Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-15

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-15

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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Currency crossfire:
1.Relations between the U.S. and Turkey are tense, with Washington refusing to hand over an Islamic cleric charged by the Recep Tayyip Erdoğan government of masterminding the failed military coup in 2016.
2.As former Chief Economic Adviser Kaushik Basu said last week, the rupee’s correct value may be closer to 70-71 to the dollar, and achieving that level will boost job-creating sectors like exports that have severely underperformed in recent years.
3.With both consumer and wholesale price inflation easing in July, the Reserve Bank of India, which has only intervened sparingly in the forex market so far, may have room to hold off on a growth-debilitating rate hike in October.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/currency-crossfire/article24692844.ece

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Siege of Ghazni:
1.The massive Taliban assault on the strategically important Ghazni city in southeastern Afghanistan has exposed the vulnerabilities of Afghan troops once again.
2.But since the assault began, and with at least 100 security personnel and over 20 civilians dead, government troops are yet to make any major progress in beating back the Taliban.
3.Recently, American diplomats met Taliban representatives in Doha, and Kabul was preparing for a second ceasefire after a brief truce by both sides for Id.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/siege-of-ghazni/article24692860.ece

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Bringing up a science:
1.The Nipah virus outbreak, which was traced to the habitat destruction of fruit bats, is also a study in ecology and evolutionary biology.
2.“The single, small post-graduate training programme in the field — an Integrated Ph.D. course in Evolutionary and Organismal Biology, conducted at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru — was abruptly terminated after a few years, despite appreciative student responses,” says Amitabh Joshi, an evolutionary biologist from the Centre.
3.This is a significant development because the ISEB hopes to not just bring together practitioners and senior researchers from the field, but also aims to reach members of the public and get them to engage with the mission of the Society.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/bringing-up-a-science/article24692040.ece

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An election eye-opener:
1.Away from the rallies, politicking, coalition talk and door-to-door campaigns, election coverage usually involves attempting to find a logical voting pattern in an otherwise unpredictable electorate.
2.The Karnataka Assembly elections provided an opportunity to tour many parts of the State and ask voters the same set of questions on what they thought of the political situation or of specific issues.
3.After many such conversations with all religious factions, each upping their conspiracy theories, I was relieved when our journey led us to the Western Ghats to talk about land rights.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/an-election-eye-opener/article24692047.ece

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What is operant conditioning in psychology?:
1.Such learning happens because of the establishment of a link between a certain behaviour and stimuli through the use of deliberate techniques.
2.The term was coined by the psychologist B.F. Skinner in his book, The Behaviour of Organisms.
3.GOPlease enter a valid email address.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-operant-conditioning-in-psychology/article24692045.ece

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Simultaneous polls can be done, but all parties have to agree: Chief Election Commissioner:
1.We have done a lot of analysis and our technical experts committee, which includes professors from IIT Delhi, Mumbai and Bhilai, found that light affects the contrast and leads to malfunctions.
2.It’s a quasi-judicial process where the Electoral Registration Officer [ERO] gets an application from a person for inclusion as a voter along with documentary evidence of being a citizen of the country, of being 18 years of age, as well being an ordinary resident of that constituency.
3.The EC decided to address the issues and had requested the CBDT that in case you have the resources, please examine some affidavits based on certain criteria, such as increase in wealth of candidate beyond a certain threshold within a particular time period, so that it can be put in public domain for the benefit of the voters.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/simultaneous-polls-can-be-done-but-all-parties-have-to-agree/article24692274.ece

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The market across the border:
1.In an attempt to explore potential areas of increasing trade between India and Pakistan, a study by the Bureau of Research on Industry and Economic Fundamentals (BRIEF), New Delhi, looked at developing bilateral, product-specific, regional value chains.
2.India can play a key role here in exporting raw material and semi-finished goods such as latex, rubber, and football bladders, which would work out to be more economical for Sialkot than sourcing them from other countries such as Thailand.
3.There also needs to be focus on other issues such as key items in the textiles and clothing sector, border infrastructure and security, improved connectivity by sea and air, enhanced people-to-people contact and educational exchanges.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-market-across-the-border/article24692883.ece

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Words of freedom:
1.That phrase from the Constitution of India translates in sonorous Sanskrit as Vayam Bhaaratasya janaahaa , in lyrical Urdu as Hum Hind ki Aawaam and in categorical Tamil as Naam Intiyavin makkal .
2.I can think of other women leaders with grit, vision and commitment who would have made great Prime Ministers — Sucheta Kripalani, Hansa Mehta, Aizaz Rasul, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Mrinal Gore.
3.The march, five months ago, from Nashik to Mumbai, of 40,000 of India’s kisans , Bharat ’s farmers, Hind ’s peasants showed the severity of our agrarian crisis and their tenacity to fight it.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/words-of-freedom/article24692870.ece

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Making ‘lateral entry’ work:
1.Having objective criteria also gives decision makers confidence that their appointments will be able to stand up to public scrutiny without fear of seeming biased towards or against candidates for caste, geography, political affiliation or other considerations.
2.Target the talent you need: Public announcements inviting lateral entry applicants for open government positions preserve transparency but are not very effective recruiting strategies.
3.We worked with a freshly installed administration in Latin America to build an extensive database of hundreds of private sector leaders considered to have the skills necessary to help fight the country’s urgent economic and social challenges.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/making-lateral-entry-work/article24682590.ece

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RBI puts 200 stressed account under scanner:
1.NEW DELHI: As part of its effort to contain rising non-performing assets (NPAs), the RBI has started scrutiny of 200 large accounts to assess level of stress and provisioning done against them by respective banks.
2.Private sector lenders, which were reputed for their caution on the asset quality front vis-a-vis the poorly governed state-owned peers, were the worst hit in this exercise.
3.Last year, RBI had tweaked the rules to make it compulsory for lenders to disclose under-reporting of bad assets.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/rbi-puts-200-stressed-account-under-scanner/articleshow/65413669.cms

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Draft policy expects e-commerce platforms, search engines to store data locally:
1.”The Government would have access to data stored in India for national security and public policy objectives subject to rules related to privacy, consent etc,” it said.
2.A law/regulation to govern unsolicited commercial e-mails will be framed, it said, adding the legal redressal mechanism for consumer complaints would be made more effective by assessing the feasibility of establishing e-consumer courts.
3.”The grounds for seeking disclosure of source code to the government would be expanded to include situations of unfair trade practice, fraud, and compliance with domestic regulatory requirements,” it said.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/draft-policy-expects-e-commerce-platforms-search-engines-to-store-data-locally/articleshow/65413437.cms

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Teach our Children traditions and rich cultural heritage: Vice President Meets School Children from various Schools:
1.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that we should teach our traditions, our rich cultural heritage to Children so that our cultural heritage is protected.
2.He further said that we should also make our Children to speak only in Mother tongue at home.
3.We should make them understand Nature and Culture together for Better Future which is important in everyone’s life, he added.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=181919

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PM’s Independence Day Speech 2018- Highlights in English:
1.We have been celebrating this festival of independence, at a time when our daughters from states of Uttarakhand, Himachal, Manipur, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have come back after circumnavigating the seven seas.
2.Whether it is a Dalit or be it someone who has been persecuted or exploited or be it a deprived person or women, our Parliament has made the social justice even morestronger with all the sensitivity and alertness to protect their interests.
3.Had we worked at the speed of 2013 , it would have taken centuries in making India 100% open defecation free or electrifying every part or even providing the LPG gas connection to every woman in rural and urban areas.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=181918

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