Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-25

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-25

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

After Salzburg: on rejection of post-Brexit blueprint:
1.The rejection of Prime Minister Theresa May’s post-Brexit blueprint at the Salzburg summit rules out nothing as yet in Britain’s rocky negotiations on withdrawing from the European Union.
2.A controversial idea in the July white paper is for a hybrid arrangement, with Britain staying in the common market only for trade in goods and agriculture, and without the obligations of free movement of people.
3.With elections to the European Parliament due next May, the leaders are keen that the anti-EU parties see the economic and political perils of quitting the bloc.

Long road ahead: on Ayushman Bharat scheme:
1.Ayushman Bharat has been rolled out as a health protection scheme that will provide guaranteed access to treatment that is free at the point of delivery to about 40% of the population selected on the basis of censused socio-economic indicators.
2.Since the Centre has announced that 10.74 crore families identified through Socio-Economic Caste Census data will be given an annual ₹5 lakh cover under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (the insurance component of the scheme), the question of eligibility appears settled.
3.And without adequate budgetary commitments, the implications of pooling the financial risk for such a large segment of the population through insurers or state-run trusts or societies make the outcomes uncertain.

Rethinking disaster management:
1.The devastation is worsened by the collective failure of governments and businesses to invest in building resilience despite the evidence on runaway climate change.
2.The lesson from the Kerala floods, Hurricane Harvey (Houston, U.S., 2017) and Typhoon Haiyan (the Philippines, 2013) is that responses to disasters must be proactive, not just reactive.
3.Deforestation worsened the effects of Kerala’s floods and mudslides, as the report of the Western Ghats ecology expert panel 2011 had warned.

An indefensible ordinance:
1.An ordinance is a constitutionally sanctioned ad hoc mechanism by which critically urgent situations are met when Parliament or a State Assembly (as the case may be) is not in session and the government cannot afford to wait till it reassembles for fear of things becoming unmanageable if not legislatively redressed immediately.
2.Last week, the Union Cabinet, on the presumption that direful conditions prevail in the country due to the pervasiveness of instant triple talaq, convinced the President to promulgate the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2018.
3.The fact is, excluding isolated cases, there is no documentary evidence to show that the incidence of instant triple talaq had reached alarming levels to warrant the hasty promulgation of a presidential ordinance.

A study of inter-generational mobility:
1.A good measure of progress in a household is inter-generational mobility — an improvement in social status from the previous generation.
2.Among the STs, the remote districts where they are present explain 59% of the upward mobility gap with the forward or other reference groups.
3.They find that upward mobility — the average education rank attained by sons born to fathers who are born in the bottom half of the father education distribution — is much higher in the southern States (except for pockets in Karnataka and Telangana), Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and J&K.

The power of a nudge:
1.It takes into account popular ‘rituals’, like keeping a baby away from the ground in a cot ( palna ), or marking decorations around her hearth ( chulah ), for transmitting messages that are culturally acceptable.
2.The very nature of the science being imbued in a social and cultural context enables it to generate effective and sustained results to public service programmes.
3.The impressive work done by the Ministry of Rural Development, on monitoring the implementation of national flagship schemes through DISHA dashboards, can be leveraged for evaluating behavioural change on the ground.

What is executive magnification in management?:
1.This refers to the common tendency among employees of an organisation to construe informal, non-serious comments made by persons in positions of authority as serious orders that need to be obeyed.
2.The term was coined by American management professor Robert Sutton while elaborating on how bosses may inadvertently be forcing their employees to waste time and energy carrying out tasks that actually do not in any way add to the productivity of their organisations.
3.Sutton suggested that executive magnification could be overcome through efforts that encourage criticism of management choices.

Missed opportunity or ill-timing?:
1.The Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) wasted no time to embarrass Pakistan’s Foreign Office for its lack of capacity to understand the diplomatic language.
2.While his seating arrangement and the japha (bear hug) with the Chief of Army Staff, General Qamar Javed Bajwa, created quite a stir in India, Pakistan government circles were bullish on the offer to open the Kartarpur border crossing for Sikh pilgrims.
3.Will the two men in Delhi and Islamabad find a way untangle the relations should Mr. Modi continue to rule after the upcoming elections in India is a question that hangs in the air in both countries now.

Manufacturing nationalism:
1.Even as we have grown accustomed to election time being turned into silly season by rival political parties scrambling for attention, nothing could have prepared us for the latest missive from the University Grants Commission (UGC), a body originally conceived to nurture our institutions of higher education.
2.Only the political leadership of the time is accountable for why the action did not fully secure India’s borders by removing the invaders from the entire State of Jammu and Kashmir, an outcome believed to have been considered attainable by the then Brigadier, K.S.
3.Ashokan edicts in the four corners of the country, erected at a time when transporting people and communicating ideas was a Herculean task, testify to the fact that at least some Indians had imagined a community long ago.

FDI in food processing touches $1-billion mark this year: Harsimrat Kaur Badal:
1.The FDI in multi-brand retail was allowed keeping in mind the need to boost food processing level and provide an alternative market to farmers to sell their produce, she said.
2.About USD 14 billion that was committed during the World Food India 2017 for next few years, the minister said, “I am happy to share that 70 per cent of the projects have already started the grounding.”
3.This will help grow the processing levels and reduce food wastage which is estimated to be Rs 1 lakh crore per year, she said.

Cabinet may take up Operation Green scheme Wednesday: Badal:
1.The Cabinet is likely to consider Wednesday a proposal to launch a new scheme ‘Operation Green’ with a corpus of Rs 500 crore to aid farmers in times of erratic price fluctuation in tomatoes, onions and potatoes, Food Processing Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal said Tuesday.
2.Another cabinet proposal to set up a non-banking financial company (NBFC) with an initial corpus of Rs 2,000 crore to meet credit needs of the food processing sector is expected to be taken up in the next week, she said.
3.”We will roll out our own financial institution which will not only lend to food processing sector but will also work in different ways in capacity building, in risk assessment and senstising the banks.”

Master Himanshu Tiwari, 11-year old skating player, calls on Dr Jitendra Singh;:
1.Master Himanshu Tiwari, an 11-year old skating player from Aligarh (UP), called on the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh here today.
2.Master Himanshu has won gold medal in Skating competition in World Games held in Kathmandu, Nepal in June, 2017.
3.Appreciating the efforts of little Master, Dr Jitendra Singh said that such noble efforts on the part of children, that too of very small age, are appreciable and an inspiration for the countrymen to have a humane and courageous approach towards any disaster that fellow countrymen may encounter.

Monthly Review of Union Government of India up to the month of August 2018 for the Financial Year 2018-19:
1.The Government of India has received Rs.4,79,568 crore (26.38% of corresponding BE 18-19 of Total Receipts) up to August, 2018 comprising Rs.
2.Non-Debt Capital Receipts consists of Recovery of Loans (Rs.5,596 crore) and Disinvestment of PSUs (Rs.
3.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaMinistry of Finance25-September-2018 16:33 IST

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