Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-21

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-21

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

For liberty’s sake: on the scope of Article 32 in the activists case:
1.They are: to allow the police in Maharashtra to pursue its investigation against the activists for allegedly being members of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) and joining a conspiracy against the government, to set them at liberty on the ground that this is a trumped-up case, to order a probe by an independent team.
2.The story so far has thrown up a legal tussle between the Centre’s contention that it is probing a terrorist conspiracy involving Maoist insurgents and their urban supporters and the counter-argument that this is a thinly disguised crackdown on political dissent.
3.The Maharashtra and Union governments have sought to defend the arrest and prosecution, contending that the case is based on incriminating evidence seized during the probe and has nothing to do with the ideology or the political views of those under investigation.

Moon diplomacy: On the Korean peace process:
1.While travelling to Pyongyang earlier this week, Mr. Moon’s main goals were to revive the talks between the U.S. and North Korea over denuclearisation, and infuse fresh warmth into the North-South thaw.
2.During the meetings, North Korea agreed to shut down the Tongchang-ri missile-testing site in the presence of international observers, and dismantle the Yongbyon nuclear facility if the U.S. takes “corresponding measures”.
3.But while the two Koreas maintained the momentum through continued bilateral engagement, Washington and Pyongyang have failed to make much headway since the June summit between Mr. Kim and President Donald Trump in Singapore.

Duty to defend:
1.That decision declared null and void a resolution of the Coimbatore Bar Association that none of its members will defend policemen who had allegedly assaulted some lawyers.
2.If the advocate refuses to defend from what he may think of the charge, or of the defence, he assumes the character of the judge, and in proportion to his rank and reputation puts the heavy influence of perhaps a mistaken opinion into the scale of justice against the accused, in whose favour the principles of law make all assumptions.”
3.No Indian lawyer of repute has shirked his duty to defend claiming that it would make him unpopular or that it was personally dangerous for him to do so.

What is ‘capital structure’ in finance?:
1.This refers to how a firm uses debt and equity in different proportions to finance its operations.
2.A firm with a relatively high proportion of debt financing its operations compared to the size of its equity is generally considered to be riskier than one that is financed primarily through equity.
3.At the same time, since the use of leverage helps to multiply the size of overall gains, the use of debt can help the owners of a firm earn a higher return on their investment.

Protecting persons with HIV/ AIDS:
1.It fortifies the health and medical health-care system for them and introduces legal accountability along with formal mechanisms to inquire into complaints and redress grievances.
2.These include the denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair treatment with regard to employment, educational establishments, health-care services, standing for public or private office, and insurance.
3.As per the provisions of the Act, every person in the care and custody of the state shall have the right to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and counselling services.

Repositioning the Sangh:
1.For the Modi-Shah duo that leads the BJP, this slight shift in balance is important because the desire to wield absolute power by winning as many elections as possible takes precedence over all else, whether it is the stated goal of development or the unstated one of the spread of Hindutva.
2.Facing possibly the most vigorous and sharp attack in its history from the Congress, under president Rahul Gandhi, Mr. Bhagwat attempted a major image makeover for the RSS , describing it as one committed to creating an inclusive society of which Muslims and other minorities are an indivisible part.
3.It is also unhappy with the Modi-Shah duo’s strategy of seeking to isolate dominant Hindu castes to consolidate the rest against them: in Haryana, the BJP successfully united non-Jats against Jats; in Uttar Pradesh, non-Yadavs against Yadavs; in Gujarat, non-Patels against Patels.

Is NITI Aayog relevant?:
1.If it succeeds, NITI Aayog could emerge as an agent of change over time and contribute to the Prime Minister’s agenda of improving governance and implementing innovative measures for better delivery of public services.
2.With its current mandate that is spread across a range of sectors and activities, and with its unique and vibrant work culture, NITI Aayog remains an integral and relevant component of the government’s plans to put in place an efficient, transparent, innovative and accountable governance system in the country.
3.In most of Latin America/Caribbean (LAC) countries and in Subsaharan Africa (SSA), two full decades of potential economic growth and human development were lost when per capita income barely rose even as populations continued to grow.

Bringing data under the rule of law:
1.Treaties should be explored so that data can flow between consenting jurisdictions with guarantees for application of corresponding laws of the country of origin, as the EU has done with its digital single market.
2.By default, digital societies and economies get ruled globally by the most powerful corporations and governments, which work in a mutually reinforcing manner.
3.At the numerous non-governmental meetings currently being held in Delhi and other places on data-related legal issues, any mention of data localisation, other than in the most critical terms, immediately attracts strong morally disapproving glances.

When Brecht speaks as Ambedkar:
1.In States like West Bengal and Maharashtra, with their strong traditions of theatre and musical arts, they can well go to see a play, ‘with family’, based on old epics or written by bold new playwrights staged in theatre-houses invariably named after Tagore, in his grey-flowing beard or the great Chhatrapati Shivaji in his sharp-pointed black one.
2.The Marathi translation of his timeless play The Good Person of Szechwan is more than likely to have passed by the police force on duty at the village celebrating, as it has done for decades, on that day the great Dalit-Mahar battalion’s vanquishing – disputed by some – of the much stronger army of the Peshwa order known for its rough-handling of Dalits.
3.Just before the declaration of the national emergency in 1975, Jayaprakash Narayan had, before a massive rally in Delhi, quoted the great Hindi poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar’s lines: “ Singhasan khali karo ki janata aati hai (vacate your throne, here come the people).” We know what happened thereafter to JP, to India.

55,000 shell firms struck off in 2nd phase: Government:
1.The corporate affairs ministry has already struck off over 2.26 lakh firms for non-filing of financial statements or annual returns for a continuous period of two years or more as part of the first phase of the drive.
2.”In the second phase, we have already struck off around 55,000 companies and more are on the anvil,” minister of state for corporate affairs PP Chaudhary told reporters on the sidelines of the fourth edition of the annual convention of the Indo-American Chamber of Commerce here.
3.Asserting that the government does not want the corporate structure to be “misused” by way of money laundering , drug funding or any illegal actives, Chaudhary said that the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) and other enforcement authorities are investigating the issue (shell companies) and taking action wherever required.

Export credit falling due to heavy-handed approach to NPAs: P. Chidambaram:
1.New Delhi, The BJP-Congress spat over bad loans of banks continued on Friday with former Union Finance Minister P. Chidambaram blaming the government’s “heavy-handed” approach to the NPA problem for the sharp decline in export credit .
2.A day after Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley blamed the UPA government in his blog for the non-performing assets (NPA) crisis, Chidambaram said for the Bharatiya Janata Party government, every problem was due to the Congress “legacy”.
3.Chidambaram’s remarks came a day after Jaitley said all bad loans were given prior to 2014 when the United Progressive Alliance government was in power and that it took no effective steps to recover or reduce the NPAs.

ParyatanParv celebrations continue in full swing throughout the country:
1.Government of Gujarat took an initiative to make people aware about cleanliness around pilgrimages through Play and walk for swachhta.They also organised a wildlife exhibition in Vadodara .
2.The students and officials spread the message of Cleanliness through a Rally with thematic message- wielding placards &banners,collection and disposal of garbages and educating locals about benefits of Swachhta through NukkadNataks.
3.Tirupathaiah, Director General (Additional PCCF),a NukkadNatak by students of IHM Hyderabad, Cultural dance by School children and a Heritage walk around the lake.

Shri Nitin Gadkari will be on a Two Day Visit to Shillong on 24th and 25th of September:
1.Shri Nitin Gadkari will be on a Two Day Visit to Shillong on 24th and 25th of September He will Inauguratethe Jowai-Ratacherra Section of NH-06 Minister will Review Every Ongoing National Highways Project in the Seven Ne States with Chief Ministers, Central and State Officials, Contractors
2.The Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari will be on a two day official visit to Shillong on the 24 th and 25 th of this month to do an extensive review of every National Highways project in the seven North Eastern states with all stakeholders.
3.The highways passes through the coal and cement producing belt, and is a lifeline for the landlocked states of the North East.

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