Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-14

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-14

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Bolsonaro’s Brazil?:
1.The former army captain who belongs to the Social Liberal Party notched up 46% of the vote, only a few percentage points short of crossing the 50% needed for an outright victory, in a multi-cornered contest.
2.In a graphic illustration of the sharp polarisation in Latin America’s largest country, he left his nearest rival, Fernando Haddad, of the Workers’ Party (PT), who garnered 29% of the vote, far behind.
3.A lawyer and an economist, he espouses more moderate economic positions than either Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva or Dilma Rousseff, former Presidents and the architects of generous welfare programmes.

By extension: NRC for Tripura:
1.Just three months after the final draft of the National Register of Citizens for Assam was released, the Supreme Court has tagged a petition seeking a similar process for Tripura.
2.The question of what awaits the four million people whose names did not figure in the final NRC draft, and have been given a second chance to prove their antecedents, still hangs in the balance.
3.Embarking on any such bureaucratic exercise without considering its deep humanitarian impact will only create new fault lines — especially in a State like Tripura where there is no such unanimity of views on the NRC process.

The danger in talking past each other:
1.There is a convincing argument, which I have made in my column earlier, that digitalised communication makes it easier to evade difference, and to stereotype and ridicule it.
2.Disturbingly, in digitalised interactions one need not engage with the other; one can simply ‘unfriend’ a person one disagrees with (as Donald Trump regularly does) — or only accept Facebook friends one agrees with.
3.If reading was just a mechanical act — which is what it appears to be much of the time on social media — then perhaps political polarisation would be the inevitable state of human communication.

Too much dissent on Aadhaar:
1.If both Dalits and farmers decide to suffer silently, then some anti-nationals start blathering about the painter Raphael, and how the government has struck a corrupt deal to buy his paintings at an inflated price and hang them forcibly at Army headquarters.
2.As Darwin observed in his famous letter to Jawaharlal Nehru, “Finger prints evolved over millennia so that each member of a species can have a unique identity via an Aadhaar number, without which no one deserves to get pension, ration card, or admission in Jio Institute.”
3.At the individual level, by helping each one of us discard our attachments to worldly things like human rights, privacy, and bank accounts — all of which are nothing but the alluring dance of maya — Aadhaar would keep us on the straight and narrow path toward enlightenment.

Devotion under natural light:
1.His father, Lala Hukumat Rai, had been invited to shift from Hisar to Delhi by Emperor Shah Alam II.
2.In the Naya Jain Mandir, as James Fergusson comments, “It was left for a Jaina architect of the end of the 18th or beginning of the last (20th) century, in the Muhammadan city of Delhi to suggest a mode by which what was only conventionally beautiful might really become an appropriate and really constructive part of lithic architecture.”
3.The Jain temples also give us a peep into how beautifully and profusely the medieval buildings, be they secular or religious, must have been painted and decorated.

Empathising with victims of sexual assault:
1.Imagine, in this midst of this experience, being confronted with colleagues, friends, even family, privately sympathetic to the trauma, but who advise you to remain silent in public, to keep the story to yourself, to move on.
2.Only then can victims move properly from a passive state of disengagement to active engagement with the world, learn to live their life again and rebuild relations with friends, family and members of the wider community.
3.Victims are silent out of shame and fear; without conditions that bolster confidence and reduce apprehension and, in extreme cases, treat traumatic emotional disorders, they are usually reticent about entering the public domain.

Reading between the rankings:
1.Delivering the inaugural address, the Prime Minister announced that the government would make available ₹1 lakh crore for infrastructure in higher education by 2022.
2.While the freeing of universities from external control and increasing their resource base is for the better, the question is whether these moves can by themselves raise higher education in India to the desirable global level.
3.Beneath the mushroom cloud of UGC regulations, governing everything from hours to assessment, there are no norms making for the attainment of excellence or the empowerment of faculty so that they deliver to their highest potential.

Honest, consistent taxpayers to be feted by government; policy proposal in works:
1.The proposal will be vetted by the Finance Ministry and sent for final approval to the Prime Ministers Office (PMO) before it is cleared by the Union cabinet.
2.A cabinet note to enhance the output of the Central Processing Centre (CPC) of the department in Bengaluru has already been prepared and sent.
3.It is proposed that taxpayers who have been consistently paying their taxes or even just filing their returns can be hosted at civic receptions held by prominent government functionaries and are honoured publicly, they said.

PM Narendra Modi to brainstorm oil scenario with global CEOs:
1.Sources said Saudi Oil Minister Khalid A Al Falih, BP CEO Bob Dudley, Total head Patrick Fouyane, Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani and Vedanta chief Anil Agarwal are expected to attend the meeting Monday.
2.The government is looking at private investment to raise domestic oil and gas production, which has stagnated for the last few years while fuel demand has been rising by 5-6 per cent annually.
3.Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries ( OPEC ) Secretary General Mohammed Barkindo and India’s Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan would also attend the meeting, they said.

India International Silk Fair -2018 begins in New Delhi on 16th October:
1.Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani, will inaugurate the 6 th edition of India International Silk Fair (IISF) in New Delhi on October 16, 2018.
2.The silk industry is agriculture based and labour intensive and provides gainful employment to around 8 million artisans and weavers in rural areas.
3.The fair will give a platform to exporters to display their products and to overseas buyers an opportunity to place orders and source their merchandize.

Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey releases analytical report of the National Health Profile-2018:
1.NHRR will cohesively work with Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) and Central TB Division (CTD) on an integrated plan for the larger benefit of ensuing Hospital empanelment and private sector engagement.
2.The NHRR project involves conducting a national census for all public and private healthcare facilities including hospitals, doctors, clinics, blood banks, pharmacies, diagnostic labs etc.
3.Some key benefits of the NHRR project are to create a reliable, unified registry of country’s healthcare resources showing the distribution pattern of health facilities and services between cities and rural areas.

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