Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-02

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-02

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Stepping back: on Merkel’s decision to step down after 2021 and future of politics in Germany:
1.Chancellor Merkel’s decision to stand down as leader of the Christian Democratic Union, after leading it for 18 years, was triggered by its poor showing in recent regional elections.
2.But Ms. Merkel’s announcement to quit politics after the end of her current term merely mirrors her waning influence among the conservatives and in the governing coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
3.The implications for the EU from the unfolding transition in Germany are immense, given Berlin’s leadership role over the decades, alongside Paris, in shaping the course of European integration.

Choked by smog: on air pollution:
1.The National Capital Region is badly hit, as the burning of agricultural residue in Punjab and Haryana is releasing large volumes of smoke containing, among other pollutants, highly damaging fine particulates, or PM2.5.
2.Tens of millions live with ambient air quality that is well short of even the relaxed parameters the country has set for fine particulates, compared with those of the World Health Organisation.
3.The UN Environment Programme’s recent report titled ‘Air Pollution in Asia and the Pacific: Science-Based Solutions’ has sounded a warning, pointing out that only 8% of the population in the countries of the region get to breathe air of acceptable quality.

Patel in bronze:
1.Imagine if the ₹2,989 crore spent on the statue was used to, say, fund the rehabilitation of the tribal people and the farmers who are agitating for livelihood and compensation around the Narmada river.
2.Or that vast sum of money was allocated among primary health centres in deeply neglected districts, whether in Odisha, Bihar or Gujarat.
3.If one reads the various proceedings from the Congress Working Committee meetings, one can see what a moderate role he played, bridging the gap between the overarching modernity of Nehru and the rather obstinate attitude of Gandhi.

What’s ‘indifference principle’ in Economics:
1.This refers to the proposition that unless people are special in some way, nothing can make them happier than the next best alternative.
2.So, when they have to choose between two different choices, people prefer one over another until a point when they turn indifferent to both.
3.This happens when the marginal utility that they derive from the initial choice drops gradually until it equals the utility derived from the alternative.

A catalogue of all that’s valuable:
1.In the absence of such a searchable catalogue, the risk of antiquities theft and loss of cultural property is multiplied enormously because it becomes that much easier for art criminals to manufacture the provenance of a certain artefact.
2.There is also the India Pride Project, a volunteer-network of private individuals interested in protecting Indian antiquities, that has been instrumental in the repatriation of several works of incalculable archaeological and aesthetic value.
3.Related to this are also the questions of how secure these heritage repositories are; whether the public at large can contribute to them or even use them to assist understaffed and underfunded state actors in foiling antiquity thefts.

Has the CBI’s credibility been compromised?:
1.With the public antagonism between the top two officers of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) followed by the outrageous midnight reshuffle done at the behest of a visibly edgy Narendra Modi government, it appears like we are living in a parallel universe.
2.The CBI may be the most infamous casualty, but the Election Commission, the CVC, the Enforcement Directorate, the Income Tax Department and the National Investigation Agency all appear immobilised under an authoritarian regime whose political motivations to subsume institutions of governance are crystal clear.
3.The Supreme Court, in Vineet Narain and Others v. Union of India (1997), apart from passing several orders to uphold the integrity of the CBI, the CVC and the Enforcement Directorate, quashed the Single Directive as unconstitutional.

Always a fine balance:
1.In his book, Advice and Dissent: My Life in Public Service , he explains his understanding of this autonomy under three functions: operational issues, policy matters, and structural reforms.
2.There is a clear reason why, even while it is conceded that control of the nation’s currency should be with an independent authority removed from the sway of elected representatives, the RBI Act has the veto option in the form of Section 7.
3.The Governor has to be conscious of the limits to his autonomy at all times, and the government has to consider the advice coming from Mint Street in all seriousness, as indeed Dr. Reddy and Dr. Subbarao have pointed out.

Doubling women workforce can drive GDP up: NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant:
1.The country would be adding an additional USD 700 billion to its economy if its share of the women workforce increases to 48 per cent from the present 24 per cent, chief executive officer of NITI Aayog Amitabh Kant said Thursday.
2.There is a need to create jobs for women for which their education and nutrition, especially in rural areas and eastern parts of the country, were imperative, he said.
3.The government should take up greenfield infrastructure projects on roads and airports and allow private sector for operations and maintenance, he said.

Government promulgates ordinance to amend Companies law:
1.The Corporate Affairs Ministry, which is implementing the Act, has been looking at ways to promote ease of doing business as well as ensure better compliance levels.
2.The Corporate Affairs Ministry , which is implementing the Act, has been looking at ways to promote ease of doing business as well as ensure better compliance levels.
3.In August, a government-appointed panel suggested various changes to the Act, including restructuring of corporate offences under the companies law and an in-house adjudication mechanism to ensure that courts get more time to deal with serious violations.

President of India to visit Uttarakhand on November 3 and 4:
1.Press Information Bureau Government of IndiaPresident’s Secretariat02-November-2018 16:42 IST
2.President of India to visit Uttarakhand on November 3 and 4 The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, will visit Uttarakhand on November 3 and 4, 2018.
3.On November 3, 2018, the President will inaugurate the first Gyan Kumbh jointly organised by the Higher Education Department of Government of Uttarakhand and the University of Patanjali in Haridwar.

India Surges 23 Ranks in ease of doing Business with port-led Development under Sagarmala Improving ‘Trading Across Border’:
1.As per the World Bank report 2019 on Ease of Doing Business, India has taken a huge leap of 23 ranks from 100 in 2017-18 to 77 in 2018-19 indicating it is continuing its steady shift towards global standards.
2.A series of studies to bench mark the performance of Indian Major Ports with their international counterparts has been undertaken and steps to increase the capacity and productivity to global standards have been initiated.
3.“In order to enhance last mile connectivity, 211 road-rail projects worth Rs 250,907 Crore have been identified under Sagarmala.15 multimodal logistic parks with an investment of Rs3,989 will help in improving efficiency in freight movement under the programme”, the minister added.

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