Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-18

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-18

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Saving rivers:
1.Managing sewage requires steady funding of treatment plants for all urban agglomerations that discharge their waste into rivers, and also reliable power supply.
2.Moreover, with low priority accorded to enforcement of laws by the SPCBs and Pollution Control Committees — something that is unlikely to change quickly — the immediate plan should be to expand the supply of treatment plants.
3.A 2013 World Bank study estimated that environmental degradation is costing India at least $80 billion a year, of which losses to rivers form a significant part.

Himalayan divide: on the drift in India-Nepal ties:
1.India’s explanation that it had broached the issue with BIMSTEC members directly did not cut much ice with Kathmandu; even the contingent from Thailand did not join the counter-terror exercises because of lack of adequate notice.
2.Despite New Delhi signalling its discomfiture with the volume of Chinese investment in hydropower and infrastructure and transport projects, Nepal went ahead recently and finalised an ambitious connectivity proposal that will eventually link Kathmandu to Shigatse by rail; this will give Nepali goods access to Chinese sea-ports at Tianjin, Shenzhen, Lianyungang and Zhanjiang, and land ports in Lanzhou, Lhasa and Shigatse.
3.At such a time, the Army chief, General Bipin Rawat’s statement on BIMSTEC, that “geography” will ensure that countries like Bhutan and Nepal “cannot delink themselves” from India, could have been avoided; such comments unnerve India’s smaller neighbours and are misleading.

When Dravidianism and Hindutva met:
1.That Naidu’s brief dalliance with Hindu communalism — notwithstanding his principled resignation from the Sabha in 1945 — destroyed his political career and deprived Tamil Nadu of a resourceful leader is another story.
2.As an early associate of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Moonje was not an unknown figure in Tamil Nadu — in fact, the celebrated nationalist, V.O.
3.Never one to shy away from engaging with ideological foes, Periyar agreed to Naidu’s invitation, and indicated that he was happy to meet the Hindu Mahasabha leaders on September 29, either in Erode or in Trichy.

The origins of alcohol:
1.A 2014 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences argued that a single genetic mutation 10 million years ago equipped pre-humans to break down ethanol and allowed them to digest rotting, fermenting fruit that fell on the forest floor.
2.These questions remain unanswered but it seems that beer-brewing practices existed at least 5,000 years earlier than thought, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports .
3.Because the Natufian finds coincide with the time when people gave up their foraging pasts for settled agricultural practices, it also provokes questions about the origin of taboos on alcohol consumption.

No land’s people:
1.Recent reports of the U.S. separating children from their families and keeping them in enclosed quarters were reminiscent of the infamous political leadership of Germany in the 1930s and ’40s, and provoked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter to say that the U.S. can no longer be considered a champion of human rights.
2.U.S. President Donald Trump promised during his campaign to get tough on illegal immigration, which helped him ride to Republican nomination and subsequently to the White House.
3.Damini Chopra, an actor starring in Telugu and Hindi films, is also working with NGOs that focus on child immunisation and independence of women

What does the term ‘shell shock’ mean in psychology?:
1.This refers to the psychological damage in human beings that is induced by prolonged exposure to various stressful combat situations like wars which involve extreme levels of violence.
2.It is characterised by symptoms like a high degree of fear, hypersensitivity to even mild stress, the general inability to maintain a normal state of mind and other physical ailments.
3.The term was coined by English psychologist Charles Myers during World War I to describe the psychological stress experienced by soldiers in the battlefield and is often considered to be the predecessor to the development of the modern concept of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Brexit state of mind:
1.I was not at all keen on the idea of the referendum, but I was generally positive about the implications of the principle of consulting people about how their country is run.
2.I always had a critical approach to politics, but it was, I truly believe, based on the feeling that in general, developments brought in their train improvements.
3.The writer is an Emeritus Fellow and former Vice President of Wolfson College, Cambridge University

The progressive way:
1.For instance, Justice Vikramajit Sen in ABC v. State (2015) observed: “Our Directive Principles envision the existence of a uniform civil code, but this remains an unaddressed constitutional expectation.” Here, the court was not dealing with some religious or personal law but with a statutory provision of the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890.
2.In Sarla Mudgal (2015), the Supreme Court made observations that those who stayed back after Partition knew that India believes in one nation and therefore no community can claim separate religious laws.
3.It seems the framers of the Constitution did not intend total uniformity in the sense of one law for the whole country because ‘personal laws’ were included in the Concurrent List, with power to legislate being given to Parliament and State Assemblies.

2+2 is less than the sum of its parts?:
1.The principal takeaway from the 2+2 Dialogue was the signing of the Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) that is expected to facilitate India’s access to advanced U.S. defence systems, and “enable India to optimally utilise existing U.S. origin platforms”.
2.Among the more important advanced defence systems and platforms that India hopes to secure are: state-of-the-art items such as the Weaponised Sea Guardian (a high altitude long endurance Drone), the Armed Predator-B, and cutting edge military and encrypted communication technologies.
3.The U.S. threat to use force to impose its diktats has again lost much of its meaning due to its inability to rein in China’s aggressive postures in the East and South China Seas.

Muthoot Fincorp sees 22% jump in AUM biz:
1.Muthoot Fincorp expects a 22% surge in its assets under management (AUM) business in the year to March 2019 on the back of an estimated 7.5-8% economic growth in country, a top executive at the gold loan NBFC said.
2.Muthoot said his company has introduced several interest waiver schemes as well as extended loan for customers in the flood-affected districts of Kerala .
3.“We have plans to expand in eastern, northern and western parts of the country this financial year,” he added.

States set to miss 20% debt-to-GDP ratio target by FY23: Report:
1.Eight states namely Himachal, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala , Manipur, Meghalaya , Nagaland, Punjab and Rajasthan had debt-to-GSDP ratios in excess of 30 per cent in FY18, suggesting that the aggregate debt-to-GDP ratio needs to be corrected by 8.92 percentage points between FY18 and FY23, Pant noted.
2.During the past five years, while revenue-to-GDP, interest-to-revenue, debt-to-revenue and positive rate spread trends were favourable for debt sustainability, rising interest payment/GDP, continuous primary deficit/GDP proved to be a negative, the note said.
3.Clearly, the way forward is to expand our revenue base, and GST is a big step in this direction,” said Pant.

Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurates ‘All India Pension Adalat’:
1.On the occasion, Dr Jitendra Singh also launched a booklet —“An era of sustained reforms for Central Government Pensioners” enumerating simplification of rules and steps initiated to strengthen the Grievance Portal and make it user friendly.
2.Dr. Jitendra Singh said that the Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi has directed that Pensioners be provided a hassle-free administrative system to resolve their grievances.
3.Speaking about the benefits of the Grievance Portal for the Central Government pensioners called CPENGRAMS, the Minister said that we have saved huge resources and precious time of the people by using the technology.

Union HRD Minister presents Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar 2017 – 18:
1.Union HRD Minister presents Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar 2017 – 18 Swachhta activities in schools will bring out a positive behavioural change in the society – Shri Prakash Javadekar
2.The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Shri Prakash Javadekar conferred the Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar 2017 – 18 at Dr. Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi today.
3.Schools were rated through a transparent mechanism on five broad parameters of (i) Water (ii) Toilet (iii) Hand washing with Soap (iv) Operations and Maintenance (v) Behaviour Change and Capacity Building.

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