Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-11

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-11

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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The old and the new: the U.S. Open:
1.On Sunday, Novak Djokovic became that third man , defeating Argentine Juan Martin del Potro, for his third U.S. Open title at Flushing Meadows.
2.Coming after his triumphant return at Wimbledon in July, the latest success is evidence enough that technically, tactically and physically Djokovic is back to his best.
3.There has been a first-time winner in four of the past six Grand Slam tournaments, and 20-year-old Naomi Osaka added to the eclectic mix by becoming the first Japanese to win a Major .
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/the-old-and-the-new/article24919119.ece

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Clemency question: The Rajiv Gandhi assassination case:
1.After failing to get the seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case released by exercising its statutory power to remit life sentences, the AIADMK government in Tamil Nadu has taken recourse to a possible constitutional remedy.
2.The moot question is whether he will pause to consider the Centre’s opinion against releasing those involved in a “diabolical plot” hatched by “a highly organised foreign terrorist organisation” and either reject the proposal or seek its reconsideration.
3.When lifelong imprisonment is regarded as a humane alternative to capital punishment, releasing life convicts may only strengthen the demand for the imposition of the death penalty — which would be retrograde.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/clemency-question/article24919118.ece

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The importance of the Bahujan Samaj Party:
1.It is curious that in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan, where Assembly elections will be held by December, political debates are largely centred on the BJP and the Congress.
2.In fact, Kanshi Ram, the founder of the BSP, understood the potential for Dalit politics that lies in these regions and contested his first parliamentary election from Janjgir in 1984.
3.The BSP’s recent experience in Karnataka, where it tied up with the Janata Dal (Secular), and its success in forging an understanding with the Samajwadi Party for the Uttar Pradesh bypolls indicate a change of mind.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-importance-of-the-bahujan-samaj-party/article24918991.ece

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Understanding Serena:
1.Once the raging emotions surrounding one of the most controversial Grand Slam finals in recent history settle down, it is worth examining the events that transpired between Serena Williams and the chair umpire, Carlos Ramos, at the 2018 U.S. Open.
2.Williams was ultimately awarded a game penalty at the most crucial juncture of the match and went on to lose the championship to Naomi Osaka.
3.As an African-American woman from Compton playing in a sport whose roots are affluent and white, she has been at the receiving end of unfair treatment on several occasions: from her “unfeminine physique” being assessed as an advantage, to being drug-tested more than many players.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/understanding-serena/article24918593.ece

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The one who reached out to China: On Atal Bihari Vajpayee:
1.Simultaneously, try to resolve the border dispute through dialogue and by ruling out the use of force to change the status quo along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
2.An important upshot of the visit was the decision to fast-track the talks on the border dispute by initiating the framework of Special Representatives of the two Prime Ministers driving the dialogue.
3.Accordingly, Vajpayee’s trusted National Security Adviser Brajesh Mishra and China’s State Councillor Dai Bingguo were appointed as the two special representatives.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-one-who-reached-out-to-china/article24918999.ece

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How gamblers can save science:
1.Many critics of the scientific establishment have even blamed the nature of academia, which they liken to a medieval guild dominated by a small group of elites calling the shots, for this crisis.
2.A rebel scientist, for instance, could sell shares in his unpopular idea that has been rejected by universities to interested investors.
3.Camerer et al tried to replicate the findings of 21 studies published in the world’s top two scientific journals — Nature and Science .
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/how-gamblers-can-save-science/article24918601.ece

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What is the ‘Bullwhip Effect’ in Business?:
1.This refers to a phenomenon wherein small changes in consumer demand for a product at the retail stage can cause exponentially larger changes in the demand experienced by other members of the supply chain.
2.This happens due to errors in forecasting demand across the supply chain of a product.
3.The idea was first proposed by American computer scientist Jay Wright Forrester in his 1961 book Industrial Dynamics .
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-the-bullwhip-effect-in-business/article24918600.ece

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Cause for caution: On India’s GDP growth:
1.These include the depreciating rupee, rising bank bad loans, or non-performing assets (NPAs), a trade deficit that has shot up to a five-year high, and retail fuel prices that are inching up every day.
2.It is too early to conclude if rural distress — to address which the Narendra Modi government announced budgetary support — has ended or reduced significantly.
3.Government salary and pension hikes including at the State level are feeding this consumption spree that is funded by taxpayer money and has remained unaffected by the sharp surge in retail fuel prices.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/cause-for-caution/article24919132.ece

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Much must change in Kerala:
1.Kerala has justifiably been identified as having carved out a niche, and not just in India but globally, as a society with high human development at a relatively low level of income.
2.When we have it upon the word of Madhav Gadgil — who may be considered India’s ecological voice and has studied the Kerala topography and its alteration — that human action may have exacerbated the consequences of the unusually heavy rain this year, we would be advised to hear the message.
3.Now with the new challenge of ecological sustainability arising, government — by which is meant the entire public sector — needs to assume accountability for the depletion of natural capital.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/much-must-change-in-kerala/article24919127.ece

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RBI circular deserved to be stayed: Advocate Abhishek Singhvi:
1.NEW DELHI: Advocate Abhishek Singhvi said the controversial circular of the Reserve Bank on stressed assets deserved to be stayed because it was a blanket approach without regard to individual facts and circumstances.
2.Even the HC order impugned by us recorded 6-7 findings in favour of writ petitioner but did not grant interim relief so I argued that it was a case of operation successful but patient must die,” Singhvi told ET.
3.Private power companies , bank employees, textile associations had filed about a dozen cases against the controversial circular in various high courts.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/rbi-circular-deserved-to-be-stayed-advocate-abhishek-singhvi/articleshow/65767845.cms

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Fuel tax cut unlikely as Centre projects Rs 30,000 crore revenue hit:
1.NEW DELHI: As Andhra Pradesh joined Rajasthan in reducing VAT on petrol and diesel , the Centre on Monday seemed to be holding out against a cut in taxes amid rising pressure, with officials indicating that the government did not want its welfare schemes to suffer for want of revenue.
2.While opposition parties supported the Congress-called Bharat bandh , BJP blamed global factors for the rise in pump prices of petrol and diesel.
3.In its assessment, a cut in duties will hit the rupee as well as interest rates due to the fallout on the bond market and leave a far deeper dent than a revenue loss of Rs 28,000-30,000 crore.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/finance/fuel-tax-cut-unlikely-as-centre-projects-rs-30000-crore-revenue-hit/articleshow/65765349.cms

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Divyang-Friendly Measures need to be Integrated at Planning Stage for Ensuring Inclusive Growth in Smart Cities in India: Hardeep Puri:
1.Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs ( I/C), has stressed on the need for integrating divyang-friendly measures in various projects being implemented in the Smart Cities in India.
2.Addressing the participants, Shri Puri said that the feedback emanating from such stakeholders’ interactions will be sent to the CEOs and project managers of the Smart Cities to be incorporated in their plans .
3.He pointed out that the “Clause 40-48 of the VIIIth Chapter of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 also mandates making all buildings, services and products accessible giving definite timelines for implementation and retrofitting.”
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183389

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The government is providing subsidy on crop residue management machinery to farmers:
1.While addressing National Conference on “Potential of Waste in Energy Generation and its Challenges” organized by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare and Indian Federation of Green Energy (IFGE) today he emphasized the need to eliminate pollution caused by the burning of crop residues and said that the poisonous gas generated by it affects human health and destroys soil nutrients.
2.He further informed that the management of crop residue in the field will help the soil become more fertile thereby resulting in savings of Rs 2000 per hectare from the farmer’s manure cost.
3.The Minister said that the Agricultural Engineering Division of the ICAR has done remarkable works in the area of bio-energy for biogas production from paddy straw biomass.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183388

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