Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-23

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-23

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Turf battle: on independent payments regulator:
1.So, according to this logic, it might make better sense to have the RBI oversee the activities of payments banks as well instead of creating a brand new regulator for the growing industry.
2.The RBI, in essence, is pointing to the interconnection between the payments industry and the banking system to back the extension of its regulatory powers.
3.The fact that the RBI has made public its dissent against the Union government’s idea, suggests that the central bank has serious problems with the dilution of its current powers over the financial sector.

A shocking mystery: on Jamal Khashoggi’s death:
1.And MBS, over the past year, has amassed such huge powers and has even been micromanaging policy decisions, that it would be difficult for an operation of this scale to be executed without it being brought to his notice.
2.Second, it is difficult to believe that a rogue general would send to Turkey in two chartered aircraft a 15-member security team, including a forensic expert who was reportedly carrying a bone saw, just to confront a 59-year-old journalist.
3.The Turkish authorities claim to possess an audio recording relating to the assassination, according to which Khashoggi was tortured and killed inside the consulate, and his body dismembered.

What is ‘premature deindustrialisation’ in economics?:
1.This refers to a phenomenon wherein the growth of an economy’s manufacturing sector begins to slow down prematurely in its path towards development.
2.Economists generally picture economic development as a process by which labour and other resources gradually move from agriculture to the manufacturing sector before these resources move to the services sector at higher stages of development.
3.The concept was popularised in 2015 by Turkish economist Dani Rodrik.

Fanning the flames:
1.In his recent book, The Sarkari Musalman , retired Lieutenant general Zameeruddin Shah mentions that he was commanding the Army troops sent to Gujarat to quell the “riots” in the State.
2.Similarly, after Indira Gandhi’s assassination on October 31, 1984, the massacre of Sikhs in Delhi and other places started, but the Army was not called to quell them until the night of November 3.
3.Now, with the coming Assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Mizoram, are we again going to witness communal horrors such as those of Muzaffarnagar, as well as lynchings?

The value of a health scheme:
1.On September 24, the government launched the grand government-funded healthcare scheme, the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY).
2.I discovered that the way beneficiaries of RSBY (Below Poverty Line households) perceived the scheme was not as a health right but in terms of the value it imparted, which was measured along multiple dimensions.
3.The biggest challenges for the success of the PMJAY scheme are not just financial and infrastructural at the local level, but how its value is perceived by the community.

Populism confronts reality:
1.It is two months since Imran Khan became Pakistan’s Prime Minister with the very partisan and public support and assistance from Pakistan’s military and its clandestine organisations, when his main opponent, Nawaz Sharif, and his daughter were put behind bars following a highly controversial and dubious legal judgment.
2.Moreover, some of the senior members of his team, in addition to having won their own seats, have had their close relatives (son, daughter, wife) elected to the National and Provincial Assemblies, rubbishing claims of a non-nepotistic style of government.
3.When he was launching his Housing Scheme, Mr. Khan tried to allay the fears of his audience about the impending economic crisis and told them, “ Ghabrain nahin, hausla rakhain (do not worry, have fortitude).” Perhaps the chasm between populist promises and hard realities in Pakistan can only be filled by faith, belief and a prayer.

When misogyny reared its ugly head at a press meet:
1.Members of the association, including playback singer Chinmayi Sripaada, filmmaker and poet Leena Manimekalai, director and actor Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, and anchor Sriranjani, had gathered to lend their support to women from the Tamil film industry who had shared their accounts of being subject to sexual harassment and misconduct over the years.
2.Discussions about the #MeToo movement would create awareness about sexual harassment and broaden the discourse in the film industry, I thought.
3.Finally, silence descended on the room, albeit briefly, when Sripaada stood up with folded hands and pleaded with the reporters to be more sensitive.

Ripe for prison reform:
1.One must also not forget that its formation comes at a time when controversy surrounds the Tamil Nadu government’s recommendation that the seven convicts in the assassination, in 1991, of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi be released.
2.In my view, any exercise to improve prison conditions — though not directly related to a plea for mercy, such as convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi case — must not ignore this axiom.
3.As long as there are no stakes here for lawmakers, one can hardly hope for model prisons, where inmates are accommodated with due regard to their basic human needs and are handled with dignity.

Understanding the concept of Special Category Status:
1.The manner in which the Special Category Status is understood in Andhra Pradesh is vastly different from how former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh worded it in Parliament at the time when the State was to be divided.
2.This will put the State finances on a firmer footing.” In fact an analysis of starting of these two schemes of special category status and industrial incentives makes it clear there is nothing in common between them.
3.At present, for the Northeastern States, the earlier financing pattern is being continued based on the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers who examined the issue of rationalisation of Central sector/Central-sponsored schemes.

The judiciary’s #MeToo moment:
1.But it is the shape and the form of defamation law that often determines whether the balance has been struck appropriately, or whether, in the guise of protecting reputation, the freedom of speech and expression has been effectively stifled.
2.The disproportionality of criminalising what is essentially a civil wrong, and the numerous ways in which the specific structure of Indian criminal defamation law chills and suffocates free expression, was not considered by the court.
3.And the courts now have a fresh opportunity: this is no longer about an abstract challenging to the constitutionality of criminal defamation, but a live issue about the relationship between our legal system and a social movement aimed at publicly redressing long-standing injustices.

More Indians are paying tax now, but the salaried are still taking the biggest hit:
1.On the flip side, compared to 2015-16, there was a marginal decrease in the number of fashion designers and nursing homes that filed returns in 2016-17.
2.We are doing data analysis continuously,” Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) chairman Sushil Chandra said.
3.In fact, CBDT has asked its officers to look at data on overseas deposits, real estate and other assets that is now available through information flowing from other countries.

India responding well to US-China trade war: EEPC India:
1.While the Commerce Ministry has already begun exercise on this strategy, we in the engineering sector would extend our full support , in terms of sharing key inputs and market intelligence from across different territories , mainly the US where the opportunities are galore in the backdrop of robust growth and vacation of space by the high tariff wall for the Chinese goods,” Mr Sehgal said.
2.He said, the focus should be on value addition and increasing the competitiveness of exporters, which can be achieved by straightening some of procedural issues for tax refunds, customs clearances .
3.Exporters, especially in the manufacturing , need to keep their costs in check by getting raw material at the globally competitive prices while logistics support is also important”.

President of India Addresses 15th Convocation of Symbiosis International University:
1.The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, graced and addressed the 15 th convocation of the Symbiosis International University in Pune today (October 23, 2018).
2.In modern times as well our campuses have been open to and welcoming of talented young people from many countries, especially those in our neighbourhood and in Africa – a continent with which we have a special relationship, shaped in classrooms.
3.In this context, the government has taken a decision to promote and support 20 institutions of higher education as “institutes of eminence” – to grant them recruitment and curricula flexibility in order to reach best-in-class global standards.

Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot Calls for Coordinated Efforts for the Welfare of Divyangjans:
1.Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment inaugurated the “ National Workshop on Physical and Mental Disabilities in the Light of Global Best Practices in Care, Rehabilitation and Research” here today.
2.Delivering inaugural address, Shri Gehlot said that this workshop has been organized to promote the best practices from across the globe in the area of care, rehabilitation and research in relation to the 21 disabilities of RPWD Act 2016.
3.It is essential that a developing country like India tailor its actions to address the existing challenges of Early Identification, Early Intervention, Education, Skilling, Employment, Home Living and Community Livings as it looked upon as a Model developing state; making it very vital that we establish infrastructure, scientific strategies and protocol of services for all the disabilities covered under RPwD Act.

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