natural landscape, sustain ecological balance and have major economic and health benefits.
2.Our research shows that floodplains of rivers are exceptional aquifers where any withdrawal is compensated by gravity flow from a large surrounding area and can be used as a source of providing water to cities.
3.The marvel is that we can provide quality natural mineral water for all from a local forest tract for 20 times less than the market price and yet reap great economic returns.

No easy head counts:
1.Such apprehension sounds premature because the allocation of resources should necessarily recognise the needs of a State based not merely on the count of its people but also on the composition that may be varied depending on the stages of demographic transition that it has experienced over the last 40 years.
2.The solution lies in looking at it in terms of measures that moderate such distances through the recognition of differential needs of different States, keeping at par with their population structures.
3.The evidence is clear from the data available from the Ministry of External Affairs which indicate that Uttar Pradesh is the leading State in terms of sending emigrants to the Gulf in low-skilled and unskilled occupations.

River of effluents:
1.In return, the government offers to contribute 40% of the capital costs upfront and disburse the rest — with a profit margin — over 15 years subject to performance indicators being met.
2.Industrial pollution from tanneries in Kanpur, distilleries, paper and sugar mills in the Kosi, Ramganga and Kali river catchments is a major contributor.
3.Last week, the National Green Tribunal (which is hearing petitions around Ganga-cleaning projects) pulled up the government for its tardy job and said that the stretches between Haridwar and Unnao were “unfit for drinking and bathing” and that authorities should display “health warnings”.

Misadventures in education:
1.However, the education system has failed to provide continuous assessment and so the government is falling back on examinations and detention, which can lead to students becoming discouraged and higher dropout rates.
2.Besides maintaining a good pupil-teacher ratio (PTR), proper infrastructure like all-weather buildings, barrier-free access in schools, separate toilets for boys and girls are pertinent measures to improve qualitative standards enshrined in the RTE.
3.For example, an Accountability Initiative Report shows that allocations for the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, the main vehicle to drive RTE implementation, have remained much below the resource estimates made by the MHRD.

Polio jitters:
1.On June 29, 28 children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were paralysed by the circulating vaccine-derived polio virus Type 2 (cVDPV).
2.With retrospective confirmation that 21 cases of acute flaccid paralysis were caused by vaccine-derived polio virus Type 2, the government declared cVDPV2 to be a national public health emergency, in February.
3.Prior to the switch, an inactivated polio virus vaccine that uses the killed form of all three strains was introduced in a phased manner.

At the receiving end: Anecdotes from the DMK beat:
1.Six months into the job, I realised that all the ranting — and I got a fair share in the nearly eight years I covered the party — was Mr. Karunanidhi’s style of engaging with a person.
2.Sometimes, this anger spilled over to the party newspaper, Murasoli, where a quarter-page ‘box’ item would announce the infamy of the reporter about some news story that he was unhappy about.
3.I used the time to ask him about concepts that I could not comprehend, such as changing the school education system to an utopian samacheer kalvi (uniform syllabus) and about the need for samathuvapurams (translated loosely as villages where everyone is equal).

Friends or Seoul-mates?:
1.The clash between the two countries over the deployment of the U.S. Thaad missile defence system in the Korean Peninsula set off an economic retaliation by China against South Korea, whose economy is highly dependent on the Chinese market.
2.There are multiple dimensions to the uptick in India-South Korea strategic ties, including working together on ensuring freedom of navigation, overflight and unimpeded lawful commerce in the Indo-Pacific region; South Korea backing India’s bid for Nuclear Suppliers Group membership, especially when New Delhi has faced sustained opposition from China; and both nations working with third countries on a tripartite basis for regional development, exemplified by plans for capacity-building programmes in Afghanistan.
3.Given the immense potential for cooperation to bring about real change that could benefit India, South Korea and the broader region, Mr. Moon’s visit signals a deepening of bilateral ties driven by mutual strategic interest.

To what end this exercise?:
1.All 3.3 crore residents of Assam were required to submit documents from a list prescribed by the government to prove that they were indeed citizens of India in accordance with the rules — a process that has been fraught with complexity and confusion.
2.In February 2017, in Manowara Bewa v. Union of India , the Gauhati High Court declared that certificates issued by gram panchayats could not be relied on by residents to seek inclusion in the NRC.
3.Why preparing the NRC within a deadline was more important than ensuring that there was legal clarity over the manner in which the claims of citizenship could be decided is not something that the Supreme Court thought it fit to clarify or go into at any stage in its hearing of the case.

A fundamental error:
1.In justifying this framework, the report runs into tremendous difficulties as it attempts to put together a regulatory agenda that reconciles the expansion of the digital economy and state control with the principles of the right to privacy judgment.
2.This ignores the very structure of the Constitution in which the chapter guaranteeing enforceable Fundamental Rights stands on its own, preceding the one setting out unenforceable Directive Principles of State Policy.
3.The report says that “to see the individual as an atomised unit, standing apart from the collective, neither flows from our constitutional framework nor accurately grasps the true nature of rights litigations.

India likely to delay raising tariffs on U.S. goods-trade ministry official:
1.India is likely to delay the imposition of retaliatory tariffs on U.S. goods, a trade ministry official said on Thursday, two days before the new tariffs came into effect.
2.India’s trade ministry is expected to shortly issue a notification that could delay the implementation of the new tariffs by 45 days, news channel CNBC-TV 18 reported earlier citing sources.
3.New Delhi , incensed by Washington’s refusal to exempt it from the new tariffs, decided in June to raise import tax on some U.S. products from Aug. 4

Integrated farming key to boost farmers income: Agriculture Minister:
1.Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh today asked MPs to urge states to promote location specific Integrated Farming System (IFS) for achieving the goal of doubling farmers ‘ income by 2022.
2.He said IFS addresses the multiple objectives of raising production, profits , cost-reduction through recycling, family nutrition, ecological security and employment generation, among others.
3.MPs were informed that the income of farmers will go up by producing field crops along with other farm activities like dairy and poultry, he said in a statement.

Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating To Imported and Export Goods Notified:
1.Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating To Imported and Export Goods Notified In exercise of the powers conferred by section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962), and in supersession of the notification of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs No.63/2018-CUSTOMS (N.T.
2.), dated 19 th July, 2018 except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs hereby determines that the rate of exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currencies specified in column (2) of each of Schedule I and Schedule II annexed hereto, into Indian currency or vice versa, shall, with effect from 3 rd August, 2018, be the rate mentioned against it in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof, for the purpose of the said section, relating to imported and export goods.
3.Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees

Role and functioning of North Eastern Council:
1.The Council comprises Governors and Chief Ministers of constituent States and three members nominated by the President.
2.Some sectors have been identified as priorities like Bamboo; Piggery; Regional Tourism; Higher Education, Tertiary Healthcare & Special Intervention in backward areas; Livelihood project; Science & Technology Interventions in NER; Survey & Investigation and NER Promotion.
3.This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.

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