Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-04

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-04

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Home and beyond: on TDP forming alliance with opposition:
1.Chief Minister and TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu comes after the failed attempt of the TRS to forge a national ‘federal’ front of regional parties in opposition to both the BJP and the Congress.
2.TRS leader and Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekar Rao made some headway in talks with West Bengal Chief Minister and Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee, but an opposition front that did not include the principal opposition party at the national level was bound to be a non-starter.
3.The TDP’s first priority remains retaining A.P., but in Mr. Naidu’s modified understanding of the political situation, this is also tied up with the effort to unseat the BJP at the Centre.

Too faint for comfort? on GST collection:
1.The increase in GST collections comes at a time when the Centre has been unable to control its spending in the run-up to the general election due by next summer.
2.Direct tax collections too have increased over the past few years, reaching an all-time high of ₹10 lakh crore in 2017-18, helping to fund the deficit.
3.The government should continue the effort to make the GST more taxpayer-friendly, bringing down the cost and hassle of compliance, to achieve a sustained rise in collections.

Stepping back: on Merkel’s decision to step down after 2021 and future of politics in Germany:
1.Chancellor Merkel’s decision to stand down as leader of the Christian Democratic Union, after leading it for 18 years, was triggered by its poor showing in recent regional elections.
2.But Ms. Merkel’s announcement to quit politics after the end of her current term merely mirrors her waning influence among the conservatives and in the governing coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
3.The implications for the EU from the unfolding transition in Germany are immense, given Berlin’s leadership role over the decades, alongside Paris, in shaping the course of European integration.

Choked by smog: on air pollution:
1.The National Capital Region is badly hit, as the burning of agricultural residue in Punjab and Haryana is releasing large volumes of smoke containing, among other pollutants, highly damaging fine particulates, or PM2.5.
2.Tens of millions live with ambient air quality that is well short of even the relaxed parameters the country has set for fine particulates, compared with those of the World Health Organisation.
3.The UN Environment Programme’s recent report titled ‘Air Pollution in Asia and the Pacific: Science-Based Solutions’ has sounded a warning, pointing out that only 8% of the population in the countries of the region get to breathe air of acceptable quality.

A judgment and its aftermath:
1.Earlier this year, Rome’s Colosseum was lit in red in support of persecuted Christians, including her, and Pope Francis described Ms. Bibi, alongside a Nigerian woman who was captured by Boko Haram, as “martyrs”.
2.To claim moral leadership, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan attacked hardliners and appealed for calm in a televised address, taking a U-turn from his pre-election rhetoric that had projected him as a defender of the Prophet’s honour and a crusader against blasphemers.
3.The Supreme Court’s decision in the Asia Bibi case is a small step in the right direction but a long journey awaits Pakistan in reversing the cumulative injustice it has meted out to its religious minorities over the decades.

Patel in bronze:
1.Imagine if the ₹2,989 crore spent on the statue was used to, say, fund the rehabilitation of the tribal people and the farmers who are agitating for livelihood and compensation around the Narmada river.
2.Or that vast sum of money was allocated among primary health centres in deeply neglected districts, whether in Odisha, Bihar or Gujarat.
3.If one reads the various proceedings from the Congress Working Committee meetings, one can see what a moderate role he played, bridging the gap between the overarching modernity of Nehru and the rather obstinate attitude of Gandhi.

What’s ‘indifference principle’ in Economics:
1.This refers to the proposition that unless people are special in some way, nothing can make them happier than the next best alternative.
2.So, when they have to choose between two different choices, people prefer one over another until a point when they turn indifferent to both.
3.This happens when the marginal utility that they derive from the initial choice drops gradually until it equals the utility derived from the alternative.

A catalogue of all that’s valuable:
1.In the absence of such a searchable catalogue, the risk of antiquities theft and loss of cultural property is multiplied enormously because it becomes that much easier for art criminals to manufacture the provenance of a certain artefact.
2.There is also the India Pride Project, a volunteer-network of private individuals interested in protecting Indian antiquities, that has been instrumental in the repatriation of several works of incalculable archaeological and aesthetic value.
3.Related to this are also the questions of how secure these heritage repositories are; whether the public at large can contribute to them or even use them to assist understaffed and underfunded state actors in foiling antiquity thefts.

Has the CBI’s credibility been compromised?:
1.With the public antagonism between the top two officers of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) followed by the outrageous midnight reshuffle done at the behest of a visibly edgy Narendra Modi government, it appears like we are living in a parallel universe.
2.The CBI may be the most infamous casualty, but the Election Commission, the CVC, the Enforcement Directorate, the Income Tax Department and the National Investigation Agency all appear immobilised under an authoritarian regime whose political motivations to subsume institutions of governance are crystal clear.
3.The Supreme Court, in Vineet Narain and Others v. Union of India (1997), apart from passing several orders to uphold the integrity of the CBI, the CVC and the Enforcement Directorate, quashed the Single Directive as unconstitutional.

How not to choose among allies:
1.In her book Hard Choices , she later recounted her tough battle with the Indian government, as she ran through the reasons India needed to help put pressure on Iran to return to the negotiating table for the six-party talks.
2.Unlike in 2012, the U.S.’s EU allies are now working closely with arch rivals like Russia and China to put a “special payments mechanism”, primarily with a view to supporting trade to Tehran to ensure that the Iranian regime does not walk out of the nuclear deal as well.
3.With trade levels receding, the Iranian regime may well lose interest in the Chabahar option, and focus on its main port of Bandar Abbas instead, derailing India’s grander plans for regional connectivity.

Always a fine balance:
1.In his book, Advice and Dissent: My Life in Public Service , he explains his understanding of this autonomy under three functions: operational issues, policy matters, and structural reforms.
2.There is a clear reason why, even while it is conceded that control of the nation’s currency should be with an independent authority removed from the sway of elected representatives, the RBI Act has the veto option in the form of Section 7.
3.The Governor has to be conscious of the limits to his autonomy at all times, and the government has to consider the advice coming from Mint Street in all seriousness, as indeed Dr. Reddy and Dr. Subbarao have pointed out.

Finance Ministry likely to finalise capital infusion in PSBs this month:
1.The Finance Ministry is likely to finalise the second round of capital infusion for public sector banks (PSBs) towards the end of this month taking into account the latest quarter’s performance, sources said.
2.In this round of fund infusion, most of the banks would be getting growth capital for expanding their lending, particularly to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
3.Last week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a slew of measures, including loan sanction of up to Rs 1 crore in less than an hour and relaxation in labour and environmental laws for MSMEs to give a boost to the sector, the country’s second-biggest employer.

India to impose anti-dumping duty on uncoated paper import from 3 countries:
1.NEW DELHI: India may impose anti-dumping duty on certain kinds of uncoated paper from Indonesia, Thailand and Singapore for three years to protect interest of domestic companies against cheap shipments.
2.The commerce ministry’s investigation arm directorate general of trade remedies (DGTR) has recommended the duty after establishing in its probe that the dumping of uncoated paper from these countries are having impact on domestic players.
3.The DGAD in its probe has concluded that the product has been exported to India from these countries below their normal values and consequently, the domestic industry has suffered material injury.

Jharakhand to become ODF by by 15th of this month:
1.About ten thousand swachhagrahies, Ganga volunteers, youth organization members, students and people from all walks of the life, where majority participants were women, attended the sammelan.
2.Praising the efforts of Sahibganj district in ghat beautification and other cleanliness initiatives, she told the gathering that in past one year, in Ganga Bank revenue land more than 7.5 lakh trees were planted.
3.Shri Anant Kumar Ojha, MLA from Rajmahal area and Secretary , Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Jharkhand Aradhana Patnaik also spoke at the event.

Two day National Seminar on Entrepreneurship and Business Development in Ayurveda inaugurated at New Delhi:
1.This seminar is being organised by Ministry of AYUSH in association with NITI Aayog at Dr. Ambedkar International centre, New Delhi, with the aim of encouraging entrepreneurs and Ayurveda stakeholders towards businesses opportunities in the sector.
2.He said that in the last four years the Ministry of AYUSH has taken several initiatives to promote Ayurveda industry and striving to link it with Prime Minister Narender Modi’s revolutionary programs like ‘Start up India’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Invest in India’ and ‘Digital India’.
3.Secretary AYUSH vaidya Rajesh Kotecha said that the Ministry has taken up the challenge of increasing the market share of Ayurveda to three fold by the year 2022.

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