Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-31

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-10-31

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Zia, cornered: on BNP facing setback in Bangladesh:
1.With her son and acting chairman of the BNP, Tarique Rahman, in exile, and convicted in absentia and sentenced to life imprisonment for his alleged role in a grenade attack on an Awami League rally, the party’s leadership has been effectively crippled.
2.It is no wonder that the BNP has formed an alliance, the Jatiya Oikya Front, with other minor parties, under the leadership of secular icon and civil society leader Kamal Hossain to bolster its fortunes in what looks like a lopsided battle against the entrenched Awami League.
3.Bangladesh under Awami rule has recorded steady economic growth and has had creditable successes in welfare delivery and public health measures, seen tangibly in the lowered infant mortality and fertility rates and in sanitation.

Averting polarisation: on SC pushing back Ayodhya verdict:
1.By declining to fix until January 2019 a date for hearing the Ayodhya case , the Supreme Court has judiciously diminished the possibility of a final verdict before the next Lok Sabha election.
2.The decision of a Bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi to put off even the exercise of fixing a date for the final hearing is quite pragmatic.
3.The postponement of the hearing does not preclude an aggressive campaign by those upset and impatient about what they see as a delay in achieving their objective of building a temple at the disputed site.

Universities and patents:
1.Patents help universities to improve their ranking, establish an innovation ecosystem, incubate knowledge-based start-ups, earn additional revenue and measure research activity.
2.Fine-tuning the patent agent examination to cater to the growing IP needs of the country can be a successful way to build a band of professionals and create career opportunities.
3.On October 28, the Central government conducted the competitive examination to test proficiency in patent law, a type of intellectual property right (IPR), after a hiatus of two years.

The everyday hazards of being in the field:
1.The code was simple: as we waded into the crowds of men at political rallies, we held on to each other’s hands and made our way to the front, warning each other to avoid areas where people were particularly rowdy.
2.As tearful reporters told their stories, of being touched and jeered at by male ‘protesters’, I wondered what it would take to change our society — even a brutal gang rape was not enough clearly.
3.As the #MeTooIndia movement gathers steam, hopefully greater awareness of these issues will see professionals from all genders come together to ensure that the next generation is safe from the humiliation of such harassment as well.

Who pays taxes and who doesn’t:
1.Clearly, the Income Declaration Scheme of 2016 and other official measures announced to stem tax evasion by the rich have failed to achieve the desired results.
2.This suggests that the tax base has not deepened among professionals such as lawyers, doctors, accountants and those running private educational institutes, who continue to under-report their income.
3.There is also a need to enhance the deterrence power of the law, which depends on the likelihood of punishing tax evaders along with imposing a fine.

The Telangana gamble:
1.Telangana, India’s youngest State, was to hold Assembly elections next year, but Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao decided to call for early polls .
2.While Mr. Rao may offer his own explanations to voters, the dominant view is that he advanced it as he wanted to avoid holding polls along with the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, which will largely be contested in the name of Narendra Modi.
3.Congress leader and the then Chief Minister of Haryana, Bhupinder Singh Hooda, also called for an early election in 2009 and managed to return to power, but with a reduced majority.

Facebook leaks redux:
1.In general, citizen-consumers have had to choose between two equally unsatisfactory options: either resign themselves to a post-privacy world or be perpetually scrambling to reskill themselves in order to be able to safely navigate the complicated and ever-evolving (mine)field of data privacy and safety.
2.Facebook faces a potential penalty of €20 million or 4% of its global revenue (whichever is higher) if the EU regulator investigating the data breach finds a GDPR violation in connection with the incident.
3.If data security for ordinary users is to become something more than a seminar topic, then an equitable regulatory regime such as the GDPR must become the universal norm, in force beyond the EU jurisdiction as well.

What is social comparison theory in Psychology:
1.This refers to a theory which states that human beings determine their personal worth by comparing themselves to others.
2.People might compare their status with others who are either better off (upward comparison) or worse off (downward comparison) than themselves in the social hierarchy.
3.Such social comparison may be based on a variety of criteria like intelligence, looks and economic status.

The unifier of modern India:
1.“By common endeavour we can raise the country to a new greatness, while a lack of unity will expose us to fresh calamities.” These pragmatic but profound remarks defined the vision and the sterling character of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the principal unifier of modern India.
2.Yet, Patel’s sagacity, foresight, patriotism, tact, persuasive powers and abiding commitment to fair play enabled him to untangle a highly complex political and social problem of an unprecedented scale, without triggering any kind of revolt or civil unrest.
3.Indeed at the most critical time when the country’s political unity was in jeopardy, India found the man of the moment in Sardar Patel, who displayed amazing patience, tact and a steely determination in dealing with an intransigent ruler, who refused to see the writing on the wall and even wanted to take the issue to the United Nations.

India will need USD 4.5 trillion till 2040 for infra development: Amitabh Kant:
1.India will need around USD 4.5 trillion till 2040 for development of infrastructure sector in the country, Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said Wednesday.
2.Kant further said that there is an urgent need to restructure entire existing public private partnership (PPP) framework as there are delays in completion of infrastructure projects due to disputes.
3.”India needs to spend close to around USD 4.5 trillion till 2040 to develop infrastructure in order to really improve overall economic growth and community well being,” he said at an event organised by Dun & Bradstreet (D&B).

CII presents 10 point plan for financial stability:
1.The industry association has further recommended that RBI and SEBI should come out with a road-map to reduce the exposure of mutual funds to NBFCs and HFCs from 40% to 25% in graded tranches.
2.NBFCs and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) are suffering from asset-liability mismatches (ALM), CII noted adding that in a worst-case scenario, this could lead to a run on mutual funds and defaults in the NBFC sector.
3.In the current scenario of lack of liquidity, particularly of short term Commercial Papers, it is leading to a contagion effect, it said adding that the RBI is required to intervene in the interest of the entire financial sector.

Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) September, 2018:
1.Its cumulative index increased by 9.6 per centduring April to September, 2018-19over corresponding period of the previous year.
2.Its cumulative index increased by 6.6 per centduring April to September, 2018-19over the corresponding period of previous year.
3.Its cumulative index increased by 1.8 per centduring April to September, 2018-19 over the corresponding period of previous year.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan launches Asthma Manual for Schools in 11 different languages:
1.Translated in 11 Different Languages, the Manual will be adopted by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change for implementation in over 1 Lakh schools through Eco-Clubs across the India.This manual is a compilation of simple, easy to understand information to know about childhood asthma and best practices that schools can implement.
2.& Co-Founder, Lung Care Foundation said, “With an increasing number of children with an Asthmatic tendency in India, such information becomes all the more important.”
3.It may also cause psychological impact from absenteeism and inability to keep up with the peer group because of the child’s frequent visits to medical care facilities.

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