Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-28

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-28

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Defusing tensions:
1.The government had suggested that it took the first step earlier this week to defuse tensions arising from the feud between the two top officers of the agency when it asked Mr. Verma and Special Director Rakesh Asthana to go on leave, and appointed M. Nageswara Rao as its interim chief.
2.The court, while entertaining a writ petition from Mr. Verma questioning the legality of the order divesting him of his powers, has asked the CVC for a quick probe within two weeks into allegations against him contained in a letter sent by the Cabinet Secretary on August 24.
3.Responding to the government’s reservations about such external supervision of the work of a statutory authority, whose primary responsibility is superintendence over the CBI in anti-corruption investigations, the court clarified that it is a one-time exception given the peculiar facts of this case.

Touching base:
1.Prime Minister Narendra Modi now heads to Japan for meetings with his Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, and they are expected to take stock of all the challenges they face, notably with regard to the U.S. and China.
2.President Donald Trump’s recent actions on trade tariffs, sanctions against Iran and Russia, as well as the U.S.’s exit from several multilateral and security regimes are impacting both countries in different ways.
3.The Prime Ministers are bound to compare notes on the way forward with their common neighbour, especially on building and financing alternatives to China’s Belt and Road projects for countries along the “Asia-Africa growth corridor”.

Trial by voters: on AIADMK rebel MLAs disqualification:
1.But with the Madras High Court upholding the disqualification of 18 legislators for defection, Tamil Nadu appears set to witness elections to 20 seats, including two rendered vacant by the death of the members.
2.Indeed, the arithmetic of the numbers in the Assembly aside, the AIADMK would need to win a majority of the seats at stake in the byelections in order to keep its flock of MLAs together and fight off erosion in the wider support base.
3.With film stars Kamal Haasan and Rajinikanth already preparing the ground to mount a challenge in the Assembly election, every additional share of the electoral pie will mean a lot for both Mr. Palaniswami and Mr. Stalin.

Think small: on Ganga rejuvenation:
1.conducted by the Centre for Science and Environment has now exposed broken links, of faecal sludge and septage being collected from household tanks and simply discharged into drains, open land and wetlands.
2.One immediate intervention needed is the creation of an inter-departmental task force to identify land to build small treatment systems for sludge, and to provide easily accessible solutions to houses that are currently discharging waste into open drains.
3.It is untenable that manual scavengers continue to be employed in violation of the law to clean septic tanks in some places, and caste factors play out in the recruitment of workers even in the mechanised operations.

Proceed with caution:
1.The clamour for compilation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Tripura reflects a real problem but also exposes deep demographic fault lines in the north-eastern State bordering Bangladesh.
2.Before any concrete plan on the NRC exercise is firmed up, the BJP-led governments at the Centre and in Tripura may push the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 to woo the post-Partition Bengali refugees by playing upon the perceived fear among them of being reduced to non-citizens if July 19, 1948 is taken as the cut-off date.
3.The deep demographic fault lines and the history of a bitter insurgency-ravaged past should, however, remind both New Delhi and Agartala that mishandling of the citizenship issue may push Tripura into a protracted conflict situation that will be difficult to resolve.

HAL: the backbone of the Indian Air Force:
1.While the negotiated price per aircraft is closely guarded under the secrecy clause of the contract, the poor performance wrongly alluded to HAL, unfortunately, and has been made a subject of open debate that has harmed its image.
2.A brief history of the defence undertaking would be relevant here.Itwas started way back in December 1940 by industrialist Seth Walchand Hirachand with the support of an American aviation expert, William Douglas Pawley, who was the director of the erstwhile Harlow Aircraft Company, California.
3.In a short span of two years, the selection of the site, construction of factory and office buildings, recruitment and training of engineers and technicians, procurement of machinery, aircraft components, assembly and testing were all accomplished within the time line.

What is cream skimming in business?:
1.This refers to a business practice where a company decides to serve only customers who can add a substantial amount of profits to the company’s bottom line.
2.While the practice has been criticised as discriminatory, some have argued that low-value customers may still be served by other profit-seeking firms.
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Peddlers of hate:
1.Kalburgi’s recounting of Ananthamurthy’s anecdote was distorted by the local media, especially by a Kannada channel owned by a current BJP MP.
2.Participating in the first-year commemoration of Lankesh’s murder, playwright Girish Karnad, also named on the hit list, carried a placard around his neck that read: “Me Too Urban Naxal”.
3.Jawaharlal Nehru University student leader Umar Khalid, who was shot at in New Delhi on August 13 by two men, said: “The real culprits are those spokespersons of the ruling party and the prime time anchors and TV channels who have spread canards about me, branded me anti-national based on lies and virtually incited a lynch-mob against me.” What the media publishes or broadcasts has huge consequences.

Driven by notions of purity and impurity:
1.While heated debates and discussions were expected after the Supreme Court’s Sabarimala judgment , what is unusual is the kind of public intervention made by Union Minister Smriti Irani in her widely reported speech in Mumbai.
2.While the RSS talks of a pan-Hindu unity, across castes and regions, the Sangh Parivar has always stood on the side of upper-caste orthodoxy, hurling stones, bricks and sticks at Dalits who dared to enter temples.
3.In contrast to the first statement of their all-India spokesperson welcoming the judgment, against their own history of linkages of social reform with the national movement, in Kerala today the Congress shamefully stands with the BJP and the RSS.

#MeTooIndia: Will it change the way men behave?:
1.However, as a law enforcement officer, serving at a time when police organisations are rightly facing flak for not doing enough to ensure women’s safety, I have good reason to express a note of caution and concern.
2.However, our criminal justice system — the police, the forensic and medico-legal facilities, our prosecutorial agencies and our courts — has not been provided with sufficient additional resources to give teeth to the law.
3.By taking the conversation out of the realm of criminality, #MeToo has made visible misogynistic words and actions, and the spectre of an unequal, oppressive and sexist playing field.

Who will speak truth to unfreedom?:
1.The objective is to fine-tune sensibilities and push back horizons, familiarise young people with the best in literature, philosophy, political science, history, sociology, aesthetics and psychology, and keep alive the spirit of critical inquiry.
2.Shortly after they came to power in 2014, leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party began to demonise one of the finest centres of academic excellence and enlightened debate, the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU).
3.Instead of strengthening the public university, which was meant to be a training ground for citizenship, the government has deliberately weakened an academic structure that has great potential to chart a route to opportunity and social justice.

Our time begins now:
1.The 1.5° C report calls for societal transformation on a global scale that “reflect[s] the links, synergies and trade-offs between mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development.” Recent events, however, show that we cannot trade off forests, urban water bodies, riverine ecosystems, waste management or groundwater as these come back to bite us as floods, landslides, droughts and infectious disease.
2.Similarly, in a recent comment in Nature , Harini Nagendra points out that India has for long had strongly rooted cultural movements about living sustainably with land and its ecology that provide practical models.
3.In transport and urbanisation, the challenge is to create isotropic communities in the areas of the peri-urban, the rapidly expanding hinterland, which would have to be designed around not cars but walking, cycling and sustainable neighbourhood vehicles.

Finance ministry seeks input from ministries for Arun Jaitley’s next Budget Speech:
1.During the process, meetings will be held with ministries of steel, power, and housing and urban development to finalise revised expenditure for the current fiscal and projections for the next financial year.
2.This gives government departments more leeway to spend as well as allow companies time to adapt to business and taxation plans.
3.Previously, when the budget was presented at the end of February, the three-stage Parliament approval process used to get completed some time in mid-May, weeks ahead of the onset of monsoon rains.

CBIC to focus on behavioural patterns of taxpayers to improve GST compliance:
1.Soon, GST officers will study the behavioural pattern of certain taxpayers to nudge them to comply with tax laws, in a departure from the current practice of focussing only on deterrent action to check evasion.
2.Those who do not comply with tax laws and deliberately evade their responsibility would be categorised as ‘disengaged’, while those who view the system as oppressive but can be persuaded if their concerns are addressed will fall under the category of ‘resisters’.
3.The first meeting of the ‘Nudge Team’ will be called soon by the Principal Director General GST to decide on the strategy to adopt the new approach at the field level.

President of India to visit Himachal Pradesh on October 29 and 30:
1.President of India to visit Himachal Pradesh on October 29 and 30 The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, will visit Himachal Pradesh on October 29 and 30, 2018.
2.On October 29, 2018, the President will grace the first convocation of Dr Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra.
3.On October 30, 2018, the President will grace the 24 th convocation of Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla.

English rendering of PM’s address in 49th episode of Mann Ki Baat on 28.10.2018:
1.Whether Junagadh, Hyderabad, Travancore, or for that matter the princely states of Rajasthan, if we are able to see a United India now, it was entirely on account of the sagacity & strategic wisdom of Sardar Patel.
2.This is one subject that inspires us to look into our dignified past and our ancient traditions, Today, the whole world and specially the western countries are discussing about environment protection and are trying to find new ways to adopt a balanced life style.
3.My dear brothers and sisters, this is a fact that the tribal community believes in very peaceful and harmonious co-existence but, if somebody tries to harm and cause damage to their natural resources, they do not shy away from fighting for their rights.

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