Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-29

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-09-29

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Think big:
1.On the other hand, the decision to double import duties on a clutch of consumer durables to 20% could dampen consumption of these products, especially at a time when the rupee’s slide against the dollar is already likely to have made these goods costlier.
2.The tariff on aviation turbine fuel — which will now attract 5% customs duty instead of nil — may add to the stress of domestic airline operators, the rupee and rising oil prices having already hurt their wafer-thin margins.
3.With global crude oil prices showing no signs of reversing their upward trajectory, and the sanctions on Iran that may force India to look for other suppliers looming, the government will need to act post-haste to address structural imbalances to keep the CAD from widening close to or even exceeding the 3% of GDP level.

Freedom to pray: on Sabarimala verdict:
1.The majority held that devotees of Lord Ayyappa do not constitute a separate religious denomination and that the prohibition on women is not an essential part of Hindu religion.
2.Her view that the court “cannot impose its morality or rationality with respect to the form of worship of a deity” accorded greater importance to the idea of religious freedom as being mainly the preserve of an institution rather than an individual’s right.
3.Beyond the legality of the practice, which could have been addressed solely as an issue of discrimination or a tussle between two aspects of religious freedom, the court has also sought to grapple with the stigmatisation of women devotees based on a medieval view of menstruation as symbolising impurity and pollution.

Not a crime: on Supreme Court’s adultery ruling:
1.The cleansing of the statute books of provisions that criminalise consensual relations among adults continues, with the Supreme Court finally striking down a colonial-era law that made adultery punishable with a jail term and a fine.
2.In treating women as their husband’s property, as individuals bereft of agency, the law was blatantly gender-discriminatory; aptly, the Court also struck down Section 198(2) of the CrPC under which which the husband alone could complain against adultery.
3.It is only in a progressive legal landscape that individual rights flourish — and with the decriminalisation of adultery India has taken another step towards rights-based social relations, instead of a state-imposed moral order.

A fraught timeline: on Ayodhya title suit:
1.The Supreme Court’s refusal to refer some questions of law in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute to a seven-judge Bench has one immediate consequence: it could expedite the final hearing in the appeals against the Allahabad High Court’s compromise judgment of 2010 in the main title suit.
2.Justice Ashok Bhushan’s main opinion has sought to give a quietus to the controversy by declaring that “the questionable observations” were to be treated only as observations made in the context of whether land on which a mosque stood can be acquired by the government.
3.Sunni Central Wakf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla, the deity, can only be tested against evidence adduced during trial and not by pronouncements on the significance of places of worship or practices in a particular religion.

Dumping an archaic law:
1.Further, addressing the issue of making the penal provisions of adultery gender neutral, the court held that even then the matter was private, and anything otherwise would be a grave intrusion into the privacy of individuals.
2.Section 497 consumed the identity of a wife, as an individual with rights as an equal partner to the marriage, tipping the scales to favour the husband.
3.This provision was made when bigamy was prevalent and Lord Macaulay, the drafter of the IPC, did not find it fair to punish one inconsistency of the wife when the husband was allowed to marry many others.

Being gay might not yet be cool in India, but being gay-supportive certainly is:
1.In 2009, Forbes India and Out Now Consulting did a study that pegged India’s LGBT population at about 4%, that is 30 million people, and “many of these consumers are DINK — double income, no kids — and thus have a greater disposable income.” But has all this rainbow confetti translated into HR policy changes in these companies?
2.Amul once offered buttered bread to two girls with the caption “Out of Closet, Out of Fridge.” IndjapInk billed itself as India’s only boutique gay travel agency and sold a ‘Life is a Beach’ package.
3.Sure, people will still snigger behind your back or share that homophobic joke on the WhatsApp group but no one wants to admit to overt homophobia any more.

Criminalising talaq-e-biddat:
1.The ordinance reiterates the Supreme Court verdict that “any pronouncement” of talaq by “a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal.” According to Section 4, any Muslim husband who pronounces instant talaq will be punished with imprisonment of up to three years and will be liable to a fine.
2.Section 5 entitles a married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced to receive a “subsistence allowance”, to be determined by a First Class Judicial Magistrate, from her husband for herself and their dependent children.
3.The ordinance allows a married Muslim woman to retain the custody of her minor children in the event of pronouncement of instant triple talaq.

Idlib, the final frontier:
1.The agreement, according to which Russia and Turkey will establish a demilitarised zone along the line of contact between Idlib’s militants and regime forces, has averted an imminent humanitarian crisis, but it also shows the increasing uneasiness in Russia’s policy towards a conflict which has bogged it down.
2.If it were on the brink of collapse in September 2015 when Russia made its intervention, the regime has recaptured most major population centres including Aleppo, Daraa and Eastern Ghouta, ever since.
3.Just as it took a relatively independent line towards the Iran-Israel rivalry within Syria — by allowing Israel to target Iranian positions while at the same time supporting Iran in battles against rebels — Russia finally sided with Turkey over Idlib, while not giving up its commitment to the Syrian state.

Oil-slicked debt trap:
1.It predicted that crude prices will touch $85 a barrel following a squeeze in global supplies, resulting from lower Iranian exports in the wake of U.S. sanctions.
2.Recently, PDVSA agreed to compensate the U.S. exploration group, ConocoPhillips, to the tune of $2 billion — a sizeable chunk of Venezuelan foreign reserves — following an International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) ruling in April.
3.The ICC decision was followed in May by a law suit in New York to recover a $25 million promissory note guaranteed by a PDVSA subsidiary, raising the prospects of more action to redeem other pledges.

What is Brownian motion in physics?:
1.This refers to the random and erratic movement of microscopic particles that are suspended in any fluid, like water or oil.
2.Brownian motion is the result of the impact of the random bombardment of microscopic particles by the variety of fast-moving molecules that constitute the fluid.
3.The phenomenon is named after the English botanist Robert Brown, who in 1827 discovered the molecular composition of matter through the observation of the random movement of pollen grains in a liquid.

Should the convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi case be released?:
1.A subsequent reference to a Constitution Bench resulted in a recalibration of the powers vested with the State government under the CrPC in Union of India v. V. Sriharan .
2.Rule 341 states that the Advisory Board of the prison shall deem life imprisonment to be “imprisonment for twenty years” for consideration for premature release or parole.
3.Even otherwise, given the large political conspiracy involved in the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, there does not appear to be any justification for exercising the extraordinary powers of pardon in their case.

The poor are left to themselves:
1.This piece seeks to show why they were wrong in believing the assertion about inclusion, identification and exclusion, to illustrate the bigger problem with the majority view.
2.The question that arises is, did the government misdiagnose the source of exclusion by blaming it on a lack of IDs rather than inadequate budgets and faulty selection of eligible households?
3.Yet, Wednesday’s Aadhaar verdict with four judges latching on to the government’s version of the story, and one of them applying his mind to the matter independently, reaffirms that you can’t mislead all the people all the time.

Finding an equilibrium:
1.“[A]nnoyance, despair, ecstasy, euphoria, coupled with rhetoric, [were] exhibited by both sides”, but Justice Sikri rightly stressed the “posture of calmness”; the political fallouts of a decision, even in an election year, cannot be a matter for judicial concern.
2.The Constitution is not a political tactic, it is not a mere ‘play thing’ of a special majority as Justice M. Hidayatullah said in Sajjan Singh v. State of Rajasthan (1965), laying the foundations of what became the doctrine of basic structure and essential features.
3.Why was the majority not persuaded by the Chandrachud dissent is a question that will for long haunt those who prize democracy and rule of law values as essential for the future of putting the Constitution to work.

58 million Indians living without pension: Survey:
1.Citing the State of Pensions in India Report 2018, Economist Prabhat Patnaik said the Central government spends as little as 0.04 per cent of the GDP for its flagship Indira Gandhi National Social Assistance (IGNOAPS) programme for ensuring income security for the elderly.
2.This meagre amount reaches only about 22.3 million people, Pension Parishad Coordinator, Nikhil Dey said.
3.The organisation also pointed out that countries like Nepal , Bolivia, Lesotho, Bostwana, Ecuador — all much smaller economies as compared to India — ensure better social pensions for their elderly citizens.

Want to make Uzbekistan part of the Silicon route on lines of Silk Route: Suresh Prabhu:
1.Uzbekistan was once part of the ancient Silk route linking the far East to Europe, he said at an event organised by industry body CII here.
2.India and Uzbekistan could cooperate to foster the development of new and advanced technologies and with that create the new Silicon route, he said, adding that the two countries needed to strengthen collaboration in the services sector.
3.Uzbekistan Deputy Prime Minister S Kholmuradov said the government had undertaken several reforms in terms of taxation, licensing, permits, visas, among others and invited Indian industry to invest and take advantage of the economic changes sweeping the country.

Technology brings transparency, prosperity and opportunities for rural youth: Vice President:
1.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that Technology brings transparency, prosperity and opportunities for rural youth.
2.I appreciate the achievement of Shri Abhishek Dubey and his team of 250 volunteers who have shown an incredible passion to educate young boys of three districts-Gwalior, Bhopal and Indore.
3.With Digital Classrooms equipped with multimedia environment, abstract scientific concepts like configuration of atoms or biological Cells, movement of electro-magnetic waves, can be easily understood.

Closing Ceremony: Exercise Yudh Abhyas 2018:
1.The exercise provided an ideal platform for the personnel of the two countries to share their experiences on counter terrorist operations, especially in mountainous terrain.
2.The training culminated in a 48 hours consolidation and validation exercise in which troops carried out a daring rescue and destroy mission in the general area of Pilkholi near Chaubattia.
3.Besides training, both the contingents also participated in a number of extracurricular activities including friendly football and basketball matches and a cultural programme during the ‘Barakhana’ on the final day.

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