Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-01

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-01

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Tricky call ahead: on RBI policy stance:
1.Additionally, the rupee’s depreciation of more than 12% against the dollar in 2018, combined with crude oil’s continuing upward march — Brent futures closed at $82.73 a barrel on Friday — raise the risk of India importing inflation from the higher price for its overseas energy purchases, making the argument for a rate hike even more compelling.
2.After all, given its unequivocal inflation-targeting mandate, the MPC would be well justified in keeping its sights firmly trained on the retail inflation trend and household expectations for future price gains.
3.Also, while headline CPI inflation eased appreciably in August to 3.69%, core retail price gains, which exclude the food and fuel and light groups, was still running 190 basis points higher at 5.59%.

Cup of surprises: on Asia Cup tournament:
1.Yet, as the final revealed in the form of a weaker team that punched well above its weight, or in the glorious run that Afghanistan had, this continental edition was more about the underdog altering scripts and surprising more fancied rivals.
2.This state of performance flux was also reflected within the Indian outfit, which missed an injured Virat Kohli and is still searching for consistent batsmen in the middle-order just below the regular skipper.
3.Dhoni, the finisher, is seemingly on the wane but his lightning reflexes behind the stumps remain intact and clearly he can still shepherd the chase and groom others to play like winners, a role akin to Rahul Dravid’s more than a decade ago.

Manto for yet another generation:
1.The simplicity of his plots, the ordinariness of his characters, and the way he strips every sentence of ornament or artifice makes explanations of his stories redundant.
2.Das is among the many contemporary writers who have offered the world their own selection and translation of his works on various subjects: Bombay ( Bombay Stories, Matt Reeck and Aftab Ahmad), women ( My name is Radha , Muhammad Umar Memon), the film world ( Stars from Another Sky , Khalid Hasan), the brutality of Partition ( Toba Tek Singh,The Black Shalwar , Mottled Dawn ), and the hypocrisy of politics ( Save India from Its Leaders , Letter to Uncle Sam ), among others.
3.In his own words, Manto refers to himself as a “pickpocket” ( Why I Write , from the collection of essays, Upar Neeche Aur Darmiyaan ) who “picks his own pocket and then hands over its contents to you [the reader]”.

Gandhi: a fox or a hedgehog?:
1.For his admirers, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a man of spiritual truthfulness and democratic action, both at the public and personal levels, with a unique method of struggle that combined political pragmatism with ethical integrity.
2.This is the man Albert Einstein lauded as “a leader of his people, unsupported by any outward authority, a politician whose success rests not upon craft nor the mastery of technical devices, but simply on the convincing power of his personality.”
3.As a dreamer who looked for a harmonious universe, Gandhi was a hedgehog, but as a pragmatist who had a devastating sense of reality, he was a fox who knew many things about the insane world of human beings filled with hatred, revenge, greed for power and violence.

What is reciprocity anxiety in psychology?:
1.Soon after receiving a favour, many people feel obliged to reciprocate it in kind.
2.This can cause many human interactions to simply become transactional.
3.Some psychologists have also argued that people with ulterior motives may try to manipulate others into doing things that they want by first offering them a favour that the other party may feel obliged to reciprocate.

The road to e-vehicles:
1.In the current scenario of soaring fuel prices and the spectre of climate change looming large over the planet, it is a welcome development that a State government is taking the lead in switching to e-vehicles.
2.Not only does this reduce the burden of fuel bills on the exchequer, it is also in sync with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s strong pitch in favour of electric vehicles at the recently held Global Mobility Summit in New Delhi.
3.If ministers and politicians are taken as a single category of consumers, their per capita and per kilometre consumption of fossil fuel is likely to be many times higher than that of most ordinary users, given their penchant for moving around accompanied by lengthy convoys of gas-guzzling escort vehicles.

In Parliament’s court:
1.While the issue of candidates facing criminal charges getting elected to Parliament and State legislative Assemblies is often raised, initiatives to minimise the problem, if not eliminate it completely, have been rather slow.
2.One had hoped that the judiciary would show the way forward with regard to preventing such candidates from contesting elections, but in a recent judgment, the Supreme Court has left it to Parliament to legislate on the subject.
3.The most recent change, i.e. providing an option to voters to exercise None of the Above (NOTA) in case they do not want to vote for any of the candidate contesting an election, was also introduced by the judiciary in 2003 on the basis of the PIL filed by People’s Union for Civil Liberties.

An ongoing quest for equality:
1.On September 28, the Supreme Court delivered a 4:1 verdict, in Indian Young Lawyers Association v. State of Kerala , throwing open the doors of the Sabarimala temple to women of all ages.
2.While the majority agreed that women of all ages should be allowed to freely access the Sabarimala temple, each of the court’s judgments, including Justice Indu Malhotra’s dissenting opinion, speaks to a different, and constitutionally plausible, vision.
3.When a religious practice goes so far as to deny women equal status in society, when notions of purity and pollution are employed to perpetuate discrimination, the Constitution ought to mandate a shattering of the conventional divides between the private and the public.

India’s April-Aug rice exports drop 4.3 pct year on year: govt body:
1.India’s rice exports between April and August dropped 4.3 percent from a year earlier to 5.03 million tonnes as leading buyer Bangladesh trimmed purchases due to bumper local harvest, a government body said.
2.Guar gum exports rose 1.8 percent to 222,055 tonnes on robust demand from the United States.
3.India is the world’s biggest exporter of buffalo meat, guar gum and rice.

NCLT order soon on plea for new IL&FS board:
1.Senior counsel Sanjay Shorey, representing the goverment, said the board of IL&FS had acted like “parasites” on public funds, taking hefty salaries while the company was bleeding.
2.The National Company Law Tribunal is set to deliver an order on a governemnt plea to appoint a new board of directors for debt-laden infrastructure conglomerate IL&FS.
3.Senior counsel Sanjay Shorey, representing the goverment, said the board of IL&FS had acted like “parasites” on public funds, taking hefty salaries while the company was bleeding.

Gram Sabhas to inform farmers about the enrolment of farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY):
1.Gram Sabhas to inform farmers about the enrolment of farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY) Gram Sabhas across the country have been asked to inform the farmers about the enrolment and benefits of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojan (PMFBY) at the beginning of the Rabi Season today.
2.The Govt expects the companies to reduce premium rates, especially as the general cut-off date for enrolment has been advanced by 15 days for both seasons.
3.Those farmers who avail short term crop loans from formal financial institutions at concessional rates of interest are automatically covered under the Scheme.

NALCO CMD Dr. Chand conferred with the top national award ‘NIPM Ratna’ : Calls for MSMEs centred HR Model in 4th Industrial Revolution:
1.Now with the emerging 4 th industrial revolution, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Robotics, Augmented Reality etc would be the trend setters.
2.It may be mentioned that National Institute of Personnel Management (NIPM), the highest body of HR professionals in the country organized two day National Conference, NATCON-2018 at Pune, wherein large number of professional from across India & abroad are participating.
3.Professionals from various walks of life have congratulated Dr. Chand for the award and his new model of People Management.

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