Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-14

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-14

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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Keeping dry:
1.There is genuine concern that a temporary respite in rainfall may be followed by another intense downpour from nascent weather systems; the India Meteorological Department has forecast rain until August 17.
2.According to an analysis of data on the monsoon between 1954 and 2003 by climate researchers at the University of Cambridge, overall this part of the country had become drier in summer, but with an emerging frequency of destructive flash floods in rare events.
3.It should begin with a programme to relocate people away from hazard zones along the rivers that were in spate in Kerala over the past week after the shutters of more than two dozen dams were opened.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/keeping-dry/article24682261.ece

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Huff and e-puff:
1.In the American Annual Review of Public Health , in January 2018 a group of researchers argued that e-cigarettes must be viewed from a “harm minimisation” perspective.
2.Plus, 2004-2014 data from the U.S. National Youth Tobacco Surveys suggest that young people at low risk of taking up smoking are turning to e-cigarettes.
3.A more pragmatic option would be to regulate e-cigarettes tightly, by creating standards for the aerosols and banning underage and public use.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/huff-and-e-puff/article24682298.ece

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The misunderstood knight?:
1.Its reputation as a poison has a long history and stretches back to fourth century treatises on medicine.
2.However, it wasn’t fully clear what cellular target(s) these drugs act on, how they interact with each other, or whether they might be effective against other types of cancer.
3.Notably, these animals displayed no obvious defects for over half of lifespan, suggesting that targeting this master switch of an enzyme may be safe.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-misunderstood-knight/article24682632.ece

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A rainbow coalition:
1.The story opened with this sentence: “After a quarter century of tortured life as a woman trapped in a man’s body in a Kerala village, Geeta had fled to Chennai 16 years ago.”
2.The story described how Geeta was “taunted, insulted and physically harassed at school, home and on the street, just because I talked and behaved like a woman.” It ended on this pessimistic note: “Small wonder then, transsexuals are not visible in Kerala.”
3.“It’s an interesting case of politicians and administrators acting to reform social attitude.” The ‘State Policy for Transgenders in Kerala 2015’, which aimed to provide the “right to live with dignity” reflected this political will.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-rainbow-coalition/article24682628.ece

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Making ‘lateral entry’ work:
1.Having objective criteria also gives decision makers confidence that their appointments will be able to stand up to public scrutiny without fear of seeming biased towards or against candidates for caste, geography, political affiliation or other considerations.
2.Target the talent you need: Public announcements inviting lateral entry applicants for open government positions preserve transparency but are not very effective recruiting strategies.
3.We worked with a freshly installed administration in Latin America to build an extensive database of hundreds of private sector leaders considered to have the skills necessary to help fight the country’s urgent economic and social challenges.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/making-lateral-entry-work/article24682590.ece

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How to move a mountain:
1.At a recent lecture-demonstration of Koodiyattam, a complex form of Sanskrit theatre practised in Kerala, one of the leading exponents of this beautiful art, Margi Madhu Chakyar, performed an episode from the epic literature titled “Kailasoddharanam”, the lifting of Mount Kailasa.
2.The conversation took up from Marathi Dalit academic Kusum Pawde’s classic essay, “The Story of my Sanskrit” (1981), Prof. Panwar’s moving and inspiring account of her own journey from manual scavenger in rural Haryana to Sanskrit professor in the capital, as told on the television show “Satyameva Jayate” (2012) and my column echoing Prof. Pawde’s piece (2014).
3.Prof. Bose described how as a young student in Kolkata, she was forced to switch from the study of Mimamsa (Vedic Hermeneutics) to Natyasastra (Performance and Aesthetics), because the former was considered a prestigious subject reserved for male scholars, while the latter was a lesser topic open to females.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/how-to-move-a-mountain/article24682600.ece

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Death of a Marxist:
1.The limitations set by the powerful countries of the world — the imperialist bloc led by the U.S. — and by the system of monopoly capitalism prevented any major breakthrough for states such as Egypt and Mali.
2.With the fall of the U.S.S.R. and the rise of the U.S. to unparalleled power, Amin wrote of the ‘empire of chaos’, of a new era that would result in great inequality, precarious labour, the destruction of agriculture and the dangers of political religion.
3.In one of his last texts, to honour Marx, Amin reflected on a line from The Communist Manifesto — that the class struggle always results “either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes”.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/death-of-a-marxist/article24682607.ece

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The house that Naipaul built:
1.Naipaul, or Sir Vidia as he was called after receiving his knighthood, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, was a man who did his own stuff, and seemed to be blind to those who pulled faces at him.
2.A House for Mr Biswas , with a story inspired by Naipaul’s father’s warped intellectual struggles in a discouraging postcolonial environment, is one of those rare recent novels in which the protagonist is basically conservative and yet gains the reader’s sympathy.
3.Selecting deceptively from actual autobiographical facts, this ‘novel’ (which is what Naipaul chose to call it) is correctly read by critics as examining the ambiguities of leaving or arriving ‘home’.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-house-that-naipaul-built/article24671609.ece

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Making data speak:
1.Sridhar Venkatraman, a subscriber of the e-paper from Milton Keynes in the U.K., wrote to us with a few interesting questions about data visualisation in news stories and on the oped page.
2.The data team uses scatter plots specifically for those stories that require multiple variables to explain the complex nature of interplay.
3.While the primary focus of these academic exercises is to find out how to make numbers accessible, the aesthetic experience of the reader and the ease of reading is not given due consideration.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/Readers-Editor/making-data-speak/article24671931.ece

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Exclusionary state:
1.You could just as easily feel that way if you were a rural-to-urban migrant worker facing dislocation and “uprootedness” — a state of constant threat and anxiety with no sense of control over your spatial and temporal existence.
2.A mere 8% of the intended projects have been completed so far in the past three years, according to the recent report released by Housing and Land Rights Network.
3.The state’s role in ensuring equality, basic dignity, livelihood and providing minimum social security to its people must be upheld before all other priorities.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/exclusionary-state/article24671602.ece

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The Obama years:
1.Coates, a celebrated writer known for his chronicles of the culture, politics, and lives of the blacks in the U.S., compiles eight essays he wrote for The Atlantic in Eight Years in Power.
2.He writes that the President did well within the limitations of Washington politics on a host of issues, from climate change to healthcare reforms and economic revival.
3.Obama as President left an indelible influence on a young America which is going to take his legacy forward.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-obama-years/article24672044.ece

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What is donor’s dilemma in economics?:
1.This refers to a paradoxical situation where the offering of monetary incentives for the donation of human blood causes a fall in the actual number of donations.
2.Critics, however, have argued that the offering of monetary incentives can actually increase the donation of blood as people willing to donate for money will more than offset the loss of altruistic donors.
3.Sign up to receive our newsletter in your inbox every day!
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-donors-dilemma-in-economics/article24671605.ece

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Making ‘lateral entry’ work:
1.Having objective criteria also gives decision makers confidence that their appointments will be able to stand up to public scrutiny without fear of seeming biased towards or against candidates for caste, geography, political affiliation or other considerations.
2.Target the talent you need: Public announcements inviting lateral entry applicants for open government positions preserve transparency but are not very effective recruiting strategies.
3.We worked with a freshly installed administration in Latin America to build an extensive database of hundreds of private sector leaders considered to have the skills necessary to help fight the country’s urgent economic and social challenges.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/making-lateral-entry-work/article24682590.ece

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Growth may pick up, but concerns remain:
1.The combined revenues and profit of 370 large companies have shown better performance in the first quarter, even though they are on a weak base.
2.The RBI’s latest report on financial stability shows that the gross non-performing asset (NPA) ratio of scheduled commercial banks rose to 11.6% (March 2018).
3.C. Rangarajan is former Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and former Governor, Reserve Bank of India.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/growth-may-pick-up-but-concerns-remain/article24682580.ece

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Power sector NPAs: Allahabad high court asks RBI to make final submissions:
1.The total outstanding loans of scheduled commercial banks to the power sector (including renewables) stood at Rs 5.65 lakh crore at the end of March.
2.NEW DELHI: The Allahabad high court has asked Reserve Bank of India to make its final submissions on the case filed against its circular by power companies while fixing the matter for hearing on Aug 20.
3.The companies cited the 40th Parliamentary Standing Committee report thatnoted that the outcomes of RBI ‘s revised framework with respect to the electricity sector have been disappointing with bank non-performing assets (NPAs) rising.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/power-sector-npas-allahabad-high-court-asks-rbi-to-make-final-submissions/articleshow/65400774.cms

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Wholesale inflation slows to 5.09% in July on cheaper food articles:
1.Wholesale inflation eased to 5.09 per cent in July on account of cheaper food articles, especially fruits and vegetables, government data showed today.
2.Although, available trends suggest a month-on-month pick up in the prices of vegetables, sugar, milk, pulses and cereals in August 2018, primary food articles may continue to record year-on-year disinflation in the ongoing month,” said Aditi Nayar, principal economist, ICRA.
3.Yesterday’s government data on retail inflation, the key input for the Reserve Bank to review its monetary policy every two months, recorded a nine-month low print at 4.17 per cent on account of cheaper food articles.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/indicators/wpi-inflation-ebbs-in-july-after-hitting-4-year-high-in-june/articleshow/65397779.cms

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UnionAgriculture MinisterShri Radha Mohan Singh discusses ways to strengthen bilateral ties and promoting closer cooperation in agriculture sector with Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Republic of Moldova, Mr. Tudor Ulianovschi:
1.UnionAgriculture MinisterShri Radha Mohan Singh discusses ways to strengthen bilateral ties and promoting closer cooperation in agriculture sector with Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Republic of Moldova, Mr. Tudor Ulianovschi The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh met the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova, Mr. Tudor Ulianovschi, in Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi today and called for strengthening traditional ties between the two countries by promoting closer cooperation in the agriculture sector.
2.Shri Singh reiterated India’s tremendous progress in the agriculture sector and the commitment to double farmers’ income by 2022 through a series of reforms, namely Soil Health Card, organic farming, crop insurance, irrigation, e-NAM etc.
3.Shri Singh called for businesses from both sides to explore possibilities for enhancing agricultural trade and welcomed Moldovan companies to participate in the World Food Festival in India.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=181887

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Ministry of AYUSH introduced new Central Sector scheme for promoting Pharmacovigilance of AYUSH Drugs:
1.Prime objective of the scheme is to develop the culture of documenting adverse effects and undertake safety monitoring of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and surveillance of misleading advertisements appearing in the print and electronic media.
2.The Standing Finance Committee (SFC) chaired by Secretary (AYUSH) approved the scheme on 1st November, 2017 and thereafter it was rolled out for implementation in the country near the end of financial year 2017-18.
3.Ministry of AYUSH felt it necessary in the interest of Public Health to oversee the impact of ASU&H Drugs consumed by the people from the perspective of their safety profile.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=181886

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