Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-10
Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams
Arrest the exodus in Gujarat:
1.Based on data since 2011, the Economic Survey in 2016-17 pointed out that Gujarat is among the States, including Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and West Bengal, with the highest net in-migration of workers.
2.It stands to reason that migrants have played a vital role in greasing the wheels of growth in States like Gujarat by providing cheap labour in the many small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing and construction sectors.
3.The State must follow a more holistic policy of creating incentives for firms leading to greater employment, instead of merely dictating higher recruitment of locals.
Target 1.5: tackling global warming:
1.The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has come out with a clear scientific consensus that calls for a reversal of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, to prevent severe harm to humanity in the decades ahead.
2.Human activity has warmed the world by 1°C over the pre-industrial level and with another half-degree rise, many regions will have warmer extreme temperatures, raising the frequency, intensity and amount of rain or severity of drought.
3.India, Pakistan and China are already suffering moderate effects of warming in areas such as water availability, food production and land degradation, and these will worsen, as the report says.
Another warning on warming:
1.It was in 2015, at the Paris climate conference, that the global community made a pact to pursue efforts to limit warming to within 1.5°C — half a degree below the previous target of 2°C.
2.The number of people exposed to the complex and compounded risks from warming will also increase and the poorest — mostly in Asia and Africa — will suffer the worst impacts.
3.To stay below 1.5°C, the transitions required by energy systems and human societies, in land use, transport, and infrastructure, would have to be rapid and on an unprecedented scale with deep emission reductions.
Learning to ask:
1.The year was 2006 and the Central government had directed institutions of higher education to implement a 27%-reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
2.Upper caste students from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in Delhi took to sweeping the streets in protest.
3.On, the other side of the divide were the SC students, worried not only about the shrinking pie for government jobs — a lifeline for them — but also other implications.
We need a pro-liberty judicial approach:
1.Article 21 of the Constitution places the personal liberty of citizens on the highest pedestal, and so it is the duty of our courts to protect it.
2.In Abhijit Iyer-Mitra v. State of Odisha, the Supreme Court refused bail to the petitioner saying that his action hurt religious feelings, an offence under section 295A of the Indian Penal Code.
3.In the present political climate, it is imperative that the court uphold civil liberties lest another Emergency descend upon us.
India and Russia: Salvaging a strategic partnership:
1.Shortly thereafter, two weeks before Mr. Putin arrived in India, the U.S. State Department announced sanctions on a Chinese company that had imported the S-400 over eight months earlier, asserting that it was a signal to others engaged with the Russian defence sector.
2.There is a general perception that Indian and Russian perspectives today differ on key issues in India’s neighbourhood — Pakistan, Afghanistan and China — and on India’s strategic linkages with the U.S., including on the Indo-Pacific.
3.On Afghanistan, India expressed support for the “Moscow format”, in which Russia involves regional countries and major powers in an effort to draw the Taliban into negotiations with the Afghan leadership.
Cabinet nod to merger of regulatory bodies NCVT, NDSA:
1.The merger is expected to achieve the twin objective of enhancing aspirational value of vocational education and of increasing skilled manpower furthering the agenda of making India the skill capital of the world.
2.”This institutional reform will lead to improvement in quality and market relevance of skill development programmes lending credibility to vocational education and training, encouraging greater private investment and employer participation in the skills space,” the statement said.
3.”This is also expected to facilitate the ease of doing business by providing a steady supply of skilled workforce to the industry and services,” the statement said.
India, China must work together to offset impact of US’ approach on trade: Chinese Embassy:
1.”Under the current circumstances, China and India need to deepen their cooperation to fight trade protectionism,” Ji Rong said.
2.India and China need to deepen cooperation to fight trade protectionism in the wake of the unilateral approach being adopted by the US on trade-related disputes, the Chinese Embassy said Wednesday.
3.The Chinese Embassy spokesperson also said the US should reflect on its own practice of interfering in the internal affairs of developing countries such as China and India under the pretext of human rights and religious matters.
Shri Vijay Goel inaugurates the Online Assurances Monitoring System:
1.Union Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and Statistics & Programme Implementation, Shri Vijay Goel, inaugurated the Online Assurances Monitoring System(OAMS), developed by the Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
2.This system has made the information regarding assurances given on the floor of the Houses of Parliament paper less and available in digital format.
3.Based on suggestions received from the officers of different Ministries/Departments and officers of Rajya Sabha Secretariat and Lok Sabha Secretariat, above software has been developed by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs keeping in view the existing guidelines and prevailing practices.The Ministry also undertook a capacity building exercise by imparting training on operation of this software to 84 nodal officers of various Ministries/Departments on 24.4.2018 and 01.05.2018.
MHA clarification to the Government of Assam on Indian Citizenship status of Gorkhas living in the state:
1.Ministry of Home Affairs has issued a clarification to the Government of Assam on the citizenship status of members of the Gorkha Community living in the State as per the Foreigners Act, 1946.
2.In a communication to the Government of Assam, MHA has listed various provisions to obviate the difficulties faced by Gorkhas in the matter of Indian citizenship.
3.No such document is required for children below the age group of 10 years, the communication added citing provisions of India-Nepal Treaty signed in 1950.
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