Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-01

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-01

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

The sedition debate:
1.The only dilution it mooted was to modify the wide gap between the two jail terms prescribed in the section (either three years or life) and fix the maximum sanction at seven years’ rigorous imprisonment with fine.
2.Under the present law, strong criticism against government policies and personalities, slogans voicing disapprobation of leaders and stinging depictions of an unresponsive or insensitive regime are all likely to be treated as ‘seditious’, and not merely those that overtly threaten public order or constitute actual incitement to violence.
3.In fact, so mindless have some prosecutions been in recent years that the core principle enunciated by the Supreme Court — that the incitement to violence or tendency to create public disorder are the essential ingredients of the offence — has been forgotten.

Submerging markets: on falling rupee value:
1.This happened despite a 15 percentage point increase in interest rates by Argentina’s central bank in order to stem the outflow of capital and shore up the value of the currency.
2.The tightening of liquidity in the West, with the U.S. Federal Reserve raising interest rates, has played a major role in the strengthening of the dollar since February this year.
3.Investors who earlier put their money in emerging markets have recently preferred American assets, which now yield higher returns.

Shocking negligence: on need for materio-vigilance:
1.Though it restricts its criticism to J&J, the report makes it clear that the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation also failed in its job of protecting Indian patients.
2.It began in 2006, when DePuy International Ltd., a subsidiary of J&J, registered three types of articular surface replacement implants with the CDSCO.
3.The company claims it had trouble tracking patients in India; of 4,700 implants done, only 1,032 recipients had been contacted till March 2017.

Money, money, money: on demonetisation:
1.First, the hope that a large chunk of unaccounted money would not return to the system — arguably, the principal reason for the exercise — was almost wholly belied.
2.Second, given the sheer logistical difficulty in penalising all those who converted unaccounted money into legal tender, demonetisation worked as an unintended amnesty scheme.
3.Cashless modes of payment have become more common, but financial savings in the form of currency have also risen, suggesting that people still value cash.

Story of a leaking ship:
1.The ambition and scale can be imagined from the fact that the administration is said to be simultaneously working on readying supporting infrastructure that includes “air strips, jetty, helipads, Roll On/Roll Off (RORO) ferry and roads works”.
2.And there can also be no space for opposition because the plan is to “provide world class and sustainable tourism infrastructure with low environmental impact and provision for socio-economic involvement of local population” with the projects also conforming to internationally acknowledged benchmarking standards.
3.In its vision for achieving the grand and the ambitious, foundational and fundamental elements are being given the go-by and one cannot but ask whether the huge effort and the substantial human, planning and financial resources being spent for the tourism projects cannot be invested better and more productively?

Speeding up the adoption process:
1.Yet, an affidavit filed by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights shows that of 203 special adoption agencies audited, merely eight deserved positive reviews.
2.In the best interest of the child, it proposes to amend the Juvenile Justice Act to empower the District Magistrate, instead of the court, to issue adoption orders.
3.Subsection (2) of Section 61 of the Act provides that “the adoption proceedings shall be held in camera and the case shall be disposed of by the court within a period of two months from the date of filing the adoption.”

The shale gas challenge:
1.Acknowledging this challenge, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) issued a guideline on environment management during shale gas extraction, stating that “overall volume of fracture fluid is 5 to 10 times that of conventional hydraulic fracturing” and “the (fracturing) activities are likely to deplete water sources and cause pollution due to the disposal of flowback (produced) water.” However, the guideline falters and states that these challenges will be dealt while granting environmental clearances as per the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process.
2.As noted by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2017, while fracking, the shale fluid could possibly penetrate aquifers leading to methane poisoning of groundwater used for drinking and irrigational purposes.
3.Several researches conclude that such contamination can be controlled, if not avoided, provided a project proponent maintains a distance of 600 m between the aquifers and shale gas fracture zones.

Has India finally arrived on the sporting stage?:
1.With just two medals at the Rio Olympics in 2016, a silver and a bronze, behind solitary-gold achievers like Azerbaijan, Slovenia, Ivory Coast and Fiji, it is illogical to presume that we have arrived on the big stage of world sports.
2.For a country which is often described by its population figures in the sporting context — and rather misleadingly by commentators — the primary target when the Asian Games began was to better the last medal count.
3.There are several Indian athletes now who are in the forefront of various disciplines, but a critical factor on the assessment of the health of a sport is to measure how many players are waiting in the pipeline to knock him/her off that perch.

The fear of a black flag:
1.It is not a dharna, it is not a march or a public rally, and it doesn’t involve the narrative build-up of a rousing speech — all of which are legitimate means of protest protected under the Indian Constitution.
2.It is a form of protest that is available to the lone individual, to a citizen unaffiliated to any political party or group but who nonetheless wants to communicate her dissent to a representative of the state that she believes has grown deaf to her complaints.
3.Unlike a hunger strike, which, too, is a means of protest available to the individual, waving a black flag doesn’t even need publicity from the mass media to build pressure in favour of thedemands.

India and the U.S. — it’s complicated:
1.The momentum received a new impulse, thanks to the warmth between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President George W. Bush, eventually leading to the conclusion of the India-U.S. bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement in 2008.
2.Another step forward in the middle of this year was the inclusion of India in the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 (STA-1) category, putting it on a par with allies in terms of technology access.
3.In order to realise the Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region (2015), both countries will have to nurture the habit of talking and working together to diminish some of the prickliness in the partnership.

Pride and foreign aid:
1.The Central government’s decision to decline offers of humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and other concerned countries for Kerala , in the aftermath of the worst flood in the State in close to a century, is unfortunate.
2.Moreover, this decision, when read with the National Democratic Alliance government’s adversarial attitude towards foreign-funded NGO activism in the country, suggests a sense of insecurity and paranoia that hardly befits a rising power.
3.Dr. Singh had stated in the wake of the tsunami in December that year, “We feel that we can cope with the situation on our own and we will take their help if needed.” The practice thereafter has been to shun foreign aid during natural calamities because the government has been confident of “coping with the situation” using internal sources.

India will remain world’s fastest growing economy even if hit in next reading: Sanjeev Sanyal:
1.India’s economy grew at 8.2 per cent in the April-June quarter of 2018-19 on strong performance of manufacturing and agriculture sectors
2.”The year-on-year growth rate will be affected by the rise in the base in the next reading, but will still be a very strong number and India will remain the world’s fastest growing major economy,” Sanyal told .
3.”Therefore, GDP growth rate of 8.2 per cent year-on-year for first quarter of 2018-19 is an exceptionally strong growthperformance, even after allowing for the base effect,” Sanyaladded.

Tough negotiations ahead for RCEP:
1.Issues have been identified and will have to be negotiated hard as India steps forward to participate in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), an Indian business leader said here Saturday.
2.”A weakening Chinese currency is a big issue,” said Rashesh Shah, President of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci) on the sidelines of the ongoing meetings related to RCEP and ASEAN-India.
3.”India is looking at a lot of FTAs (free trade agreements) and RCEP very closely,” said Shah who is part of the series of meetings going on in Singapore this weekend.

Training program by NDMA on Landslide Mitigation and DPR Preparation organized at IIT Mandi:
1.A five-day training programme on ‘Landslide Mitigation and Detailed Project Report (DPR) Preparation’ concluded at IIT-Mandi successfully at Himachal Pradesh, yesterday (August 31, 2018).
2.He also emphasized upon the need for indigenous research and technologies to address the problem of our difficult terrain and provide low-cost solutions to meet local requirements.
3.Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and various departments such as Public Works Department (PWD), Directorate of Geology & Mineral Resources (DGM), State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs), Geological Survey of India (GSI) and others.

Binoy Kumar Assumes Charge of Secretary in Steel Ministry:
1.Binoy Kumar, IAS (TG:83) has taken over as Secretary, Ministry of Steel, Government of India, here today.
2.Prior to this, Binoy Kumar held the post of Special Secretary, Logistics, in the Department of Commerce, where he continued to hold additional charge till 31st July 2018.
3.He also held the post of Director General (Supplies & Disposals), where he developed the Government e-Marketplace (GeM) as a one-stop online public procurement platform, in line with the digital initiatives of the Government of India.

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