Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-07

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-07

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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The right to love: on Section 377 verdict:
1.When those affected by the 2013 verdict approached the Supreme Court, it was referred to a larger Bench to reconsider Koushal .
2.In National Legal Services Authority (2014), a case concerning the rights of transgender people, the court ruled that there could be no discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
3.Justice Indu Malhotra strikes a poignant note when she says history owes an apology to the LGBTQ community for the delay in providing the redress.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/the-right-to-love/article24885401.ece

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Pieces of land: on land redistribution in South Africa:
1.But President Cyril Ramaphosa, a former business tycoon and trade union leader, faces the delicate task of making good on the constitutional principle of land “expropriation without compensation”, not undermining the right to private property.
2.The annual growth rate is poor, and unemployment hovers around 25%, even as the country comes to terms with the role of top African National Congress leaders in the loot of its natural wealth.
3.His bold initiatives as President have seen the return of competent Ministers sacked by his predecessor, manoeuvres to revive investor confidence and restoration of an independent prosecutor’s office.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/pieces-of-land/article24885409.ece

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Is Punjab’s proposed blasphemy law retrograde?:
1.The 2016 Bill was a desperate move by a beleaguered SAD-led coalition government to somehow pacify the Sikh community, deeply traumatised by the dastardly incidents of desecration of the Guru Granth Sahib in Punjab in late 2015, which led to police firing on the protesters, resulting in deaths.
2.The introduction of the amended Bill by the Congress has coincided with the government’s decision to compensate the victims of the firing and also table the report of the Justice Ranjit Singh Commission, which was constituted to probe into the incidents of sacrilege and the consequent police action.
3.Chief Minister Amarinder Singh needs to be careful even if he is burdened with the failure to fulfil his lofty electoral promises and tasked to offer results to a desperate Congress high command in the 2019 elections, just like in 2017.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/is-punjabs-proposed-blasphemy-law-retrograde/article24886230.ece

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Is Punjab’s proposed blasphemy law retrograde?:
1.The 2016 Bill was a desperate move by a beleaguered SAD-led coalition government to somehow pacify the Sikh community, deeply traumatised by the dastardly incidents of desecration of the Guru Granth Sahib in Punjab in late 2015, which led to police firing on the protesters, resulting in deaths.
2.The introduction of the amended Bill by the Congress has coincided with the government’s decision to compensate the victims of the firing and also table the report of the Justice Ranjit Singh Commission, which was constituted to probe into the incidents of sacrilege and the consequent police action.
3.Chief Minister Amarinder Singh needs to be careful even if he is burdened with the failure to fulfil his lofty electoral promises and tasked to offer results to a desperate Congress high command in the 2019 elections, just like in 2017.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/is-punjabs-proposed-blasphemy-law-retrograde/article24884399.ece

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For a world free of chemical weapons:
1.The Authority’s functions include regulation and monitoring the development, production, processing, consumption, transfer or use of toxic chemicals or precursors as specified in the Convention, among others.
2.Section 16 of the original Act contains provisions for restriction on transfer of any toxic chemical or precursor.
3.This has been amended to provide that no person shall transfer to, or receive from, a state which is not a party to the Convention any toxic chemicals.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/for-a-world-free-of-chemical-weapons/article24884406.ece

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Sexual equality affirmed: on the Section 377 verdict:
1.A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in a concurring judgment ruled that sex between two consenting adults of the same gender is no longer a criminal offence.
2.While India’s highest court has in the past ruled on many important issues ranging from civil liberties to property rights, it would be difficult to match this one verdict for its immediate impact on the lives of Indians.
3.A second feature is that the movement to get Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code struck down has not been so male dominated here, with a far greater presence of women than was historically the case in the West.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/sexual-equality-affirmed/article24885395.ece

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Ending TB:
1.Elimination, which means reducing the number to one case per million people per year, will be impossible without universal, equitable access to affordable, quality TB diagnostics and treatment for anyone who needs it.
2.India has fought to retain its status as a maker and distributor of generic medicines, thereby protecting the right to health of people in developing countries.
3.Unless India assumes a leadership role to restore every possible option to protect universal access to TB drugs in the Political Declaration, 2018 may end up being just another brick in the wall.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/ending-tb/article24884403.ece

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In parenting, what is Nature Deficit Disorder?:
1.The disorder has been attributed to the exaggerated fears of overprotective parents who want to keep their children safe from dangers in the natural world.
2.The availability of electronic devices, which discourage children from going out, has also been seen as a major reason for the problem.
3.The term was coined by American writer Richard Louv in his 2005 book Last Child in the Woods .
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/in-parenting-what-is-nature-deficit-disorder/article24884404.ece

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For all that we may become: on the Section 377 verdict:
1.For all the lines of the 2009 Delhi High Court verdict (colloquially called the Naz judgment), the one that stayed with me the longest was perhaps an aside to the main point about reading down Section 377.
2.The High Court had said: “While recognising the unique worth of each person, the Constitution does not presuppose that the holder of rights is an isolated, lonely and abstract figure possessing a disembodied and socially disconnected self.
3.Listed immediately after us in the Chief Justice’s court was the next hearing in Romila Thapar , the petition challenging the continuing house arrest of activists under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, a law that defines the many ways in which we are willing to sacrifice our civil liberties.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/for-all-that-we-may-become/article24885398.ece

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Sugar millers ask govt to allow spit payment of FRP:
1.The Central government has started a monthly sugar release mechanism allocating a quota to each mill coupled with a minimum selling price of Rs 29/kg ex-mill.
2.Though the measures have kept domestic prices firm at about Rs 30/kg at mill gates, it has also led to an accumulation of sugar stocks in the country.
3.At a recent meeting in Pune, sugar millers from Maharashtra sought permission to make FRP payment in two or three instalments, as was the case before 2009.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/agriculture/sugar-millers-ask-govt-to-allow-spit-payment-of-frp/articleshow/65719281.cms

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Centre planning to cut GST slabs to two from the present five, says top tax official:
1.The thinking is guided by the fact that 90% of the taxes come under the 18% rate slab, he said, delivering the inaugural address at Workshop on GST: Practical Requirements and Challenges organised by Bangalore Chamber of Industry and Commerce (BCIC) today.
2.The Principal Chief Commissioner said by a word of caution: “There is an impression that tax assessees can get away by not complying with GST law in the garb that the Department is still using manual methods.
3.BCIC president Kishore Alva said despite a few drawbacks the industry is facing due to the new tax legislation, the business community must celebrate the landmark reform.”
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/centre-planning-to-cut-gst-slabs-to-two-from-the-present-five-says-top-tax-official/articleshow/65718396.cms

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Indian Railways undertakes various IT initiatives to improve train operations and provide better passenger experience:
1.Indian Railways has always focussed on adoption of new technologies to improve train operations and provide better passenger experience to its customers.
2.Apart from the capacity, the entire user experience has been improved substantially with the launch a new interface with easier navigation and standard views that enable the passengers to transact smoothly.
3.Complete tendering activity of Indian Railways for procurement of goods, services & works and e-auction of scrap sale is on IREPS.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183326

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Board Members of USIBC call on PM:
1.They briefed the Prime Minister on the outcomes of the India Idea Forum held in Mumbai earlier this week.
2.The business leaders expressed their desire to prepare a roadmap to achieve the target of $ 500 billion in bilateral trade and expand meaningfully their CSR activities in India.
3.Interacting with the members, the Prime Minister mentioned various reforms undertaken by the Government of India.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183325

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