Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-12

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-12

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Ripples of discord: on gravitational waves:
1.On September 14, 2015, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) made the Nobel prize winning detection of gravitational waves .
2.These waves are ripples in the fabric of space-time, arising from the merger of a pair of black holes in distant space, and their detection had been a long-time pursuit of physics.
3.Since detecting this binary black hole (BBH) merger, the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) has made six such observations.

The Sri Lanka crisis deepens:
1.Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena has dissolved Parliament after it became evident that Mahinda Rajapaksa, who he had appointed Prime Minister two weeks ago, did not enjoy a legislative majority .
2.Sri Lanka has been roiled by political uncertainty ever since lawmakers of Mr. Sirisena’s party withdrew support from the ‘national unity government’ to facilitate Mr. Wickremesinghe’s removal and the swearing-in of Mr. Rajapaksa in his place.
3.However, a provision in the Constitution, introduced through the 19th Amendment by the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe administration in 2015, stipulates that the House cannot be dissolved for four and a half years after a parliamentary election, unless two-thirds of its total membership seeks dissolution through a resolution.

What is ‘degree creep’ in education?:
1.This refers to the increase in the number of degrees required to land a job over time.
2.Jobs that required candidates to hold a Bachelor’s degree some years ago, for instance, might now require a Master’s degree.
3.It is believed that degree creep is the result of an increase in the number of candidates competing for a limited number of jobs.

Can Trump ‘roll back the Persians’?:
1.They worry that the deal, which limits Iran’s nuclear programme in return for the lifting of international sanctions, will make Iran economically more powerful, putting it in a better position to continue its “subversive tactics” in the region.
2.The dilemma that Iran faces is this: it will suffer economically even if European governments stick to the agreement, but if it withdraws from the deal in protest and resumes its nuclear programme, that would only prove the Americans right and unite the West against Tehran.
3.More important, the murder of Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi inside the Kingdom’s consulate in Istanbul has weakened Riyadh diplomatically and thrown a spanner into Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s plan (with American backing) to create an “Arab NATO” to counter Iranian influence.

Protect the little helpers:
1.In 2015, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) found that pollinators lead to huge agricultural economic gains.
2.The decline of moths, bees , butterflies, hoverflies and other pollinators is undeniably linked to human activity: large tracts of natural habitats have been cleared for monoculture cultivation, while the use of pesticides and fertilisers is pushing out nature’s little helpers.
3.In a series of studies at the University of Calcutta, researchers have showed that native Indian bees, when exposed to multiple pesticides, suffer from memory and olfactory impairment, lower response rates, and oxidative stress which damages cells.

‘We should be free’:
1.As cavalrymen they charged through French fields of corn with lances lowered; as marines they sailed the oceans; as engineers they built bridges across rivers in the jungles of Tanzania; as infantrymen they dug trenches in China; as secret agents they stole over the Himalayas into Central Asia; as prisoners of war they lost years of their lives to captivity in Germany, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.
2.They were well-educated and tended to come from the big cities or rich aristocratic families, such as Thakur Amar Singh, a Rajput officer who wrote possibly the longest diary in the English language, covering his war experiences in Europe and elsewhere.
3.I hope the transcripts showing the veterans’ true feelings can finally be made publicly accessible in India, available to all, including families of Indian servicemen remembering their part in the world war of 100 years ago.

Riding the tiger:
1.Bangladesh no longer makes news for mass deaths from famines, cyclones and floods, and is ahead of neighbours India and Pakistan on human development, including life expectancy, maternal and child mortality, rural poverty and food security.
2.While India has snubbed Bangladesh by abstaining on a December 2017 UN Human Rights Council resolution on the Rohingya co-sponsored by Dhaka, Ms. Hasina has been resoundingly silent on the anti-Bangladeshi tirade of the BJP following the release in July this year of the draft of Assam’s National Register of Citizens.
3.As people run for cover, the Awami League holds itself out as the sole custodian of the legacy of the Liberation War and of Sheikh Mujib, with all disagreeable forces and individuals variously tagged as ‘Jamaati’, ‘razakar’ collaborators, Westernised elite, ‘Tagorites’, Pakistani intelligence, and even Mossad operatives.

India to begin mango imports from Malawi this week:
1.“Mangoes from Malawi will be available in Mumbai and Pune this week at about Rs1,500-1,800 a dozen, two months ahead of India’s mango season that begins in January,” said PN Khaire, a veteran fruit trader from Maharashtra.
2.While this is the off season for mangoes in India, insignificant quantities of local varieties are available in some markets, like the Ratnagiri Alphonsos that were sold at Rs 2,000 a dozen a few weeks ago in Mumbai.
3.Indian traders are upbeat about importing mangoes from the African nation as the two countries have different harvest windows.

India emerges as major seed hub in Asia: Study:
1.India has emerged as a major seed hub in Asia as 18 companies out of 24 leading firms evaluated, have invested in breeding and production activities in the country, according to a latest study.
2.”Acsen HyVeg sets an example with the broad choice it provides in seed types and package sizes, while Advanta stands out with its training programs for farmers that cover more countries in the region than any other company,” it added.
3.One of many examples of capacity building in India, comes from Nuziveedu Seeds, which has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Uttar Pradesh government to carry out collaborative extension work on rice and maize production with 40,000 farmers in 25 districts, the statement said.

Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh felicitates architect of Green Revolution,Professor M. S. Swaminathan in Chennai:
1.The Union Agriculture Ministersaid that under the ‘Green Revolution’ programme led by Prof. Swaminathan in 1960s and 80s, wheat and rice seeds with better yields were planted in the farmers’ fields.
2.Under this a sum of Rs 546.15 crore has been released to the states till March 31, 2018& called the government’s decision of implementing the hike in MSP by atleast 1.5 times of all Kharif 2018-19 crops as historic thereby fulfilling the promise made in the budget of 2018-19.
3.Shri Singh expressed hope that under the leadership of Professor Swaminathan, the agriculture and food security will continue to be sustainable in the coming years in India and the government will be successful in doubling the income of farmers within the given target.

Two day Global Cooling Innovation Summit inaugurated in New Delhi today:
1.Inaugurating the Global Cooling Innovation Summit, Union Science & Technology Minister, Dr Harsh Vardhan said, “The increasingly hotter climates make it imperative for the Governments to provide thermal comfort for health and well being of its citizens.
2.Speaking at the inauguration, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, Dr. K. VijayRaghavan said that a unique feature of Global Cooling Prize is that it presents pragmatic models for private sector engagement in clean energy research and development.
3.John Loughhead Vice-Chair, Mission Innovation Steering Committee and Iain Campbell, Senior Fellow at Rocky Mountain Institute also present at the inauguration expressed delight at the launch of the Global Cooling Prize and congratulated the Government of India for its leadership

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