Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-04

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-04

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Medal meter: on India at Asian Games 2018:
1.As did Swapna Barman , who kept ahead of the pack to win gold in heptathlon even as she coped with a painful tooth infection and shoes far from ideal for her six-toed feet.
2.The fact that one woman swimmer from Japan, Rikako Ikee, who was adjudged as the Asiad’s Most Valuable Player, could win six golds gives a fair idea of where India stands.
3.Hope of this equation changing rests on Chopra, who could excel in global events in the years to come, and perhaps on under-20 world champion Hima Das, whose time of 50.79s got her the 400m silver.

Beyond uniformity: on ruling out a uniform civil code:
1.The Commission rightly points out that the present age of 21 for men merely affirms the stereotype that the wife should be younger.
2.The thrust of the Law Commission’s report is founded on the idea that “the mere existence of difference does not imply discrimination, but is indicative of a robust democracy.” Changes have been mooted to give equal treatment to children and parents of any gender in guardianship and adoption matters.
3.However, in a world that increasingly heeds cultural diversity, it is unnecessary that every aspect of personal law should be dealt with in exactly the same manner.

When the levee breaks: on preparing better for weather calamities:
1.Studies by Sarah Anderson and colleagues show that such extreme events, which are high impact but have a low probability of occurrence, lead to managerial responses that may be ineffective, can be maladaptive, and may in fact result in worsening the problems.
2.The 2010 Pakistan floods were caused by unprecedented rainfall along with sudden changes in the flow location of the Indus, which occurred due to the breach of the Tori Bund, a levee built upstream to contain the river water.
3.Scientists give the example of Boa Vista, in Brazil, where aggressive efforts launched after one patient was found to be infected with the dengue virus led to rapid and widespread increase in insecticide resistance in the region.

The impact of the river linking project:
1.Fertile deltas will be under threat, with coastal erosion expected to threaten the land and livelihoods of local economies that support 160 million people.
2.Four researchers from the University of Colorado sought to fill critical knowledge gaps in the understanding of the impact of the project: reduction in river discharge due to extensive canal works, and silt trapping in newer reservoirs and barrages.
3.“Rare ecosystems and vital agricultural areas would become more vulnerable to storm surges, river flooding, and heightened salinity… the system will push the deltas further in the wrong direction,” warns the study.

The bedaquiline boost:
1.The formal review of the 2016 WHO guidelines was prompted by evidence of effectiveness and safety of drugs from several clinical trials, observational studies, and programmatic implementation of new regimens to treat MDR-TB patients.
2.The company has committed to offer the drug at $400 to India, over 50% cheaper than the earlier price of $900 negotiated with the government two years ago.
3.With the drug becoming cheaper, and its effectiveness and safety now proven, India should waste little time to make the switch to treat all MDR-TB patients with bedaquiline.

Still too many children out of school:
1.Recently, we completed a study on the extent, location (rural/urban), and distribution by social and religious groups of out-of-school children in the Fatuha and Bihta blocks of Patna district in Bihar.
2.Analysing the data collected from these two blocks, we found that the most important reason for boys to drop out of school was to take up jobs to supplement the family earning; for girls, it was the compulsion to participate in household work.
3.Muchkund Dubey is President, Ashok Pankaj is Director, and Susmita Mitra is Assistant Professor of the Council for Social Development, New Delhi

Green shoots of revival: on BIMSTEC summit:
1.The road to the fourth summit of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in Kathmandu, Nepal, last week was marked by scepticism and hope.
2.As to the debit side of the balance sheet, it should be noted that of at least six legal instruments awaiting finalisation, only one, the Memorandum of Understanding on Grid Interconnection, could be inked in Kathmandu.
3.The Thai Prime Minister bravely urged participants to accept making BIMSTEC a Free Trade Zone by 2021 as “our common goal”, but this did not find a place in the summit declaration.

‘It was the most dangerous nuclear situation’:
1.Mr. Hersh, in his book on Henry Kissinger, The Price of Power , alleged that there was a mole in Indira Gandhi’s cabinet in the person of Morarji Desai who, he claimed, was paid $20,000 per year by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
2.Mr. Hersh writes: “There was a very dark side to the secrecy: Khan was also a murderous despot whose army slaughtered anywhere from 500,000 to 3 million of his own people in suppressing a secessionist revolt in late March 1971 in what was then East Pakistan.
3.The then Defence Secretary, Donald Rumsfeld, had even asked the American military command in Stuttgart to begin drawing up an operation plan for the invasion of Syria, which the general refused to do.

The nature of dissent:
1.This has grown to such an extent that when faculty members dissent about unlawful hiring practices, they face harassment and suspension.
2.First, its relation to non-violence, a principle which is so integral to the unique Indian practices of dissent from ancient times to Gandhi and Ambedkar.
3.Any of us, particularly the more well-off population, who support any government which wants to use its power to stop dissent of those who are suffering from injustice of various kinds are being used as partners in this unethical action.

India’s FY19 growth to moderate after strong start: Report:
1.According to official data, the Indian economy grew at a two-year high of 8.2 per cent in the April-June quarter of current fiscal on good show by manufacturing and farm sectors.
2.”Strong growth conditions provide room for the RBI to defend core inflationary pressures and market volatility through further policy tightening,” the report said, adding that the firm retains its “call for another hike in FY19”.
3.In its August policy review, RBI raised benchmark short-term lending rate (repo) by 25 basis points to 6.5 per cent citing inflationary concerns.

8.2% GDP growth an outcome of reforms taken by Govt:CII:
1.NEW DELHI: The 8.2 per cent economic growth in the first quarter of 2018-19 is an outcome of key reforms like GST and liberalisation of FDI norms initiated by the government, CII said Tuesday.
2.Mittal noted that GST, reforms in Ease of Doing Business, FDI, labour, agriculture, and many other initiatives aimed at improving the overall investment climate and productivity have begun to show impact.
3.”A few external challenges remain, in the form of oil prices and hardening interest rates in the US, but our domestic strengths are robust enough to ensure that India would ride over any bumps on the road,” Mittal said.

President of India delivers address at University of Cyprus; says pursuit of excellence should inspire minds of future generations:
1.The world of technology, start-ups, innovations, new ideas, digital assistants, clean energy and pasta straws would reorient our daily lives in an unbelievable manner.
2.By adding sustainability to development, by preserving forests, respecting ecology and by adopting clean energy options, we can tackle climate change.
3.India deeply appreciates the strong condemnation of terrorist acts by Cyprus and looks forward to closely working with it to defeat and destroy terrorism.

President’s greetings on the eve of Teachers’ Day:
1.We are very fortunate and blessed as a civilization to have always had, since time immemorial, great gurus who have led seekers of truth to their goal.
2.Today, on Teachers’ Day, we remember the lasting contributions made by the former President, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, an eminent scholar and educationist.
3.Let us pray, on this auspicious day, that our Gurus continue to help and guide us, individually and collectively, in building a nation and world defined by wisdom, peace and harmony”.

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