Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-16

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-16

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

Gaza on the brink:
1.The latest violence was triggered by a botched spy operation by Israeli commandos inside Gaza that killed seven Palestinians, including a Hamas military commander.
2.In past wars, Israel inflicted enormous havoc on the enclave’s public infrastructure and caused high human casualties, while in retaliation Hamas fired rockets into Israel’s civilian areas.
3.Israel has also imposed a land, sea and air blockade on the region in a bid to stop Hamas from amassing more weapons and to weaken its hold over the strip.

Another orbit: on GSAT29 launch:
1.The Indian Space Research Organisation has marked a big milestone by successfully testing its heavy-lift launcher while launching an advanced communication satellite.
2.This success sets the stage for trying out variations such as other types of engines, different fuel combinations and higher launch capacity.
3.The GSLV MkIII has not just boosted the satellite into its orbit, but also restored morale at ISRO, which had been dented by the GSAT 6A setback.

What is ‘dumb agent theory’ in economics?:
1.The dumb agent theory has been used in support of the efficient market hypothesis which states that the the prices of securities properly reflect their true underlying value.
2.It has also been applied in the field of prediction markets where the wisdom of the crowd, rather than an individual, is employed to forecast the future to the best possible accuracy level.
3.The idea was first conceptualised by American journalist James Surowiecki.

When judges legislate:
1.As observed in Union of India v. Deoki Nandan Aggarwal (1991), “The power to legislate has not been conferred on the courts.” In Suresh Seth v. Commissioner, Indore Municipal Corporation (2005), the courtobserved: “Under our Constitutional scheme, Parliament and Legislative Assemblies exercise sovereign power to enact laws.” Is judicial discipline being observed?
2.Fourth, in Rajesh Sharma v. The State of Uttar Pradesh (2017), the court felt that Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code was being misused.
3.Finally, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered that no 15-year-old petrol-driven or 10-year-old diesel-driven vehicle will ply in Delhi, and the Supreme Court has directed impounding such vehicles, though neither the NGT nor the Supreme Court are legislative bodies.

2019: Is a grand opposition against the BJP possible?:
1.The churning on the ground among almost all social groups is exerting pressure on the Opposition parties to jettison their minor differences and rally together to protect and safeguard institutions that are currently under attack.
2.If today, the Opposition parties fail to come together, they would be pushing the marginalised communities in India, especially Dalits and minorities who did gain a little ground in society and polity, to lose their meagre but hard-earned benefits from the state.
3.The only solace for these regional parties that are trying to form an anti-BJP alliance is that SP founder Mulayam Singh Yadav is no longer active in politics and RJD president Lalu Prasad is in jail.

Sabarimala, and the quest for equality:
1.On the other hand, it gives meaning to the Constitution’s abstract guarantees.”Would Mr. Tharoor also recommend that the triple talaq pronouncement be rethought if conservative Muslims took to the streets in large numbers?
2.Therefore, the court should respond with care, compassion and empathy for the citizens of India, especially those who are at the receiving end of a discriminative practice, disregarding society’s majoritarian impulses.
3.Esoteric arguments of positive/negative energies and purity are expounded in order to cultivate fear and restrict women — a result of discriminative legends, stories, tales, social rituals, manuscripts and treatises.

Searching for an elusive peace:
1.Coming to power in 2014 after a bitterly contested election, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani moved to improve relations with Pakistan, even calling on then Army Chief, Gen. Raheel Sharif, at the GHQ, to push for reconciliation.
2.Preliminary talks were held in Murree but derailed in July 2015 when Mr. Ghani asked for a supportive audio/video (instead of a written statement) by Taliban leader Mullah Omar and learnt that he had died over two years earlier.
3.U.S. President Donald Trump’s South Asia policy announced last August aimed at breaking the military stalemate by expanding the U.S. and NATO presence, putting Pakistan on notice and strengthening Afghan capabilities has clearly failed, and this is why multiple processes are underway.

Two agencies to be appointed for template on FTA negotiations in future: Suresh Prabhu:
1.Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu Friday said that two independent agencies would be appointed for preparing a template to negotiate free trade agreements (FTAs) in future.
2.Several such pacts are also under negotiations with Australia, New Zealand, European Union, Israel, and proposed 16-member Regional Economic Cooperation Partnership (RCEP).
3.Huge potential exists to boost exports in this region, he said, adding India is trying to work with the neighbouring countries to increase trade.

Government to soon unveil new industrial policy: DIPP Secretary:
1.NEW DELHI: The government will soon unveil a new industrial policy which may include a dedicated chapter on the importance of design, a top official said Friday.
2.”We are also bringing out a new industrial policy soon and we are proposing to include a substantial chapter and paragraphs on the importance of design, and how it should be taken forward,” he said at a CII event here.
3.The DIPP Secretary also said that enforcement of intellectual property rights was being improved through better training of police officers and judiciary.

Women & Child Development Ministry approves 3 Fresh proposals for Expenditure under Nirbhaya Fund:
1.The Empowered Committee of Officers under Nirbhaya Fund, under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Women and Child Development Ministry has today approved the following three major proposals:
2.The Proposal of Ministry of Home Affairs for procurement of forensic kits for sexual assault cases to kick start usage of such kits in States/UTs through TOTs (Training of Trainers), capacity building/training for forensics in sexual assault cases and strengthening of State FSLs under Nirbhaya Fund with a total financial implication of Rs.
3.Also, in-principle approval was given to the proposal, from Ministry of Road Transport and highways, of C-DAC for customisation, deployment and management of state wise vehicle tracking platform for safety and enforcement with AIS 140 specification.

Traffic Separation Scheme for the south-west coast:
1.The proposal has also considered aspects pertaining to the safety of navigation, maritime security and the separation of opposing streams of traffic to reduce incidents of collision in Indian waters.
2.Stakeholder consultations are in progress for establishing the Traffic Separation Scheme – TSS in the south-west coast.
3.The proposed TSS lanes are currently under consideration, and will be located at a distance of about 90 nautical miles west of Mangalore in Karnataka, with the lanes leading in a south-easterly direction to the southernmost tip of India and ending about 40 nautical miles off south of Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.

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