Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-20

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-20

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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Impatient move: On the ordinance on triple talaq:
1.This is a matter that required deliberation, especially after serious objections were raised to some provisions of the Bill passed by the Lok Sabha; also, there is an ongoing debate on the desirability of criminalising instant triple talaq.
2.The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, as approved by the Lok Sabha, sought to give statutory form to the Supreme Court ruling of 2017 that declared talaq-e-biddat as illegal.
3.These amendments will not only restrict the scope for misuse by preventing third parties from setting the criminal law in motion against a man pronouncing instant triple talaq against his wife; they will also leave open the possibility of the marriage continuing by allowing bail and settlement.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/impatient-move/article24988731.ece

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Upping the ante: On the U.S.-China trade war:
1.The rules-based world order for international trade appears to be in for a rougher ride yet after the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump announced this week that it would be slapping $200-billion worth of Chinese exports with 10% tariff, ratcheting it up to 25% by the year-end.
2.However, the U.S. could have gone about this by applying its resources through bodies such as the World Trade Organisation to penalise China for overproduction, dumping overseas and excessive restrictions on market access.
3.Yet, even if countries can avoid some of the punitive costs of this battle, global institutions such as the WTO and a myriad other multilateral rule-making bodies will wither away, losing their authority.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/upping-the-ante/article24988734.ece

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Guilt by association and insinuation:
1.However, noting the prevalence of McCarthyist cycles in the lives of contemporary democracies, the American legal scholar, Vincent Blasi, proposed taking a “pathological approach” towards the constitutional right of freedom of speech and expression.
2.The ongoing case before the Supreme Court , pertaining to the arrests of numerous activists on the ground of their having links with Naxalism, has brought to the fore the operation of a law that goes directly contrary to Prof. Blasi’s pathological approach: the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
3.The accusations against him included criminal conspiracy to wage war against the government, membership of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) and its “front organisation” (the Revolutionary Democratic Front), an intention to facilitate and abet the commission of terrorist activities, and so on.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/guilt-by-association-and-insinuation/article24988742.ece

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Preparing for the floods:
1.World Bank analysis while preparing the National Hydrology Project (NHP) in 2015 showed that although weather forecasts are more accurate now, dam managers (especially bureaucrats) are reluctant to authorise advance controlled releases.
2.This is the story across Kerala: roads, railway lines and housing colonies being laid and built without regard for natural water ways, but with formal planning permission.
3.This means improved hydromet systems and weather forecasts, robust modelling of catchment water flows with simulations of different climate-related scenarios, international norms for safety factors and building codes.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/preparing-for-the-floods/article24988789.ece

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Evolving global equations and our foreign policy:
1.While the term non-alignment appears to be more archival than current, it has grand-fathered what operates as strategic autonomy today, and the strong adherence among policy-making elite hierarchies to shun dependence on any country, and to avoid any impression of subordination to a foreign power, a legacy held since the days of our founding fathers.
2.The fundamental aims of strategic autonomy, independence of action, non-interventionism overseas except for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, being a democratic, responsible stakeholder, continue from the previous Congress-led government although the Hindu nationalist tradition is to reject Nehruvian thought.
3.The control of the rimland, to use Mackinder’s term, surrounding India is now dominated by China, both as a result of her presence in and occupation of Tibet, and in the 21st century her leveraging of the Belt and Road Initiative in Central Asia, through Kashmir into Pakistan and the development of Gwadar port at the apex of the Arabian Sea.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/evolving-global-equations-and-our-foreign-policy/article24984710.ece

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With protesters in a police station:
1.After the regular round of rhetoric, and a march with flags and slogans, they proceeded to court arrest at the police station on Parliament Street.
2.As cigarettes were lit and tea noisily sipped, the dejection at getting robbed took a back seat as amusing anecdotes started pouring in about the financial status of their brethren.
3.This was the police station where freedom fighter Bhagat Singh had been lodged during trial in the Delhi Assembly bombing case of 1929.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/with-protesters-in-a-police-station/article24979083.ece

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What is ‘monetary offset’ in economics?:
1.A major responsibility of a central bank is to keep inflation under control and prevent the economy from overshooting its potential growth.
2.However, deficit spending by governments, which is financed through the creation of fresh money by the central bank, can increase the overall money supply and lead to an increase in prices across the economy.
3.In such cases, the central bank can choose to offset the inflationary impact of high government spending by contracting the overall supply of money in the economy.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-monetary-offset-in-economics/article24979049.ece

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A poor imitation:
1.Discussing the current contest between opposing ideas of India, Malini Parthasarathy hit the nail on the head when she wrote, “Neither the Congress nor other opposition parties acknowledge emphatically that what is really unfolding in the political arena is a fundamental contest between the original pluralist vision of Indian democracy and the monocultural and exclusivist view of the Hindu nationalists” (“ India’s shrinking democratic space ”, September 15).
2.The strategy appeared to fail earlier in both cases: the BJP won Gujarat, while in Karnataka, despite the Congress’s success in forming a coalition government, there is little doubt that it faced a stinging defeat.
3.What the Congress needs to do is to return to its philosophical roots and clearly lay out a vision of a composite nation, as imagined by Gandhi and Nehru, which is imperilled by the BJP’s ideological onslaught.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-poor-imitation/article24979036.ece

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‘India’s challenge will be fighting non-communicable diseases,’ says Prathap C. Reddy:
1.As Apollo Hospitals celebrates the 35th anniversary of its founding, the group’s chairman, Prathap C. Reddy, is looking ahead to make the most of the global advances in medical technology rather than choosing to rest on past laurels.
2.In this conversation, Dr. Reddy speaks on the need for increased government spending on health, the right pricing strategies for the soon-to-be-launched Central scheme of Ayushmaan Bharat, and the scope for medical tourism in India.
3.As far as the Apollo group is concerned, we are expanding to Tier 2 cities, and we are now in education, training of doctors, nurses and technicians, the pharma industry, and healthcare insurance too.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/interview/indias-challenge-will-be-fighting-non-communicable-diseases/article24979366.ece

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Guilt by association and insinuation:
1.However, noting the prevalence of McCarthyist cycles in the lives of contemporary democracies, the American legal scholar, Vincent Blasi, proposed taking a “pathological approach” towards the constitutional right of freedom of speech and expression.
2.The ongoing case before the Supreme Court , pertaining to the arrests of numerous activists on the ground of their having links with Naxalism, has brought to the fore the operation of a law that goes directly contrary to Prof. Blasi’s pathological approach: the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
3.The accusations against him included criminal conspiracy to wage war against the government, membership of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) and its “front organisation” (the Revolutionary Democratic Front), an intention to facilitate and abet the commission of terrorist activities, and so on.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/guilt-by-association-and-insinuation/article24988742.ece

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Raising of import duty on steel will hurt engineering exports: EEPC:
1.Its domestic prices have sky-rocketed in the past few years, thanks largely to the protection given to the steel makers by a slew of government measures which have proved detrimental to the interest of exports, ” said EEPC India chairman Mr Ravi Sehgal.
2.Mr Sehgal said, “We need to focus on increasing exports for bridging the CAD gap, rather than curtailing essential imports like steel.
3.All -out efforts must be made in this regard and any more increase in duty on steel imports would lead to a huge weakening of India’s export competitiveness”.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/foreign-trade/raising-of-import-duty-on-steel-will-hurt-engineering-exports-eepc/articleshow/65886902.cms

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Central government staff can fly to JK, NE on LTC for two more years:
1.Central government employees can fly to Jammu and Kashmir, Northeast region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands while availing leave travel concession (LTC) allowance for two more years till September 2020, according to an official order issued Thursday.
2.The Centre had in September 2014 relaxed the LTC rules to allow government staff to travel by air to Northeast region, Jammu and Kashmir and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
3.The scheme allowing government servants to travel by air to Northeast region, J-K and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is extended for a further period of two years, till September 25, 2018, the ministry said.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/central-government-staff-can-fly-to-jk-ne-on-ltc-for-two-more-years/articleshow/65885786.cms

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Water storage level of 91 major reservoirs of the country goes down by one percent:
1.There are six reservoirs under Central Water Commission (CWC) monitoring having total live storage capacity of 18.01 BCM.
2.The Eastern region includes States of Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and Tripura.
3.States having lesser storage than last year for corresponding period are Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tripura, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183593

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Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating To Imported and Export Goods Notified:
1.Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating To Imported and Export Goods Notified In exercise of the powers conferred by section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962), and in supersession of the notification of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs No.77/2018-CUSTOMS (N.T.
2.), dated 6 th September, 2018 except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs hereby determines that the rate of exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currencies specified in column (2) of each of Schedule I and Schedule II annexed hereto, into Indian currency or vice versa, shall, with effect from 21 st September, 2018, be the rate mentioned against it in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof, for the purpose of the said section, relating to imported and export goods.
3.Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183592

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