Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-03

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-03

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Home and beyond: on TDP forming alliance with opposition:
1.Chief Minister and TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu comes after the failed attempt of the TRS to forge a national ‘federal’ front of regional parties in opposition to both the BJP and the Congress.
2.TRS leader and Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekar Rao made some headway in talks with West Bengal Chief Minister and Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee, but an opposition front that did not include the principal opposition party at the national level was bound to be a non-starter.
3.The TDP’s first priority remains retaining A.P., but in Mr. Naidu’s modified understanding of the political situation, this is also tied up with the effort to unseat the BJP at the Centre.

Too faint for comfort? on GST collection:
1.The increase in GST collections comes at a time when the Centre has been unable to control its spending in the run-up to the general election due by next summer.
2.Direct tax collections too have increased over the past few years, reaching an all-time high of ₹10 lakh crore in 2017-18, helping to fund the deficit.
3.The government should continue the effort to make the GST more taxpayer-friendly, bringing down the cost and hassle of compliance, to achieve a sustained rise in collections.

Stepping back: on Merkel’s decision to step down after 2021 and future of politics in Germany:
1.Chancellor Merkel’s decision to stand down as leader of the Christian Democratic Union, after leading it for 18 years, was triggered by its poor showing in recent regional elections.
2.But Ms. Merkel’s announcement to quit politics after the end of her current term merely mirrors her waning influence among the conservatives and in the governing coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
3.The implications for the EU from the unfolding transition in Germany are immense, given Berlin’s leadership role over the decades, alongside Paris, in shaping the course of European integration.

Choked by smog: on air pollution:
1.The National Capital Region is badly hit, as the burning of agricultural residue in Punjab and Haryana is releasing large volumes of smoke containing, among other pollutants, highly damaging fine particulates, or PM2.5.
2.Tens of millions live with ambient air quality that is well short of even the relaxed parameters the country has set for fine particulates, compared with those of the World Health Organisation.
3.The UN Environment Programme’s recent report titled ‘Air Pollution in Asia and the Pacific: Science-Based Solutions’ has sounded a warning, pointing out that only 8% of the population in the countries of the region get to breathe air of acceptable quality.

A judgment and its aftermath:
1.Earlier this year, Rome’s Colosseum was lit in red in support of persecuted Christians, including her, and Pope Francis described Ms. Bibi, alongside a Nigerian woman who was captured by Boko Haram, as “martyrs”.
2.To claim moral leadership, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan attacked hardliners and appealed for calm in a televised address, taking a U-turn from his pre-election rhetoric that had projected him as a defender of the Prophet’s honour and a crusader against blasphemers.
3.The Supreme Court’s decision in the Asia Bibi case is a small step in the right direction but a long journey awaits Pakistan in reversing the cumulative injustice it has meted out to its religious minorities over the decades.

Patel in bronze:
1.Imagine if the ₹2,989 crore spent on the statue was used to, say, fund the rehabilitation of the tribal people and the farmers who are agitating for livelihood and compensation around the Narmada river.
2.Or that vast sum of money was allocated among primary health centres in deeply neglected districts, whether in Odisha, Bihar or Gujarat.
3.If one reads the various proceedings from the Congress Working Committee meetings, one can see what a moderate role he played, bridging the gap between the overarching modernity of Nehru and the rather obstinate attitude of Gandhi.

What’s ‘indifference principle’ in Economics:
1.This refers to the proposition that unless people are special in some way, nothing can make them happier than the next best alternative.
2.So, when they have to choose between two different choices, people prefer one over another until a point when they turn indifferent to both.
3.This happens when the marginal utility that they derive from the initial choice drops gradually until it equals the utility derived from the alternative.

A catalogue of all that’s valuable:
1.This is not to say such a record may or may not exist — but its inaccessibility to the layman, the scholar or the police brings into perspective the larger issue of creating an efficient and comprehensive database of antiquities.
2.In the absence of such a searchable catalogue, the risk of antiquities theft and loss of cultural property is multiplied enormously because it becomes that much easier for art criminals to manufacture the provenance of a certain artefact.
3.Related to this are also the questions of how secure these heritage repositories are; whether the public at large can contribute to them or even use them to assist understaffed and underfunded state actors in foiling antiquity thefts.

Has the CBI’s credibility been compromised?:
1.With the public antagonism between the top two officers of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) followed by the outrageous midnight reshuffle done at the behest of a visibly edgy Narendra Modi government, it appears like we are living in a parallel universe.
2.The CBI may be the most infamous casualty, but the Election Commission, the CVC, the Enforcement Directorate, the Income Tax Department and the National Investigation Agency all appear immobilised under an authoritarian regime whose political motivations to subsume institutions of governance are crystal clear.
3.The Supreme Court, in Vineet Narain and Others v. Union of India (1997), apart from passing several orders to uphold the integrity of the CBI, the CVC and the Enforcement Directorate, quashed the Single Directive as unconstitutional.

How not to choose among allies:
1.In her book Hard Choices , she later recounted her tough battle with the Indian government, as she ran through the reasons India needed to help put pressure on Iran to return to the negotiating table for the six-party talks.
2.Unlike in 2012, the U.S.’s EU allies are now working closely with arch rivals like Russia and China to put a “special payments mechanism”, primarily with a view to supporting trade to Tehran to ensure that the Iranian regime does not walk out of the nuclear deal as well.
3.With trade levels receding, the Iranian regime may well lose interest in the Chabahar option, and focus on its main port of Bandar Abbas instead, derailing India’s grander plans for regional connectivity.

Always a fine balance:
1.In his book, Advice and Dissent: My Life in Public Service , he explains his understanding of this autonomy under three functions: operational issues, policy matters, and structural reforms.
2.There is a clear reason why, even while it is conceded that control of the nation’s currency should be with an independent authority removed from the sway of elected representatives, the RBI Act has the veto option in the form of Section 7.
3.The Governor has to be conscious of the limits to his autonomy at all times, and the government has to consider the advice coming from Mint Street in all seriousness, as indeed Dr. Reddy and Dr. Subbarao have pointed out.

India, other Asian countries benefited from opening up trade: Arvind Panagariya:
1.NEW DELHI: India and several other Asian countries have in the past defied the belief that protectionism is good for developing economies as these nations reaped benefits of opening up trade and lower tariffs, eminent economist Arvind Panagariya said Saturday.
2.Panagariya, who is currently a professor of Indian Political Economy at Columbia University , noted that due to rapid growth, countries like India and China were able to pull out millions of people out of poverty.
3.On the occasion, Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said India’s exports to GDP ratio is 11 per cent, which is too low compare to other emerging economies.

Indo-China border trade through Lipukekh pass stands at over 6 cr this year:
1.PITHORAGARH: Business transactions worth over Rs 6.55 crore took place between India and China this year through the border at Lipukekh pass in Uttarakhand .
2.Border trade between the two countries through the Lipukekh pass conducted for five months from June to October at Taklakot mart in Western Tibet on the Chinese side.
3.According to the trade officer, the Indian traders exported commodities like tea, coffee, jaggery, sugar candy, tobacco products and cosmetics; and imported raw Tibetan wool, readymade garments, shoes and cements bags.

MoU signed between OMCs and CSC SPV for collaboration in LPG Services:
1.Speaking on the Occasion, ShriDharmendraPradhan said that this MoU will help in filling the gaps in reaching the rural and far-flung areas, by appropriate use of the technology and harnessing the enterprising spirit of the people of India.
2.He said that the number of CSCs has increased almost 4 fold in last four and half years, and it is offering a bouquet of services, providing direct benefit to the common man, largely in non-metro areas.
3.· CSCs has supported in conducting session in 100 LPG Panchayats where one hour training and demo given to Ujjawala beneficiaries on safety mode of using gas cylinders and on Refill option.

Zika Virus strain that causes microcephaly not found in Rajasthan:
1.However, the Government is maintaining high vigil of the possibility of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to Zika virus as the strain may mutate in future or some other unknown/host factors may play a role in microcephaly /other birth defects.
2.The State Government has been supplied with IEC material prepared to create awareness about Zika virus disease and its prevention strategies.
3.Symptoms of Zika virus disease are similar to other viral infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache.

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