Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-13

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-13

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Sage advice:
1.It is debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries.
2.But the political class has chosen to turn a deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will invariably be waived off.
3.It is a comment on the state of our polity that despite the important issues that Mr. Rajan raised, political parties have chosen to pick only the points that are convenient to them — about the period when these bad loans were made and the purported inaction over a list of high-profile fraud cases highlighted by him.

Uganda’s new hope:
1.On the surface, the Museveni government may have created the illusion that it has smoothed over the violent episode, yet there is an open challenge from Bobi Wine that could shake the ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM) to its very core.
2.Social media is also making it harder for the Museveni regime to keep facts hidden — starkly evidenced in the way images of Bobi Wine, lying apparently bruised and beaten on a hospital bed, went viral and stoked anger across the country.
3.In this brave new world of information connectivity, Bobi Wine and his ilk have a chance to focus attention on the pressing challenges that Uganda faces, including high unemployment rates, lack of economic opportunities, and rising crime.

What is ‘Arbitrage’ in Finance?:
1.Commodities and financial securities are the most common assets which are targeted by swift speculators looking for profits.
2.There is usually at least some risk involved in the process of arbitrage as the price of the asset could change drastically during the time when the speculator holds the asset, imposing huge losses on him.
3.It has been argued that arbitrage helps to allocate assets to their most urgent needs of society, thus improving economic efficiency.

Prison of patriarchy: Why India’s female workforce participation is so low:
1.While the video of this speech provoked outrage when it leaked on social media, the truth is that Mr. Kadam was only describing in crude terms the reality of marriage for a large percentage of Indian women, where usually the preferred form of spousal captivity is financial.
2.Also, counter-intuitively, this phenomenon is far more significant in higher income demographics, implying that the richer the family is, the lower the chances that they allow women to pursue a career.
3.The Supreme Court has set a benchmark of 25% of a husband’s net salary as a “just and proper” amount for alimony, leaving divorced women with full custody of the children at a quarter of the family income.

Paying at the pump: the causes and consequences of soaring fuel prices:
1.According to the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), petrol hit a record high of ₹88.26 per litre on September 11 in Mumbai, where fuel prices are the highest among India’s four major metros.
2.When consumers end up facing higher fuel bills for using their petrol-powered two-wheelers or cars, and are also unsure of how the overall increase in the cost of living is going to impact their monthly budgets, they are likely to curtail non-essential consumption expenditure.
3.Given the extent to which Central and State taxes inflate the final fuel prices paid by consumers, the governments have the option of trimming excise duty and VAT, even if this would entail foregoing some revenue in the short-term.

Rajiv Gandhi assassination: The seven convicts have suffered enough:
1.In our system of parliamentary democracy, which we have borrowed from the U.K., the Governor is much like the King of the U.K., a constitutional head who has to act not at his or her own discretion, but on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
2.No doubt it has been held in Maru Ram’s case and other subsequent judgments of the Supreme Court that the Governor’s act of granting pardon is subject to judicial review and can be struck down if it is arbitrary or mala fide.
3.But can it be said that if the Tamil Nadu Governor grants pardon to the seven convicts on the basis of the recommendation of the State government, he will be acting in an arbitrary or mala fide manner?

Dam disclosures: on the Kerala floods:
1.But the government officials failed to heed repeated pleas from different research organisations, including the Periyar Samrakshana Samithi, for a controlled release of water from this dam.
2.The missing water level data of Kakki dam in the Pampa river system from the public domain is conspicuous as there has been a lot of hue and cry over its management.
3.With environmental experts and scientists suggesting that floods of this nature would no longer be a once-in-a-lifetime phenomenon, it is imperative to understand the real cause of the calamity and plug the gaps at the earliest.

An education that is in sync:
1.Just after Independence, a commission comprising educationists from India, the U.K. and the U.S., and chaired by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, was formed “to report on Indian University Education and suggest improvements and extensions that may be desirable to suit present and future requirements of the country”.
2.One is immediately struck by the importance attached to the integration of Sciences, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine and humanities in university teaching in both the RCR and NAP reports.
3.As in the NAP’s report, the purpose of higher education is to prepare graduates for work and life, as well as active and engaged citizenship — achieved only through the acquisition of knowledge, skills and competencies related to the profession they chose to specialise in and also written and oral communication skills, ability to work as a team, ethical decision making, critical thinking, and ability to apply knowledge in real world settings.

Drawing a curtain on the past:
1.“To divorce one from the other,” he said, “is to defeat the very purpose of democracy.” Now, 71 years after Independence, these values that Ambedkar saw as integral to India’s republic, find new meaning in a remarkable judgment of the Supreme Court in Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India .
2.Its decision in cases concerning the entry of women into the Sabarimala temple, on the practice of female genital mutilation of minor girls in the Dawoodi Bohra community, on the validity of the Indian Penal Code’s adultery law, will all prove telling.
3.Ultimately, therefore, the true value of Navtej Singh Johar will only be seen when the court sees this theory as integral to its ability to judge clashes between the naked power of the state and personal liberty, to cases such as the challenge to the Aadhaar programme, which seek to reverse the transformation that the Constitution brings.

Exim Bank expects merchandise, non-oil exports to grow over 12% in Q2 FY’19:
1.NEW DELHI: Export-Import Bank of India ( Exim Bank ) expects India’s merchandise exports as well as non-oil exports to grow over 12 per cent in the second quarter of the ongoing financial year .While the merchandise exports are likely to grow 12.3 per cent in September quarter, non-oil exports may witness 12.4 per cent growth during the period, Exim Bank said in a statement.
2.The forecast is based on Exim Bank’s Export Leading Index (ELI), which continued to show a positive growth momentum.
3.ELI gauges the outlook for exports and is essentially developed as a leading indicator to forecast growth in total merchandise and non-oil exports of the country, on a quarterly basis, Exim Bank said.

Poultry consumption in VIIP countries outperform global growth: Report:
1.Umesh Madhavan, Analyst of Consumer Foods at Rabobank, said, “In Vietnam, India, Indonesia and the Philippines, consumption preferences are increasingly gearing towards snacking and convenience.
2.However, supply-side factors such as increased competition in the processing industry and cheaper imports threaten to tighten margins for local VIIP poultry producers.
3.For example, chicken fast-food kiosk chains appear well-suited to win in the changing consumption landscape of VIIP as they tick all the boxes when it comes to accessibility, infrastructure and direct consumer interaction.”

Secondary Steel Sector Awarded for contribution to National Economy:
1.The awards were given by Union Minister of Steel, Chaudhary Birender Singh, at a function in New Delhi.
2.The Minister further added that in the context of India’s aim to create a globally competitive steel industry the secondary steel sector has to play an important role along with integrated steel players in order to achieve 300 million tonne capacity by the year 2030-31.
3.Steel contributes to over 2% to India’s GDP and creates a virtuous cycle of employment generation throughout the economy.

Ganesh Chaturthi is a symbol of our national and cultural unity: Vice President:
1.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that Ganesh Chaturthi is a symbol of our national and cultural unity.
2.The Vice President said that Lord Ganesh is revered as an embodiment of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune in our country.
3.Starting a good work in the auspicious name of Lord Ganesh is always considered lucky and propitious by people of our country, he added.

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