Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-13

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-13

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

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Bolsonaro’s Brazil?:
1.The former army captain who belongs to the Social Liberal Party notched up 46% of the vote, only a few percentage points short of crossing the 50% needed for an outright victory, in a multi-cornered contest.
2.In a graphic illustration of the sharp polarisation in Latin America’s largest country, he left his nearest rival, Fernando Haddad, of the Workers’ Party (PT), who garnered 29% of the vote, far behind.
3.A lawyer and an economist, he espouses more moderate economic positions than either Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva or Dilma Rousseff, former Presidents and the architects of generous welfare programmes.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/bolsonaros-brazil/article25208801.ece

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By extension: NRC for Tripura:
1.Just three months after the final draft of the National Register of Citizens for Assam was released, the Supreme Court has tagged a petition seeking a similar process for Tripura.
2.The question of what awaits the four million people whose names did not figure in the final NRC draft, and have been given a second chance to prove their antecedents, still hangs in the balance.
3.Embarking on any such bureaucratic exercise without considering its deep humanitarian impact will only create new fault lines — especially in a State like Tripura where there is no such unanimity of views on the NRC process.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/by-extension/article25208796.ece

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As the rupee spins downwards:
1.In the unenviable sequence of conceptually-flawed economic policies – to which also belong demonetisation and the Goods and Services Tax’s (GST) rate structure and collection system — the latest is the government’s response to the rupee’s fast-paced depreciation.
2.When the crude prices-current account deficit-rupee macroeconomic equation had started becoming unfavourable, the government’s early arguments focussed on external factors outside its control: oil prices, U.S. Federal Reserve’s interest rate policy, turmoil in the international currencies, etc.
3.Caught between voter and market expectations, Mr. Jaitley has decided to trim fuel tax rates, accepting a minor revenue loss for a cosmetic price relief.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/as-the-rupee-spins-downwards/article25208403.ece

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Reading between the rankings:
1.Delivering the inaugural address, the Prime Minister announced that the government would make available ₹1 lakh crore for infrastructure in higher education by 2022.
2.While the freeing of universities from external control and increasing their resource base is for the better, the question is whether these moves can by themselves raise higher education in India to the desirable global level.
3.Beneath the mushroom cloud of UGC regulations, governing everything from hours to assessment, there are no norms making for the attainment of excellence or the empowerment of faculty so that they deliver to their highest potential.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/reading-between-the-rankings/article25208494.ece

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Silent and suffering:
1.To eliminate open defecation, the act also called for the construction of an adequate number of sanitary community latrines in urban areas within three years from the date of commencement of the statute.
2.The poor implementation of the act may have been because States and Union Territories have been slow in identifying insanitary latrines and manual scavengers.
3.A lack of opportunities has also resulted in hesitation on the part of manual scavengers to come out into the open and demand jobs, making them a silent, suffering population in the country.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/silent-and-suffering/article25194296.ece

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What is ‘Rashomon effect’ in Psychology?:
1.The Rashomon effect is named after the popular 1950 Akira Kurosawa movie Rashomon in which a murder is described in four different ways by four different witnesses of the same crime.
2.It is often used to emphasise the point that people’s perceptions about an event can differ considerably based on their individual personal experiences.
3.Sign up to receive our newsletter in your inbox every day!
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/rashomon-effect/article25194224.ece

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Has the SC missed a chance to keep criminals out of polls?:
1.The Election Commission (EC), frustrated by its own helplessness in the matter, has been crying hoarse to the government, political parties and the apex court for help in stemming corrupt influences on our legislatures.
2.The EC proposal to bar candidates accused of an offence punishable with at least five years of imprisonment from contesting elections, after charges are framed against them by a court, has been opposed by many parties.
3.If Parliament does not act, there are two ways to keep potential criminals out of the electoral arena: political parties can choose to not give tickets to aspirants charged with heinous crimes; and voters can reject such candidates at the polls.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/has-the-sc-missed-a-chance-to-keep-criminals-out-of-polls/article25194981.ece

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Whither inclusiveness?:
1.The proportion of the population who are immigrants is in fact quite small — around 9% — but many people assume it is much greater, and therefore constitutes a threat.
2.The Windrush scandal was a graphic reminder that things have gone badly wrong, and it should provide a strong incentive to ensure that nothing like it happens again.
3.If we require proof of the importance of this, we need only note the huge problems that many people have faced because of the failure to ensure that their position in the U.K. was clear.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/whither-inclusiveness/article25194788.ece

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Reading between the rankings:
1.Delivering the inaugural address, the Prime Minister announced that the government would make available ₹1 lakh crore for infrastructure in higher education by 2022.
2.While the freeing of universities from external control and increasing their resource base is for the better, the question is whether these moves can by themselves raise higher education in India to the desirable global level.
3.Beneath the mushroom cloud of UGC regulations, governing everything from hours to assessment, there are no norms making for the attainment of excellence or the empowerment of faculty so that they deliver to their highest potential.
www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/reading-between-the-rankings/article25208494.ece

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Structural reforms helping India in building resilience to global shocks: S C Garg:
1.Structural reforms in areas like taxation and bankruptcy are helping the Indian economy in building resilience to global shocks and maintain a robust growth rate despite challenges, Economic Affairs Secretary S C Garg has said.
2.He also expressed hope that the prudent policy measures being undertaken now will also help contain the stress, currently seen in financial condition tightening, and oil prices etc.
3.Speaking at the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Friday in Bali, Indonesia, Garg emphasised the need to recognise that digital technological changes taking place are more fundamental than even invention of the steam engine, which had laid the foundation of the industrial revolution.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/finance/structural-reforms-helping-india-in-building-resilience-to-global-shocks-s-c-garg/articleshow/66194433.cms

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India needs more action to achieve global goals: Experts:
1.”India’s public and private sectors need to talk about the SDGs,” Vimal Mahendru, ambassador at the Geneva-based International Electrotechnical Commission, said.
2.”Indian corporate sector is very fast maturing and sees its place in the global scheme of things…What is missing is a clear communication about the SDGs,” he said here at the two-day Responsible Business Forum, which concluded on Friday.
3.Yasir Ahmad, partner, climate change and sustainability services at PricewaterhouseCoopers , noted that though bigger Indian companies have warmed up to the fact that SDGs are globally acceptable framework and they need to work in that direction, financially-strained MSMEs and the agriculture sector need support to work in those areas.
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/india-needs-more-action-to-achieve-global-goals-experts/articleshow/66192720.cms

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Shri Subhash Chandra Garg, Secretary, DEA: Better Metric is needed for the Human Capital Index (HCI) to measure the Status of Human Capital;:
1.Shri Subhash Chandra Garg, Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance emphasized the need to recognize that digital technological changes taking place are more fundamental than even invention of the steam engine, which had laid the foundation of the industrial revolution.
2.In the IMFC Introductory Session, Shri Garg, Secretary, DEA highlighted the key factors like structural reforms in areas like taxation and bankruptcy are helping the Indian economy in building its resilience to global shocks and maintain a robust growth rate despite challenges.
3.Earlier in the day, Secretary Shri Garg also led the Indian delegation in the G-20 FMCBG Meeting in which the deliberations centred on key risks facing the global economy, enhancing a resilient international financial architecture, financing infrastructure development, progress on compact with Africa as well as streamlining of the GPFI process among others.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=184168

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CIC Annunal Convention 2018:
1.Shri Radha Krishan Mathur, Central information Commission, said that two significant changes have taken place since, last Convention, Firstly CIC moved into its own building and Secondly, we have fully equipped us for e-hearing.
2.Shri Prashant Sadashiv Prabhu Tendolkar, State Chief Information Commissioner, Goa, highlighted the issues on a need for effective implementation.
3.Ms. Deepa Deshpande, Director, Yashada, Pune, highlighted the issues on Right to privacy and Justice Shrikrishana Committee on Data Protection Framework of India.
pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=184164

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