Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-10

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-10

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Cloudy forecast: on climate change:
1.Obstructing the transition to a carbon-neutral pathway and preserving the status quo is short-sighted, simply because the losses caused by weather events are proving severely detrimental to all economies.
2.By trying to stall climate justice to millions of poor people in vulnerable countries, the developed nations are refusing to accept their responsibility for historical emissions of GHGs.
3.Those emissions raised living standards for their citizens but contributed heavily to the accumulated carbon dioxide burden, now measured at about 410 parts per million of CO2 in the atmosphere, up from 280 ppm before the industrial revolution.

Bail over jail: on due process:
1.Tamil Nadu was witness to another high-profile example of this recently, when a student was arrested and remanded to 15 days judicial custody (before eventually being let off on bail) for political sloganeering on an aircraft; the complaint was filed by the BJP’s State president.
2.The recent and shocking arrests of activists , over their alleged links to Maoists, have focussed attention on the severe restrictions on bail when booked under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
3.If the Supreme Court decides that justice will be secured only by its intervention in the case, it will probably be forced to invoke its extraordinary powers under Article 142 of the Constitution, another reminder of the need to break the customary chain of arrest, custody and remand.

Section 377: A greater transformation:
1.The opinion of the Chief Justice of India , Dipak Misra, invoked Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Arthur Schopenhauer and John Stuart Mill to stress the right to develop one’s individuality against the demands of social conformity.
2.In the context of LGBTQ persons — where the struggle is often to assert one’s personhood in an isolating, ostracising environment in which heterosexuality is the norm — this constitutional protection given to intimate choices against the dictates of societal conformity cannot be overstated.
3.In a time when lynchings have become the order of the day and government remains a mute spectator, the role that the judiciary has to play in safeguarding the right to life of minorities of all stripes and hues cannot be overstated.

Why not Dalit?:
1.Now, the confusion has become more pronounced with the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance government issuing an advisory to the media saying they “may refrain” from using the word Dalit, based on an order by the Nagpur Bench of the Bombay High Court.
2.Previously, the Madhya Pradesh High Court had stated that it would “have no manner of doubt” that the government would “refrain from using the nomenclature ‘Dalit’ for the members belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as the same does not find mention in the Constitution of India or any statute.” This has caused hurt among the Dalits, who feel that the term is not offensive or violative of any law, and that such an advisory is not based on sound reasoning.
3.The word Dalit denotes the pain of all those who suffered because of the caste system; it defines their identity to launch struggles based on Ambedkar’s slogan: Educate, Organise and Agitate.

Too close for comfort? On the India-U.S. 2+2 meeting:
1.The inaugural round of the 2+2 Dialogue is therefore ‘advantage U.S.’ While carefully analysing the outcomes of the talks and the future direction of India-U.S. relations, it is difficult to get overjoyed by heart-warming American phrases like “India is a consequential emerging partner” or Washington naming and shaming Pakistan.
2.Second, Washington seeks to impose the punitive provisions of a U.S. federal law called Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) on countries dealing with Russian defence and intelligence sectors, making it difficult for India to buy the much-needed S-400 missile system.
3.DoD will, in cases when time and circumstances permit, notify MND [Republic of Korea’s Ministry for Defence] in advance in those instances when access by authorized US personnel is considered necessary.” (Emphasis added.)

13 SEZ developers, units seek more time to implement projects:
1.As many as 13 SEZ developers and units including G P Realtors, JBF Petrochemicals and Aurobindo Pharma have sought more time from the commerce ministry to implement their projects.
2.The other developers and units which want more time include Golden Tower Infratech, Kumar Builders Township Ventures, Q3 Infotech, Temple Packaging, Benzo Chem Industries and Helios Photo Voltaic, among others.
3.The developers and units of these zones enjoy certain fiscal and non-fiscal incentives such as no licence requirement for import; full freedom for subcontracting; and no routine examination by customs authorities of export/import cargo.

Group of secretaries on e-commerce to meet on September 13:
1.It stated that online retail firms may have to store user data exclusively in India in view of security and privacy concerns.
2.It also said that any group company of an online retailer or marketplace may not be allowed to directly or indirectly influence the price or sale of products and services on its platform, a move that could completely restrict e-tailers from giving deep discounts.
3.In the context of international trade negotiations, policy space for granting preferential treatment and imposing customs duties on e- transmission to digital items created in India will be retained.

Opening Ceremony: Bay of Bengal initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation  (BIMSTEC),:
1.Major General Sanjeev Sharma, General Officer Commanding, Golden Katar Division, Chief Guest for the Opening Ceremony, reviewed the Parade, in presence of number of Officers and officials of participating nations.
2.The aim of the forthcoming exercise is to practice the BIMSTEC Nations in planning and conduct of counter terrorist operations.
3.The exercise schedule is focused upon learning of best practices, team building & special tactical level operations in a counter-terrorist environment in semi urban setting.

228 National Awards will be given for outstanding works in RD schemes tomorrow:
1.To recognize the outstanding works carried out by the States, Districts, Blocks, organizations and Individuals in implementation of various Programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development in 2017-18 and to instill healthy competition among them for better implementation and performance in future, the Ministry of Rural Development is organizing a National Awards Function on 11 th September, 2018 to be given by Union Minister for Rural Development, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar.
2.West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh are the best performers under the category convergence and livelihood augmentation in MGNREGS during the year 2017-18 while Mizoram State has maximum percentage of work completion against the targeted works.
3.To promote social harmony, spread awareness about pro-poor initiatives of government, and reach out to poor households to enrol them in 7 flagship progammes – Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (for LPG connection), Saubhagya Yojana (electricity connection), Ujala Yojana (for distribution of LED bulbs), opening of bank accounts (PM Jan DhanYojana – PMJDY), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana – PMSBY (life insurance cover), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana – PMJJBY (for accident cover), and Mission Indra-Dhanush – MI (vaccination of pregnant women and children) – Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (GSA) from 14 th April, 2018 to 5 th May, 2018 (16,850 villages in 533 districts) and Extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (EGSA) from 1 st June, 2018 to 15 th August, 2018 (48,929 villages in 117 Aspirational Districts plus identified villages / districts from West Bengal and Karnataka which could not be covered under GSA due to Panchayat and Assembly Elections respectively) were organized.

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