Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-20

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-20

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Reality check:
1.In addition to the basic requirement of a legal framework under which the extension or curtailment of the term of any Assembly is constitutionally permissible, simultaneous elections would demand a massive increase in the number of electronic voting machines (EVMs) and voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) units.
2.It is natural that parties that control legislatures constituted in recent months or years would resist any curtailment of their tenures, while those in the Opposition may prefer simultaneous polls if it means Assembly elections being advanced.
3.Bharatiya Janata Party president Amit Shah has written to the Law Commission favouring simultaneous polls, giving a fillip to the idea.

A long campaign:
1.With Indonesian President Joko Widodo and his main challenger Prabowo Subianto announcing their running mates for the April 2019 election, the stage is set for an extended campaign.
2.Mr. Widodo, from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, is seeking a second term, and his choice of Ma’ruf Amin, a conservative Islamic cleric, as running mate appears to be aimed at averting the alienation of the more orthodox sections.
3.A Muslim of Javanese descent, Mr. Widodo, referred to as Jokowi, was the target of a social media smear campaign in the 2014 elections, suggesting that he was an ethnic Chinese Christian and a member of the banned communist party.

What is safety stock in business?:
1.The safety stock can help businesses avoid the problem of stock-outs which could lead to the loss of potential sales due to the inability to fully satisfy customer demand.
2.It can also help them avoid losing customers who might prefer to switch to a different vendor when their orders are not fulfilled.
3.A large safety stock, however, can cause the capital of a business, which could be employed elsewhere, to be unnecessarily tied up in its inventory.

For better slum policies:
1.Current slum policies primarily focus on housing, relocation or in-situ development of multi-storey complexes, which free up swathes of prime real estate.
2.The cumulative effect is that residents end up staying in the same slums for an average of 21 years, according to a seven-year exploratory study helmed by Duke University, U.S.
3.In many established slums, political patronage has produced concrete houses, title deeds, piped water and regularised electricity.

Sovereignty and sensitivity: on India-Bhutan relations:
1.The People’s Democratic Party, led by imcumbent Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay, enters the elections with a visible edge, even if it may not be able to better its landslide victory in 2013, when it won 32 of the 47 seats.
2.In addition, India’s power-surplus status and the advent of other renewable energies like wind and solar power will make it more difficult for Bhutan to ensure that its hydropower sector becomes profitable.
3.Interestingly, these issues are reminiscent of the situation in September 1958 when Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru undertook the arduous three-week journey by yak across the Chumbi Valley to meet Bhutan’s second king, Jigme Wangchuck.

Documenting a living movement:
1.The death of M. Karunanidhi , DMK supremo and five-time Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, prompted a wave of speculation on what the vacuum left by his passing will herald for the State’s future.
2.Popular, accessible books have been relatively rare in the field of Tamil Nadu political economy, even if scholars such as John Harriss, Narendra Subramanian, Arun Swamy and Atul Kohli have written definitive academic accounts in this area.
3.This book offers valuable insights into how the anti-Brahmin, anti-elite dimensions of Dravidian politics impacted the institutions of the state, orienting it towards the delivery of the welfare agenda that we have come to know well.

A chronicle of collaboration:
1.Old photographs that showed a prominent Carnatic artiste in the company of a well-known Christian priest made an appearance which fuelled demands that the performer ought to be stripped of all awards and titles for having committed such a heinous offence.
2.For that matter, the prima donna of our art, Veena Dhanammal, saw merit in Calcutta’s Gauhar Jan and Abdul Karim Khan and taught them some songs of Tyagaraja.
3.Ten years ago, Sister Margaret Bastin, a nun, made a fantastic presentation on the life of Karaikkal Ammaiyar at the Music Academy.

Always a peacemaker:
1.Narasimha Rao, and the then Leader of the Opposition, Vajpayee, when in the 1990s the former persuaded the latter to lead the Indian delegation to the UN Human Right Commission meeting in Geneva, which was then discussing issues related to India and Pakistan.
2.After strenuous negotiations, in the bilateral joint communiqué issued at the end of the visit, President Musharraf gave the assurance that he would not permit any territory under Pakistan’s control to be used to support terrorism in any manner.
3.Even Shastri had a majority in Parliament when he undertook the visit to Tashkent and had earlier made a transit halt in Karachi to meet Ayub Khan.

Finance Ministry proposes to ease process of getting no tax deduction certificate:
1.”In order to rationalise the system, the existing Form No 13 and relevant IT Rules are required to be amended,” said the revenue department.
2.”This is vital for minimising the human interface and reducing the compliance burden on the applicant,” the department added while seeking comments from stakeholders by September 4 on the draft notification in this regard.
3.”There is no centralised process to apply online for getting such certificate except in a few states like, Karnataka and Goa which allow filing of Form 13 electronically.

Suresh Prabhu reviews proposed agriculture export, industrial policies:
1.Union Minister Suresh Prabhu today reviewed proposed agriculture export and new industrial policies and discussed strategies to boost outward shipments with top officials here.
2.It will also look to reduce regulatory hurdles and encourage adoption of frontier technologies such as robotics and artificial intelligence.
3.The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) in August last year floated a draft industrial policy with an aim to create jobs for the next two decades, promote foreign technology transfer and attract USD 100 billion FDI annually.

Shri Gadkari Stresses on the Need to Develop Consensus Amongst Concerned States on Interlinking of Rivers:
1.Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Shipping, Road Transport & Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari today stressed on the need to develop consensus amongst the concerned states on interlinking of rivers so that the water draining unutilized into the sea could be utilized for the needy areas.
2.The successful completion of these projects will lead to reduction in disaster during floods, improved irrigation facilities, employment generation in rural agriculture, and increase in exports and decrease in migration from villages.
3.Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal said that many local issues were sorted out by healthy discussions during the regional conferences which were held in the past few months.

Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh pays homage to Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee:
1.The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh paid floral tributes to former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee during a homage meeting at the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region here today.
2.He said that Shri Vajpayee conceived of a separate Ministry for this purpose and initially set up a department for the development of NER.
3.Dr. Jitendra Singh said under the prime ministership of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a non-lapsable pool of funds for the North Eastern Region was set up, Sikkim included as a member of North Eastern Council, mobile phone connectivity launched in the region and also Prime Minister’s Gram Sarak Yojna expanded to benefit the NER.

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