Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-19
Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams
1.With the collapse of the PDP-BJP coalition government in June this year, the absence of Kashmiri parties from the fray could heighten alienation at the street level.
2.This indicated a willing acceptance of the need to engage in electoral democracy to address civic concerns even if there were substantive differences and anger with the State and Central governments over issues such as security, human rights violations and the status of J&K.
3.The work of the Centre’s interlocutor, Dineshwar Sharma, to carry forward a dialogue with various groups and individuals in the State has also not been enough to arrest misgivings in the Valley.
1.With 80 laboratory-confirmed cases of the Zika virus already in Jaipur, including 22 pregnant women, the latest outbreak is India’s most severe so far.
2.The absence of travel history outside India in the recent past by any of the infected individuals indicates the virus is prevalent in the mosquito population.
3.Spread through sex, without multiple instances of infection by mosquitoes is unlikely, given the spurt in the number of cases within a narrow time window in a small community.
Unclogging our oceans:
1.The Hindu recently reported that scientists at Kochi’s Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology studied ghost nets in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
2.When bigger violations, such as large vessels fishing where they are not supposed to, are not checked, would a policy on the management of ghost nets be implemented, asks Divya Karnad, a marine biologist.
3.Images of turtles tangled in nylon and of beautiful blue oceans blemished by a mist-like white net floating about highlight the plight of marine life and prompt immediate action.
Cleanliness and godliness:
1.Across India, the celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi last month witnessed not only devotional joy but also public consternation at the environmental destruction caused by the immersion of idols in water.
2.So, it should come as no surprise that political leaders sometimes choose to stand uncomfortably with brooms surrounded by artistically strewn waste to suggest the social value of sweeping.
3.If the Swachh Bharat initiative had a punitive element, it could potentially drive civic sense forward and change the way people consume, generate and dispose waste.
What is pollution haven hypothesis in economics?:
1.This is because complying with the tough environmental standards in developed countries is usually a costly affair.
2.So it makes economic sense to locate operations in countries with poor environmental standards.
3.Apart from lax environmental regulations, people and policymakers in developing countries also attach a lower value to the need for a clean environment.
1.But the French Polynesian and Brazilian outbreaks were linked to deadlier conditions such as microcephaly, in which the child of a Zika-infected mother is born with an abnormally small head.
2.In rare cases, patients also developed Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes potentially fatal muscle weakness.
3.According to Nathan D. Grubaugh, a Zika genomics researcher at the Yale School of Public Health, American studies show that if 50-60% of a population is exposed to the virus, herd immunity develops and transmission stops.
Labelling, the new illiteracy of our times:
1.According to the Census, “a person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate.” We are now seeing a form of illiteracy creeping on those who are literate and this has to do with the term “understanding” in the above definition.
2.Everything in our society today has been reduced to labels: Left, Right, man, woman, Brahmin, Dalit, Hindu, Muslim, and so on.
3.In the case of the play, the few people who are labelling it without reading or watching it are misusing the hard-won freedom of interpretation for their personal ends.
1.Nonetheless, the PT is struggling to build a ‘national anti-fascist front with the left and progressive, humanist and liberal democratic sections’, says Professor Monica Bruckmann who teaches politics at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
2.During this period, the PT under Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff used high commodity prices to conduct a modest redistribution scheme for the very poor.
3.Prof. Valter Pomar, who teaches international relations at the Federal University of ABC and a leader of the PT, says the ‘normal’ right encouraged the extreme right to overthrow Ms. Rousseff and ensnare Mr. Lula.
Myanmar and the limits of pan-Islamism:
1.In the past, Muslim-majority countries such as Bangladesh and Malaysia, at the receiving end of refugee flows from Myanmar numbering in the tens and even hundreds of thousands, have acted forcefully to prevent the Rohingya from entering their territories.
2.The Rohingya cause represents the return of states to leadership roles within the Muslim world, and it has made Islamic unity possible for the first time since the sectarian bloodletting of the Syrian war, to say nothing of the divide between Saudi-led and pro-Iranian movements across West Asia.
3.The ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya having been accomplished by Myanmar, and Muslim politicians with their constituencies around the world having had the chance to denounce it, the matter can be dropped until Rakhine’s violence and refugees once again attract the interest of a European or American public.
China trade pact stalls as Trump tariffs feed India backlash:
1.Stumbling Blocks At a ministerial meeting in Singapore last weekend, however, India continued to resist pressure to make a more ambitious commitment to lower its tariffs on imported goods, according to regional trade officials.
2.That raises questions about the longer-term prospects for RCEP, which began life as an effort by the 10-country Association of South-East Asian Nations to bring its individual trade deals with China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand under one umbrella.
3.Glass Half Full Unlike the TPP — initially conceived in part as a way for Asia-Pacific nations to lessen economic dependence on China — which goes beyond traditional trade issues to address intellectual property, labor rights and state-owned enterprises, RCEP is more limited with a focus on goods and services.
Dual jurisdiction under GST opens door for traders’ harassment: CAIT:
1.Seeking Finance Minister Arun Jaitley ‘s intervention in the matter, the CAIT in a letter claimed that the decision of the GST Council allowing jurisdiction to central as well as state tax administration over assesses “not only allows overlapping of jurisdiction and harassment of traders but will also complicate the taxation system”
2.”We request you to please look into the matter in the light of its adverse ramifications and urge the GST Council to reconsider its decision and allow only one Authority to have jurisdiction on assesses,” it said.
3.Under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, which was rolled out from July 1, 2017, the taxpayers were assigned to Central and state officials on the basis of annual turnover.
Text of PM’s address at the Centenary year celebrations of Shri SaiBaba Samadhi:
1.साथियों, जब गरीबों के जीवन और स्वास्थ्य की बात आती है। जो आजकल पूरी दुनियां में आयुषमान भारत यानी PMJAY प्रधानमंत्री जन आरोग्य योजना की बड़ी चर्चा हो रही है इसके तहत हर वर्ष देश के करीब 50 करोड़ नागरिकों को गंभीर बीमारी के स्थिति में मुफ्त इलाज सुनिश्चित किया गया है।
2.भाईयो और बहनों समाज का हर वर्ग, हर जन सुखी हों, सबका जीवन सरल और सुलभ हो इसी लक्ष्य के साथ सरकार काम कर रही हैं। मेरी जानकारी है कि राज्य के हिस्से हमारे महाराष्ट्र में वरुण देव की कृपा कुछ कम हुई है, बारिश कम हुई है। मैं आपको आशवस्त करता हूं कि प्रधानमंत्री फसल बीमा योजना के तहत उसके माध्यम से आपको जल्द से जल्द राहत मिलेगी ही। इसके अतिरिक्त महाराष्ट्र सरकार जो कदम उठाएगी उसमें केंद्र भी कंधे से कंधा मिलाकर के पूरा सहयोग करेगी।
3.मैं महाराष्ट्र के लोगों की इस बात के लिए भी प्रशंसा करुंगा कि उन्होंने सिंचाई टैंकों की सफाई Desiltation के अभियान को बहुत सफलता पूर्वक चलाया है। Irrigation टैंकों से 9 करोड़ क्यूबिक मीटर की silt निकालने का काम आसान नहीं है। लेकिन आप लोगों ने जन-भागीदारी से एक अभुतपूर्व काम करके पूरे देश को रास्ता दिखाया है। मुझे बताया गया है कि यही काम अगर किसी contractor को दे देते तो छ: सौ करोड़ से भी ज्यादा खर्च होता। लेकिन यही काम आपने अपने परिश्रम से कर दिखाया है।
Building the future together;:
1.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that building the future together is the need of the hour and promoting Inclusive growth and Sustainable Connectivity should be the priority.
2.Excellencies, my country considers economic offences, tax crimes and criminal misappropriation of public assets as a significant threat to the integrity of financial systems.
3.India values its participation in ASEM which acts as a bridge between the two continents and brings together countries with deep commitment to the rules based international system in particular strengthening WTO.
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