Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-24

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-24

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

In the net: on direct tax base:
1.The steps taken by the Union government over the last few years to widen its tax base may finally be yielding some rewards.
2.The average income reported by individual and corporate taxpayers also witnessed a significant rise in the last three years.
3.Efforts to draft a new direct tax code, however, are yet to yield fruit due to bureaucratic delays.

Trouble at the top: on CBI power play:
1.On the other hand, if Mr. Asthana is shown to be wrongly implicated, and his own charges — set out in a complaint to the Central Vigilance Commission — that other CBI officers are interfering in ongoing probes are proved right, the situation will be no better.
2.Clearly, the existing procedure for the appointment of CBI Directors, which is made by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice of India and the Leader of the Opposition, has not stripped the office of controversy.
3.The CBI labours under a dual image: an independent agency in the perception of those disillusioned with the conduct of the jurisdiction police, and a ‘caged parrot’ or a handmaiden of the ruling party at the Centre in the eyes of the national Opposition.

The political writing on the wall:
1.N. Chandrababu Naidu, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister and national president of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), has again sprung a political surprise.
2.After suddenly walking out of the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance, earlier this year, ostensibly over the denial of ‘Special Category Status (SCS) to Andhra Pradesh’, he is now cosying up to the Congress, in turn shaking the foundation of the TDP which was built on and has thrived on the plank of anti-Congressism.
3.An incident, in 1982, of then State Chief Minister T. Anjaiah being “humiliated” by Rajiv Gandhi, then All India Congress Committee general secretary, at Hyderabad airport, was so effectively used by NTR to buttress his ‘self-respect and anti-Congress’ narrative that he stormed to power in January 1983, within months of founding the TDP.

Fanning the flames:
1.In his recent book, The Sarkari Musalman , retired Lieutenant general Zameeruddin Shah mentions that he was commanding the Army troops sent to Gujarat to quell the “riots” in the State.
2.Similarly, after Indira Gandhi’s assassination on October 31, 1984, the massacre of Sikhs in Delhi and other places started, but the Army was not called to quell them until the night of November 3.
3.Now, with the coming Assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Mizoram, are we again going to witness communal horrors such as those of Muzaffarnagar, as well as lynchings?

The value of a health scheme:
1.On September 24, the government launched the grand government-funded healthcare scheme, the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY).
2.I discovered that the way beneficiaries of RSBY (Below Poverty Line households) perceived the scheme was not as a health right but in terms of the value it imparted, which was measured along multiple dimensions.
3.The biggest challenges for the success of the PMJAY scheme are not just financial and infrastructural at the local level, but how its value is perceived by the community.

Populism confronts reality:
1.It is two months since Imran Khan became Pakistan’s Prime Minister with the very partisan and public support and assistance from Pakistan’s military and its clandestine organisations, when his main opponent, Nawaz Sharif, and his daughter were put behind bars following a highly controversial and dubious legal judgment.
2.Moreover, some of the senior members of his team, in addition to having won their own seats, have had their close relatives (son, daughter, wife) elected to the National and Provincial Assemblies, rubbishing claims of a non-nepotistic style of government.
3.When he was launching his Housing Scheme, Mr. Khan tried to allay the fears of his audience about the impending economic crisis and told them, “ Ghabrain nahin, hausla rakhain (do not worry, have fortitude).” Perhaps the chasm between populist promises and hard realities in Pakistan can only be filled by faith, belief and a prayer.

When misogyny reared its ugly head at a press meet:
1.Members of the association, including playback singer Chinmayi Sripaada, filmmaker and poet Leena Manimekalai, director and actor Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, and anchor Sriranjani, had gathered to lend their support to women from the Tamil film industry who had shared their accounts of being subject to sexual harassment and misconduct over the years.
2.Discussions about the #MeToo movement would create awareness about sexual harassment and broaden the discourse in the film industry, I thought.
3.Finally, silence descended on the room, albeit briefly, when Sripaada stood up with folded hands and pleaded with the reporters to be more sensitive.

What is ‘premature deindustrialisation’ in economics?:
1.This refers to a phenomenon wherein the growth of an economy’s manufacturing sector begins to slow down prematurely in its path towards development.
2.Economists generally picture economic development as a process by which labour and other resources gradually move from agriculture to the manufacturing sector before these resources move to the services sector at higher stages of development.
3.The concept was popularised in 2015 by Turkish economist Dani Rodrik.

Outcomes versus promises:
1.Summits have often led to spectacular breakthroughs — in the 2009 meeting between Dmitry Medvedev and Mr. Singh the log-jam in the long pending sale to India of the Russian aircraft carrier, Gorshkov (since renamed Vikramaditya) could be resolved and, in the latest instance, the inking of the $5.4 billion S-400 Triumf missile defence system.
2.The recent 2+2 Dialogue between India and the U.S., on the other hand, is a new concept, and while it has been hailed as a path-breaking event paving the way for an avalanche of state-of-the art defence equipment from the U.S., the outcomes from this initial meet were clearly dwarfed by what took place during Mr. Putin’s visit.
3.Appearing to reject U.S. overtures, while the latter is seen making every effort to provide India with state-of-the art defence equipment, and acting in tandem with it in groupings such as the Quadrilateral, could prove short-sighted.

Business confidence improves marginally in October-December quarter: Report:
1.Corporate India’s business optimism for the October-December quarter improved marginally on expectations of higher festive season demand, implementation of the 7th Pay Commission awards and increase in minimum support price (MSP) of Kharif crops, a report said Wednesday.
2.”Aspects that appear to improve optimism levels are expectations of higher demand given the festive season, implementation of the 7th Pay Commission awards, reduction in the GST rates on selected commodities and increase in MSP of Khariff crops,” said Manish Sinha, managing director – India, Dun & Bradstreet.
3.”Going forward, the index will depend upon the unfolding of further information or regulations on the NBFCs following the recent default by a systemically important NBFC which is likely to add to the cautiousness amongst businesses, especially MSMEs, as they are largely funded by this segment,” Sinha said.

Government approves scheme for setting up Indian Institute of Skills:
1.NEW DELHI: The government Wednesday approved a scheme for setting up of Indian Institute of Skills (IISs) at different locations across the country in public private partnership (PPP).
2.The setting up of IISs would augment the global competitiveness of key sectors of Indian economy by providing high quality skill training, applied research education and a direct and meaningful connection with industry, an official release said.
3.”It will provide opportunity to aspiring youth across the country to have access to highly skilled training, and enhance the scope of accountability through its linkage with industry and global competitiveness across sectors,” it said.

Competition Commission of India brings-out Policy Note on ‘Making Markets Work for Affordable Healthcare’:
1.Electronic trading of drugs, with appropriate regulatory safeguards, could be another potent instrument for bringing in transparency andspurring price competition among platforms and among retailers, as has been witnessed in other product segments.
2.However, it is also equally possible that the brand proliferation is to introduce artificial product differentiation in the market, offering no therapeutic difference but allowing firms to extract rents.
3.Unless the quality of drugs sold in markets can be taken to be in conformance of the statutory standards regardless of their brand names, generic competition in the true sense of the term cannot take off.

Government constitutes GoM to strengthen legal & institutional frameworks to deal with & prevent sexual harassment at workplace:
1.The Government today constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) to examine the existing legal and institutional frameworks for dealing with matters of sexual harassment of women at the workplace.
2.The Group of Ministers has been constituted in view of the felt need for broader consultation on this issue, from the point of view of developing appropriate recommendations and laying down a comprehensive plan of action and for ensuring its time bound implementation.
3.The Group of Ministers will, within 3 months of its constitution, examine the existing provisions for the safety of women, including those mentioned above, and recommend further measures required to strengthen and make them more effective.

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