Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-27

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-27

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Aadhaar survives:
1.Four of the five judges on a Constitution Bench ruled that the law enabling the implementation of the programme does not violate the right to privacy of citizens; instead, the project empowers marginalised sections and procures dignity for them along with services, benefits and subsidies by leveraging the power of technology.
2.Over the years, Aadhaar came to mean much more than this in the lives of ordinary people, acquiring the shape of a basic identity document that was required to access more and more services, such as birth and death certificates, SIM cards , school admissions, property registrations and vehicle purchases.
3.The Court has addressed this issue by accepting the government’s argument that Section 7, which enables the use of Aadhaar to avail of any government subsidy, benefit or service for which expenditure is incurred out of the Consolidated Fund of India, is the core provision in the law, and that this makes it a ‘money bill’.

From the Archives: Cinchona Position.:
1.The Cinchona administration report just issued [in Ootacamund] sets out that the output of quinine rose from 62513 to 55014 pounds in the official year.
2.The present retail price of quinine in South India making a pice packet worth seven times what it was sold for, and the possible risk of dealers trading in pice packets of quinine is being looked into.
3.Gratifying reports were received regarding the efficiency of Cinchona Febrifuge which has been proved to be only less valuable than quinine.

Portraying stereotypes:
1.This is strange given that Hindi cinema is deeply indebted to the Progressive Writers’ Movement, and cannot be imagined without Saadat Hasan Manto, Ismat Chughtai and Kaifi Azmi, among others.
2.Farhan Akhtar is also some sort of a poet in the boring, rich boys’ unending jamboree of a film, Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara .
3.Aishwarya Rai Bachchan in Ae Dil Hai Mushkil and Anushka Sharma in Sanju are writers shrouded in mystery.

Chasing the monsoon:
1.Even though the monsoon is fairly consistent in the amount of rainfall that India receives between June and September, there is a sharp variation every year that makes it unique.
2.This year, the floods in Kerala and the torrential rains in Himachal Pradesh may have given the impression of a good monsoon, but the numbers say that India is facing a 9% deficit.
3.When it collided with another system from the Arabian Sea that had travelled up north, it led to flash floods and landslides in Northwest India.

Free, but not really:
1.A more precise definition with respect to the nature of the taxable event also reduced ambiguity — ‘sale’ or ‘services provided’ as against ‘supply’ in GST law.
2.Sound economic canons require minimal exemptions and low rates for ease of administration and greater compliances.
3.However, the 101st Constitutional Amendment Act, 2016, may have left wiggle room for States by giving them power to tax ‘entertainments and amusements’.

What is generality principle in political science?:
1.This refers to the political belief that laws created by the state need to apply equally to all groups of people in order to avoid any form of discrimination.
2.Proponents of the generality principle believe that this is essential to uphold fairness and justice in society.
3.This, they argue, would be far worse for the welfare of society as no group would then be able to escape from the destructive effects of poor laws.

Opacity in the name of privacy:
1.When nine judges of the Supreme Court are unable to frame the bounds of privacy, can we expect PIOs to assess which information is private, and then weigh the potential harm to individuals due to disclosure, guided all the while by public interest and the cause of accountability?
2.(2012), a two-judge Bench of the Supreme Court ignored this proviso and prior precedents in order to rule that the assets and details about the performance of a public servant constituted personal information, and were exempt from disclosure.
3.In essence, the court has implicitly read down the powerful proviso above, prompting PIOs to “profusely abuse” the privacy exemption in the RTI Act, as Central Information Commissioner M. Sridhar Acharyulu has observed.

Cutting through the white noise:
1.(It must be noted here that amidst all the ‘white noise’ over Mr. Sidhu’s embrace of Pakistani Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa, there was no statement made by the Prime Minister or the Ministry of External Affairs, although members of the Cabinet from Punjab raised it with Ms.
2.From November 2015 to June 2018, when he resigned due to elections, General Janjua and Mr. Doval carried on a consistent engagement, spoke over the telephone regularly to smooth over crises, and discreetly met more than half a dozen times in various places around the world.
3.If the two countries can again decide on interlocutors, the points for discussion are many, beginning with the proposal initiated by Pakistan ahead of the UN talks, of a visa-free Kartarpur corridor for Sikh pilgrims to travel to Gurdwara Darbar Sahib for the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak in November 2019.

DPE to issue advisories to PSUs to implement strategic HR practices:
1.NEW DELHI: The Department of Public Enterprises (DPE) plans to issue advisories to central PSUs to implement strategic HR practices in line with the changing economic and business environment, a top official said Thursday.
2.The move follows a study commissioned by the Department to identify gaps in the working of the central public sector enterprises ( CPSEs ) and recommend measures to revitalise them.
3.”Based on the recommendations of the study we propose to issue an advisory to CPSEs to implement strategic HR initiatives and develop a new HR paradigm which is consistent with recent developments in the economic, business and social environment,” Seema Bahuguna, Secretary in the DPE, said at a CII conference here.

India’s shadow banking scare could derail its robust growth story:
1.Manzoor Ahmad lost his job as an electrician and is struggling to make ends meet after a crucial road tunnel project shut down in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir state in the north.
2.”Raising money will become increasingly difficult for NBFCs and that will push up the cost of borrowing for these companies and projects will slow down eventually, leading to a broader slowdown in the economy than is currently priced in,” said Ashish Vaidya, executive director and head of trading at DBS Bank in Mumbai.
3.To contain ripple effects and ensure financial stability, the RBI may have to open a separate lending window for mutual funds through banks to ease any cash pressures, according to a finance ministry official.

Water Storage Level of 91 Major Reservoirs of the country  goes up by Two Percent:
1.There are six reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 18.01 BCM.
2.The Eastern region includes States of Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and Tripura.
3.States having lesser storage than last year for corresponding period are West Bengal, Tripura, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Copy of the Presentation made by Secretary, DFS, Shri Rajiv Kumar on 25th September, 2018 after the Finance Minister’s Annual Performance Review Meeting with CEOs of Public Sector Banks (PSBs):
1.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaMinistry of Finance27-September-2018 16:25 IST
2.Copy of the Presentation made by Secretary, DFS, Shri Rajiv Kumar on 25th September, 2018 after the Finance Minister’s Annual Performance Review Meeting with CEOs of Public Sector Banks (PSBs)

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