Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-02

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-02

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

The sedition debate:
1.The only dilution it mooted was to modify the wide gap between the two jail terms prescribed in the section (either three years or life) and fix the maximum sanction at seven years’ rigorous imprisonment with fine.
2.Under the present law, strong criticism against government policies and personalities, slogans voicing disapprobation of leaders and stinging depictions of an unresponsive or insensitive regime are all likely to be treated as ‘seditious’, and not merely those that overtly threaten public order or constitute actual incitement to violence.
3.In fact, so mindless have some prosecutions been in recent years that the core principle enunciated by the Supreme Court — that the incitement to violence or tendency to create public disorder are the essential ingredients of the offence — has been forgotten.

Submerging markets: on falling rupee value:
1.This happened despite a 15 percentage point increase in interest rates by Argentina’s central bank in order to stem the outflow of capital and shore up the value of the currency.
2.The tightening of liquidity in the West, with the U.S. Federal Reserve raising interest rates, has played a major role in the strengthening of the dollar since February this year.
3.Investors who earlier put their money in emerging markets have recently preferred American assets, which now yield higher returns.

Shocking negligence: on need for materio-vigilance:
1.Though it restricts its criticism to J&J, the report makes it clear that the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation also failed in its job of protecting Indian patients.
2.It began in 2006, when DePuy International Ltd., a subsidiary of J&J, registered three types of articular surface replacement implants with the CDSCO.
3.The company claims it had trouble tracking patients in India; of 4,700 implants done, only 1,032 recipients had been contacted till March 2017.

Money, money, money: on demonetisation:
1.First, the hope that a large chunk of unaccounted money would not return to the system — arguably, the principal reason for the exercise — was almost wholly belied.
2.Second, given the sheer logistical difficulty in penalising all those who converted unaccounted money into legal tender, demonetisation worked as an unintended amnesty scheme.
3.Cashless modes of payment have become more common, but financial savings in the form of currency have also risen, suggesting that people still value cash.

Story of a leaking ship:
1.The ambition and scale can be imagined from the fact that the administration is said to be simultaneously working on readying supporting infrastructure that includes “air strips, jetty, helipads, Roll On/Roll Off (RORO) ferry and roads works”.
2.And there can also be no space for opposition because the plan is to “provide world class and sustainable tourism infrastructure with low environmental impact and provision for socio-economic involvement of local population” with the projects also conforming to internationally acknowledged benchmarking standards.
3.In its vision for achieving the grand and the ambitious, foundational and fundamental elements are being given the go-by and one cannot but ask whether the huge effort and the substantial human, planning and financial resources being spent for the tourism projects cannot be invested better and more productively?

Speeding up the adoption process:
1.Yet, an affidavit filed by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights shows that of 203 special adoption agencies audited, merely eight deserved positive reviews.
2.In the best interest of the child, it proposes to amend the Juvenile Justice Act to empower the District Magistrate, instead of the court, to issue adoption orders.
3.Subsection (2) of Section 61 of the Act provides that “the adoption proceedings shall be held in camera and the case shall be disposed of by the court within a period of two months from the date of filing the adoption.”

The shale gas challenge:
1.Acknowledging this challenge, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) issued a guideline on environment management during shale gas extraction, stating that “overall volume of fracture fluid is 5 to 10 times that of conventional hydraulic fracturing” and “the (fracturing) activities are likely to deplete water sources and cause pollution due to the disposal of flowback (produced) water.” However, the guideline falters and states that these challenges will be dealt while granting environmental clearances as per the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process.
2.As noted by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2017, while fracking, the shale fluid could possibly penetrate aquifers leading to methane poisoning of groundwater used for drinking and irrigational purposes.
3.Several researches conclude that such contamination can be controlled, if not avoided, provided a project proponent maintains a distance of 600 m between the aquifers and shale gas fracture zones.

Has India finally arrived on the sporting stage?:
1.With just two medals at the Rio Olympics in 2016, a silver and a bronze, behind solitary-gold achievers like Azerbaijan, Slovenia, Ivory Coast and Fiji, it is illogical to presume that we have arrived on the big stage of world sports.
2.For a country which is often described by its population figures in the sporting context — and rather misleadingly by commentators — the primary target when the Asian Games began was to better the last medal count.
3.There are several Indian athletes now who are in the forefront of various disciplines, but a critical factor on the assessment of the health of a sport is to measure how many players are waiting in the pipeline to knock him/her off that perch.

The fear of a black flag:
1.It is not a dharna, it is not a march or a public rally, and it doesn’t involve the narrative build-up of a rousing speech — all of which are legitimate means of protest protected under the Indian Constitution.
2.It is a form of protest that is available to the lone individual, to a citizen unaffiliated to any political party or group but who nonetheless wants to communicate her dissent to a representative of the state that she believes has grown deaf to her complaints.
3.Unlike a hunger strike, which, too, is a means of protest available to the individual, waving a black flag doesn’t even need publicity from the mass media to build pressure in favour of thedemands.

India and the U.S. — it’s complicated:
1.The momentum received a new impulse, thanks to the warmth between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President George W. Bush, eventually leading to the conclusion of the India-U.S. bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement in 2008.
2.Another step forward in the middle of this year was the inclusion of India in the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 (STA-1) category, putting it on a par with allies in terms of technology access.
3.In order to realise the Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region (2015), both countries will have to nurture the habit of talking and working together to diminish some of the prickliness in the partnership.

Pride and foreign aid:
1.The Central government’s decision to decline offers of humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and other concerned countries for Kerala , in the aftermath of the worst flood in the State in close to a century, is unfortunate.
2.Moreover, this decision, when read with the National Democratic Alliance government’s adversarial attitude towards foreign-funded NGO activism in the country, suggests a sense of insecurity and paranoia that hardly befits a rising power.
3.Dr. Singh had stated in the wake of the tsunami in December that year, “We feel that we can cope with the situation on our own and we will take their help if needed.” The practice thereafter has been to shun foreign aid during natural calamities because the government has been confident of “coping with the situation” using internal sources.

Tax compliance improved after demonetisation: EAC-PM member Shamika Ravi:
1.Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) member Shamika Ravi has said the tax compliance has increased after demonetisation , though in hindsight it appears that the whole process could have been handled in a better manner.
2.Ravi, also a senior fellow at Brookings India, further said that there is a need for more tax rationalisation to reduce the compliance burden.
3.The rupee on Friday had slumped to a fresh record low of 71 against the dollar for the first time ever on persistent demand for the US currency amid rising crude prices.

Mechanism soon for speedy clearance to export consignments:
1.The revenue department is in the process of introducing a system of uploading digitally signed supporting documents at Air Cargo Complex (New Delhi) and Chennai Customs House to provide speedy clearance to export consignments.
2.This follow successful implementation of the paperless processing/eSANCHIT under single window interface for facilitation of trade in case of imports, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) said in a recent circular.
3.Initially, the facility for uploading the supporting documents for export consignments will be introduced on voluntary basis, and after a review, it would become mandatory requirement.

NITI Aayog’s MOVE Cyclathon draws massive participation, promotes clean mobility:
1.Hon’ble MoS Kiren Rijiju & Amitabh Kant, CEO NITI Aayog today flagged off MOVE Cyclathon, a cycle rally to promote cleaner, accessible modes of transport.
2.Cycling is the way to go for a healthier life & a less polluting city”, the CEO emphasized as he exhorted the young people of India to spread the message of a shared, connected, and zero-emission mobility in the country.
3.The Summit, which is the first of its kind, with over 1,200 participants expected from across the world including leaders from the government, industry, research organizations, academia, think tanks and civil society.

Vice President Greets People on the eve of Janmashtami:
1.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has greeted the people on the auspicious occasion of Janmashtami.
2.Celebrated with traditional fervour and enthusiasm, Janmashtami festival reminds us of the divine life of Lord Krishna and signifies the victory of good over evil.
3.The eternal message bestowed by Lord Krishna in the Bhagwad Geeta to perform our duties with sincerity without attachment to results has been a source of inspiration for entire humanity.

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