Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-05

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-05

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Eyes wide shut: on the unrest in Upper Assam:
1.The killings both symptomise and deepen the fault lines between the Assamese and Bengali communities because of the ongoing exercise to update the National Register of Citizens as well as the Centre’s plan to secure parliamentary passage for the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016.
2.But her Hindu counterpart is the battleground, with ethnic Assamese nativist groups advocating an even-handed approach while the ruling BJP governments in Delhi and Dispur are keen to cast the protective cover of the Citizenship Bill on grounds of persecution in her country of origin.
3.The shrill rhetoric has spilled over to civil society, with calls for a separate State emanating from the Barak valley, and stray instances of Bengali speakers being harassed in Lower Assam towns, including Guwahati.

Mob rule: on Asia Bibi blasphemy case:
1.Instead, Prime Minister Imran Khan’s administration has capitulated to pressure from extremists, who blocked roads in Islamabad for three days, demanding a reversal of Wednesday’s verdict.
2.On Friday, protesters led by Khadim Hussain Rizvi, a firebrand cleric and chairman of the Islamist party, Tehreek-e-Labbaik, decided to end the sit-ins after striking a deal with the government.
3.The country has faced widespread international condemnation ever since about the blasphemy laws, which are perceived as being used to persecute religious minorities.

Within the ambit of humanity: on Kashmir issue:
1.In Paradise at War: A Political History of Kashmir , historian and policy analyst Radha Kumar argues that the challenge for both mainland Indians and Kashmiris is to get their conflicting internal actors on the same page.
2.A delegation of Pakistani MPs in March 2003 bore a message from Pervez Musharraf that his government would no longer aid cross-border infiltration, and would not attempt to prevent or impede Indian counter-insurgency efforts, including border fencing and surveillance.
3.These included a pledge by the seven member states to implement a South Asian Free Trade Agreement by January 2006, alongside a Social Charter to share expertise on development goals.

A litmus test for Trump: on midterm polls:
1.If, as predicted by analysts, Democrats win control of the House, they could impede U.S. President Donald Trump’s ability to get major legislation passed and issue subpoenas to bring him before Congressional investigations into the question of whether the 2016 Trump campaign colluded with Russian operatives to covertly influence the general election.
2.Other polarising issues are Mr. Trump’s successful nomination of Judge Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court after the sexual assault allegations that he faced; immigration, which has the potential to become a flashpoint in the wake of the migrant caravan heading for the U.S.-Mexico border; and the economy (Mr. Trump appears to be riding high on positive job numbers and an upbeat stock market).
3.Depending on how these factors weigh upon voters’ minds, if the prediction of a “blue wave” pans out, this could tip the scales in favour of the Democrats in Congress, and thus impact the policy agenda of the Trump White House considerably.

In psychology, what is illusion of control?:
1.This refers to a form of cognitive bias that causes people to overestimate the extent of their control over external events.
2.The phenomenon is named after a 1975 paper by American psychologist Ellen Langer.
3.The illusion of control is prevalent among gamblers who believe that certain tricks or repeated routines can influence the outcome of bets even though bets are simply chance events influenced mostly just by luck.

The ghosts of laws past: on the application of Section 66A of IT Act:
1.But none of this stopped the police in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, from arresting and detaining 18-year-old Zakir Ali Tyagi in October 2017, for allegedly committing a crime under Section 66A — for posting some comments on Facebook.
2.Thus, if the official text of the IT Act still retains Section 66A, and there is no government notification informing officers about it having been declared unconstitutional, is it really unimaginable to hear about the continued application of this legal zombie?
3.There is a pressing need to move from a system where communication about judicial decisions is at the mercy of initiatives by scrupulous officers, to a method not contingent on human error to the greatest possible extent.

Failing to lead by example: on Kerala and the Sabarimala tension:
1.In a phone-in programme of the Hindi service of the BBC, a senior woman journalist, who knows Kerala socially, said that the verdict is ahead of the times, that it will take one or two more generations for people to accept the entry of women of all ages in the Sabarimala temple.
2.Similarly, if language and literature are taught to train young minds for participation in open-ended dialogue, we can expect education to sustain an ethos where freedom to differ without fear is guaranteed and dissent is tolerated.
3.Looking ahead, Kerala could have sorted out the tenacious points of confusion such as the crucial role of language, both in children’s growth and in enhancing society’s capacity for dialogue.

Formula E CEO rules out race in ‘tax aggressive’ India:
1.India, however, has a solid representation on the Formula E grid through Mahindra Racing who has been competing in the series since the inaugural season in 2014-15.
2.Formula E will be entering its fifth season in December and boasts of presence of auto giants like Audi, Jaguar, Nissan and BMW besides Mahindra.
3.The championship has also been home to many Formula 1 drivers and this season the new additions are Felipe Massa, Pascal Wehrlein and Stoffel Vandoorne.

CCI working on tool to scrutinise tenders for detecting cartels: Sudhir Mital:
1.The Competition Commission is working on a “digital screen-based” system to detect possible cartelisation in public procurement tenders, a senior official said Monday.
2.The fair trade regulator has been working on ways to curb anti-competitive practices across sectors in the marketplace, and public procurement is a key area as it accounts for around 20 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
3.Speaking at a conference on public procurement and competition law here, he said the tool would have capabilities to scrutinise tenders based on several parameters and check for any anti-competitive aspect, he added.

Shri K J Alphons inaugurates Tourist Facilitation and Information Counter at IGI Airport, New Delhi:
1.Alphons, Union Minister for Tourism inaugurated the Tourist Facilitation and Information Counter at Indira Gandhi International Airport New Delhi, today.
2.Opening the facilitation Centre for visitors, which is first of its kind by the Government in IGI airport, the Minister said that this shall be of great help to the tourists visiting the country.
3.The Ministry of Tourism has set-up this Counter with an objective to provide 24×7 information to both domestic and international visitors arriving into IGI Airport, New Delhi.

XVFinance Commission holds productive discussion with Smt.SushmaSwaraj, Minister of External Affairs and other officials:
1.As part of Finance Commission of India’s interactive process with major central ministries, discussions were held today with Minister of External Affairs Smt.
2.Shaktikanta Das, Dr. Anoop Singh, Dr. Ashok Lahiri and Dr. Ramesh Chand was appraised of the broad architecture of the working of the foreign affairs in their detailed presentation.
3.MEA is working on strategic connectivity, shaping choices and balancing interests & creating goodwill by various development projects, humanitarian assistance and aids to friendly countries, innovative diplomatic outreach and partnerships.

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