Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-28

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-08-28

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Restoring dignity:
1.It may mark the beginning of the end to the culture of ostracisation that most of them face and help remove misconceptions about the disease and dispel the belief that physical segregation of patients is necessary.
2.Since last year, the Supreme Court has been hearing a writ petition by the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy seeking to uphold the fundamental rights of people with leprosy and the repeal of discriminatory laws against them.
3.The resolution sought the abolition of laws, rules, regulations, customs and practices that amounted to discrimination, and wanted countries to promote the understanding that leprosy is not easily communicable and is curable.

The big squeeze:
1.Masoud Karbasian, who was removed as Finance Minister on Sunday, is the latest high-profile political casualty in Iran’s attempts to counter the effects of a weakening currency and crippling U.S. sanctions.
2.In a prelude to Mr. Karbasian’s sacking, through impeachment by parliament, President Hassan Rouhani had in July dropped Valiollah Seif as the central bank governor, for incompetence in handling the fallout from the currency crisis.
3.In an effort to mitigate their impact, Abdolnaser Hemmati, the new central bank chief, has announced a relaxation of foreign exchange rules, creating access to subsidised hard money for purchase of essential commodities.

Ways to read the Constitution:
1.In B.C Motor Vehicle Reference (1985), the Canadian Supreme Court, while rejecting originalism, said that such a method would mean that “…the rights, freedoms and values embodied in the Charter in effect become frozen in time to the moment of adoption with little or no possibility of growth, development and adjustment to changing societal needs.”
2.The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.” It is peculiar since it abolishes a social practice in any form.
3.Muniswamy Pillai said in the Constituent Assembly that “the great thing that this Constitution brings to notice, not only to this country but to the whole world is the abolition of untouchability.”

The economics of nation states:
1.A 2018 paper by Avidit Acharya and Alexander Lee, “Economic foundations of the territorial state system”, offers an economic explanation as to why the world is divided into many countries with strict borders delineating the powers of various governments.
2.Acharya and Lee believe that this happened because rulers who previously competed against each other for the patronage of various populations began to cooperate with each other by agreeing to limit their influence to specific regions.
3.Thus, the formation of the nation state with strict borders can be explained as the result of rulers coming together to form an economic cartel that served their personal interests.

What’s ‘zero inventory’ in Business?:
1.It requires the accurate forecasting of demand and was popularised by Japanese car manufacturer Toyota.
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Toxic silence:
1.Seeking to collect data and analyse the problem in an article, The Hindu sent out a questionnaire to nearly half of the 19 autonomous research institutes under the Department of Science and Technology, and the 44 CSIR labs, on sexual harassment.
2.For instance, to the question “Were the members of the Internal Complaints Committee elected or nominated?” the reply was, “As per the government rules.” The intention of the survey was not to place any institution in a spot — it was to get a holistic understanding of the problem and write an analytical piece on it.
3.At a broad level there is little doubt that the Act needs to be debated in greater depth so that legal experts can express thoughts on potential improvements.

How dams can control floods:
1.This is so that when the monsoon rains come, there is space to store the excess rainwater and also so that water can be released in a regulated manner, thus preventing floods downstream when there is heavy inflow to the dams.
2.The tendency to hold the maximum amount of water in our reservoirs while ignoring the high risk involved in doing so can be attributed to our over-dependence on hydel projects to produce electricity.
3.Hence, the State Dam Security Authority, if competent, should be entrusted with the task of water management in reservoirs and with taking decisions in emergency situations.

Rewriting history:
1.We live in an age when we appear to be forgetting the unifying message of “Saare Jahan Se Achcha”, powerful words penned by Muhammad Iqbal.
2.Akbar is the new age Aurangzeb — a man dubbed an invader by none other than the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Yogi Adityanath.
3.What was said was obvious — give the Rajputs a place of honour; what was left unsaid was critical and objectionable — the greatest of Mughals had no business having a road named after him in Delhi, which was once an important component of his empire.

Rescue, relief and renewal:
1.Citizens have moved into action and yet they knew the limits of aid and relief.” Central to this, in style and leadership, is the role of Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, who has been a hands-on administrator.
2.Even if the Centre responds locally and parochially, the Government of Kerala realised that in the long run, floods not only challenge the democratic imagination but ask us to reconsider the future of federation.
3.Maybe it is time Kerala, which combines traditional and global in creative ways, rethinks its lost ecological self beyond consumption and the amnesia of development.

India’s growth indicators show animal spirits very much alive:
1.Demand for bank loans remained solid going into the July quarter despite rising interest rates, and so was the case with services and manufactured goods, a cross-section of forward-looking indicators compiled by Bloomberg News show ahead of government data on economic growth due Aug. 31.
2.Other risks loom in the form of higher oil prices, tightening global financial conditions and a shortfall in taxes that can put budget targets out of reach.
3.Bloomberg Economics’ Abhishek Gupta attributed the rise in bank credit over the past year largely due to favorable base effects.

Maharashtra traders boycott farm auctions:
1.Traders and commission agents at some of Maharashtra’s agricultural markets stopped buying farm produce on Monday to oppose the state Cabinet proposal of one-year jail term and Rs 50,000 fine for traders who buy crops below minimum support price ( MSP ).
2.“We have decided not to participate in the auctions till our statelevel committee takes a call on further action next week,” said Mahavir Shah , president, Baramati Merchants’ Chamber.
3.But traders boycotted the auctions based on news reports.” Farmers’ representatives said that proposed changes could jeopardise the interest of growers.

MoU Signed for Indore- Manmad New Railway Line Project:
1.Containers and other rail traffic from Indore and other Central Indian locations earlier had to follow a circuitous route through Vadodara and Surat to reach Mumbai, Pune and ports like JNPT, travelling a distance of 815 km.
2.Speaking on the occasion Shri Gadkari hailed the signing of this MoU as a major step towards development of backward areas of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra through which the new railway line will pass.
3.The project will reduce the logistics cost for the cargo centres located in Northern India such as Lucknow, Agra, Gwalior and Kanpur belt as well as Indore – Dhule – Bhopal region to the gateway ports JNPT and Mumbai.

Dredging Corporation of India Limited Announces 20% Dividend for 2017-18:
1.At its 42 nd Annual General Meeting held earlier this month, DCI declared a dividend of Rs.2 per equity share of Rs.10 each, amounting to Rs.
2.Capital Dredging Contracts were executed at Paradip Port, Bangladesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Gogha and Dahej.
3.DCI is a Schedule B, Mini Ratna Category-I Public Sector Undertaking under the administrative control of Ministry of Shipping, Government of India.

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