Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-11

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-11

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Endless war: on Saudi Arabia’s strike in Yemen:
1.The attack on a bus in a crowded market in southern Yemen that killed at least 45 people, most of them children, is the latest atrocity in the military intervention led by Saudi Arabia that began over three years ago.
2.During this period, Riyadh has paid little attention to growing international criticism of its use of excessive force in Yemen, which plunged the country, among the poorest in West Asia, into what the United Nations calls the world’s most severe humanitarian crisis.
3.The plight of Yemenis will get progressively worse unless enough pressure is brought to bear upon Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia and the main architect of the Kingdom’s aggressive foreign policy.

Stooping to conquer: BJP’s tact during RS Deputy Chairman election:
1.Second, in reaching out to the Biju Janata Dal in Odisha, a party seeking to maintain equidistance between the Congress and the BJP, Prime Minister Narendra Modi demonstrated a readiness to make peace without standing on prestige.
2.Read together with the numbers from the recent no-confidence vote in the Lok Sabha, the one thing that this election confirms is that Opposition unity is still very much a work in progress.
3.A few regional players such as the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, the Telugu Desam Party, and the BJD could well find themselves pitched against both the Congress and the BJP then.

Kohli’s moment:
1.The latest ICC Test rankings with Virat Kohli as the top batsman provide a curiously apt backdrop to the Indian cricket team’s current tour of England.
2.His ranking was enabled by his 200 runs, 149 in the first innings and 51 in the second, in the first Test in Birmingham which almost took India to victory, but in the event spared the tourists the embarrassment of a crushing defeat.
3.With 934 points, Kohli is just marginally ahead of Steve Smith (929), but the Australian is currently serving a one-year ban for ball-tampering and holds no threat; the next two potential challengers, England’s Joe Root (865) and New Zealander Kane Williamson (847), hover far behind.

A welcome retreat: withdrawing the FRDI Bill:
1.The decision to seek the Lok Sabha’s approval to withdraw the legislation this week is a clear acknowledgement by the government that it had underestimated the extent and intensity of public opposition to the proposed law.
2.That banks, by the very nature of their business, are essentially dependent on the funds lent to them by depositors to serve as the pool of lendable resources from which they provide credit to borrowers is well known and requires no elaboration.
3.While such a review ought to include an evaluation of the progress made by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code in addressing the crucial issue of debt resolution in the banking sector, it must also look at ways to strengthen the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation.

Best of friends, worthy rivals:
1.They were no more the humble 23-year-old script writer who had discovered his hero in MGR, the handsome 30-year-old, or the struggling actor who had found his muse in Karunanidhi after 11 years of an uneventful film career.
2.Yet by the end of October, the MGR administration pressed murder and conspiracy charges against Karunanidhi for the DMK’s demonstration against Indira Gandhi on her visit to Madurai in 1977.
3.On September 18, 1977, he said the court would decide on the issue of Karunanidhi’s statue on Anna Salai in Chennai (whether it posed a problem for traffic) while counselling his audience: “Do not do anything in anger.” It became a bit absurd when a government order said that no public space or building should be named after a living person.

Responding to widespread concern:
1.The judgment had led to widespread violence and loss of lives across the country, following which the government moved the Supreme Court for a review.
2.The 2018 Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha even as the government’s review petition is pending in the Supreme Court, overcomes the March 20 judgment by amending the 1989 Act to introduce Section 18A.
3.This provision does away with the need for a preliminary inquiry or requirement for an investigating officer to take prior approval from his superior before registering an FIR on a complaint under the Act.

What is ‘Feynman technique’ in Education?:
1.A learner must first identify and try to explain the concept that he wants to learn in a simple manner to a toddler through the use of examples and other easy tools.
2.The technique is named after American physicist Richard Feynman.
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Firm but gentle grasp:
1.On July 2, the Madras High Court directed the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur to redo its rank list for this year’s IIT Joint Entrance Examination .
2.The answer: “It is the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of Caesium 133.” Compare this to its earlier definition as 1/86,400 of a mean solar day – which, while having an appeal for its apparent simplicity, is much harder to precisely measure or check for being a standard value.
3.Aswal of National Physical Laboratory, Delhi, writes in an article in Current Science, since 1960, the metre has been defined in terms of the wavelength of light from krypton 86 radiation, hence, is derivable from nature.

Does the anti-trafficking Bill address trafficking?:
1.In order to break the organised nexus, at the national and international levels, the Bill proposes attachment and forfeiture of property and to remit the proceeds of crime in the rehabilitation fund.
2.In order to try offences under the Bill, the prosecution will have to first prove the subsections of Section 370, which are that the victim was transported, recruited, harboured, received or transferred for the purposes of exploiting her/him by using force, abduction, deception, or by abuse of power.
3.In the absence of clarity, such traffickers who operate hand in glove with the police will be the first to get themselves ‘rescued’ and claim hefty compensations, rehabilitation, small capital for business, and worse, an absurd immunity for committing serious offences that are punishable.

Questions of faith at Ayodhya:
1.Instead of arguing his case, Mr. Rahman blandly states: “A reading of the Koran and authentic traditions of the Prophet make clear the significance of the mosque in Islam.” This is, at best, a circular argument and, at worst, a terrible obfuscation.
2.Mohammed, in 2002 deployed the most scientific tools and unanimously concluded that there was indeed an extensive temple complex in ruins under the site where the Babri Masjid structure had stood.
3.Rama is venerated as Maryada Purushottam and worshipped by Hindus in the north as an avatar of Vishnu, while some Tamil saints known as Nayanmars and Alwars composed many hymns and songs dedicated to his divinity.

The rise and rise of Boris Johnson:
1.Mr. Johnson’s time as Foreign Secretary was peppered with controversial moments, including his remarks on boosting the whisky trade between India and the U.K. during a visit to a British gurdwara.
2.His later ones were the subject of more serious scrutiny, including questions around his appropriateness as the head of Britain’s Foreign Office at a time when its relations with the world outside Europe matter more than ever, but they have been by and large treated as blunders.
3.In the face of a public outcry – including criticism from Prime Minister Theresa May and calls for the party whip to be taken from him — he has stood firmly by his comments in The Daily Telegraph earlier this week.

Perils of historical amnesia: on Article 35A:
1.In fact, the fundamental purpose of Article 35A, when it was introduced in 1954 as part of a Presidential Order, was the exact opposite: instead of giving the state a “special status”, it was designed to take autonomy away from it.
2.The controversial Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh in 1947 which brought the State into the Union of India gave New Delhi control only over Kashmir’s defence, foreign policy and communications.
3.So, in January 1954, New Delhi negotiated a new agreement with Bakshi, which was passed by the Kashmir Constituent Assembly in February, and eventually introduced through Presidential Order in May.

Suresh Prabhu asks officials to hold another round of consultations on draft e-commerce policy:
1.Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu today asked his officials to undertake another round of stakeholder consultations for the draft e-commerce policy as concerns have been raised on some proposals.
2.It has stated that any group company of an online retailer or marketplace may not be allowed to directly or indirectly influence the price or sale of products and services on its platform, a move that could completely restrict e-tailers from giving deep discounts.
3.In the context of international trade negotiations, policy space for granting preferential treatment and imposing customs duties on e-transmission to digital items created in India would be retained.

Outperformed, China hears calls to learn from India’s mature stock market:
1.Two months ago, China’s largest lender by market value The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), launched China’s first India-dedicated publicly offered investment fund.
2.This makes China’s A-Share market very volatile and sensitive to financial risks,” Liu Xiaoxue, an associate research fellow at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ National Institute of International Strategy, told Global Times.
3.”As concerns over trade tension linger, anyone looking to invest in Asian emerging markets may turn to India over China,” she said.

Text of PM’s address at the 56th Annual Convocation of IIT Bombay:
1.IIT graduates went to America and excelled there: first as students in Universities and then as technology experts, entrepreneurs, executives and in academics.
2.From mitigating climate change to ensuring better agricultural productivity, From cleaner energy to water conservation, From combating malnutrition to effective waste management.
3.सवा सौ करोड़ देशवासियों के जीवन को आसान बनाने के लिए, Ease Of Living सुनिश्चित करने के लिए आपके हर प्रयास, हरविचार के साथ ये सरकार खड़ी है, आपके साथ चलने को तैयार है । इसलिए मेरी जब भी आप जैसे छात्रों, वैज्ञानिक बंधुओं, उद्मियों से बात होती है तो मैं IIT जैसे तमाम संस्थानों के इर्दगिर्द City Based Clusters of Science की चर्चा ज़रूर करता हूं। मकसद ये है कि Students, Teachers, Industry, Start Up से जुड़े तमाम लोगों को एक ही जगह पर, एक दूसरे की आवश्यकताओं के हिसाब से काम करने, R&D करने का अवसर मिले। अब जैसे मुंबई के जिस इलाके में आपका संस्थान है, उसे ही लीजिए। मुझे जानकारी दी गई है कि यहां ग्रेटर मुंबई में लगभग 800 कॉलेज और Institutes हैं, जिनमें लगभग साढ़े 9 लाख युवा पढ़ाई कर रहे हैं। आज जब हम यहां Convocation के लिए जुटे हैं, ये इस संस्थान का डायमंड जुबली वर्ष भी है, इस अवसर पर आपको मैं एक संकल्प से जोड़ना चाहता हूं। क्या IIT Bombay, City Based Centre of Excellence का केंद्र बन सकता है?

PRATIBANDHIT SAHITYA MEIN SWATANTRATA SANGRAM inaugurated by Dr. Mahesh Sharma in New Delhi today:
1.This exhibition of proscribed literature is from vast collection of poetry and prose that portrays the nationalistic fervour prevalent in the days of freedom struggle.
2.These were written in almost all the Indian languages such as Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu Urdu, Assamese etc.
3.Following the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911, the present building of the National Archives of India was constructed in 1926 which was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.

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