Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-17

Daily Newspaper article’s summary 2018-11-17

Summary of Newspaper artciles from ‘The Hindu’, ‘Economic Times’ and PIB
ARISE IAS: Demystifying UPSC IAS exams

A crippling shortage:
1.The reasons are not difficult to guess: utter tardiness in the process of calling for applications, holding recruitment examinations and declaring the results, and, more significantly, finding the funds to pay and accommodate the newly appointed judges and magistrates.
2.A study released last year by the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy revealed that the recruitment cycle in most States far exceeded the time limit prescribed by the Supreme Court.
3.Subordinate courts perform the most critical judicial functions that affect the life of the common man: conducting trials, settling civil disputes, and implementing the bare bones of the law.

Krishna will sing:
1.Krishna, a leading Carnatic vocalist, has previously commanded a full lawn in Delhi’s chilly season tradition of classical music and dance performances in Nehru Park.
2.The public sector enterprise constituted by an Act of Parliament may have been the target of a sustained attack by trolls, angry with Mr. Krishna for being an outspoken critic of the Narendra Modi government.
3.At the same time, the staggering silence of those higher up — namely, those in political power at the Centre who exercise informal control over public sector enterprises — lends credence to speculation that the AAI may not have acted on its own.

Gaza on the brink:
1.The latest violence was triggered by a botched spy operation by Israeli commandos inside Gaza that killed seven Palestinians, including a Hamas military commander.
2.In past wars, Israel inflicted enormous havoc on the enclave’s public infrastructure and caused high human casualties, while in retaliation Hamas fired rockets into Israel’s civilian areas.
3.Israel has also imposed a land, sea and air blockade on the region in a bid to stop Hamas from amassing more weapons and to weaken its hold over the strip.

Another orbit: on GSAT29 launch:
1.The Indian Space Research Organisation has marked a big milestone by successfully testing its heavy-lift launcher while launching an advanced communication satellite.
2.This success sets the stage for trying out variations such as other types of engines, different fuel combinations and higher launch capacity.
3.The GSLV MkIII has not just boosted the satellite into its orbit, but also restored morale at ISRO, which had been dented by the GSAT 6A setback.

Unnecessary, destabilising and expensive:
1.On November 5, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India’s first indigenous ballistic-missile armed nuclear submarine (SSBN), Arihant, had “successfully completed its first deterrence patrol” and claimed that this “accomplishment” would “always be remembered in our history”.
2.Even though reports suggest that nuclear weapons on Indian SSBNs will be safeguarded by electronic switches, called “permissive action links”, such a setup can dangerously weaken the civilian command-and-control structure, as declassified documents from the Cuban missile crisis show.
3.It is senseless to spend this money on nuclear submarines when thousands of lives are lost each year because the state pleads that it lacks resources for basic health care and nutrition.

What is ‘dumb agent theory’ in economics?:
1.The dumb agent theory has been used in support of the efficient market hypothesis which states that the the prices of securities properly reflect their true underlying value.
2.It has also been applied in the field of prediction markets where the wisdom of the crowd, rather than an individual, is employed to forecast the future to the best possible accuracy level.
3.The idea was first conceptualised by American journalist James Surowiecki.

When judges legislate:
1.As observed in Union of India v. Deoki Nandan Aggarwal (1991), “The power to legislate has not been conferred on the courts.” In Suresh Seth v. Commissioner, Indore Municipal Corporation (2005), the courtobserved: “Under our Constitutional scheme, Parliament and Legislative Assemblies exercise sovereign power to enact laws.” Is judicial discipline being observed?
2.Fourth, in Rajesh Sharma v. The State of Uttar Pradesh (2017), the court felt that Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code was being misused.
3.Finally, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered that no 15-year-old petrol-driven or 10-year-old diesel-driven vehicle will ply in Delhi, and the Supreme Court has directed impounding such vehicles, though neither the NGT nor the Supreme Court are legislative bodies.

2019: Is a grand opposition against the BJP possible?:
1.The churning on the ground among almost all social groups is exerting pressure on the Opposition parties to jettison their minor differences and rally together to protect and safeguard institutions that are currently under attack.
2.If today, the Opposition parties fail to come together, they would be pushing the marginalised communities in India, especially Dalits and minorities who did gain a little ground in society and polity, to lose their meagre but hard-earned benefits from the state.
3.The only solace for these regional parties that are trying to form an anti-BJP alliance is that SP founder Mulayam Singh Yadav is no longer active in politics and RJD president Lalu Prasad is in jail.

Sabarimala, and the quest for equality:
1.On the other hand, it gives meaning to the Constitution’s abstract guarantees.”Would Mr. Tharoor also recommend that the triple talaq pronouncement be rethought if conservative Muslims took to the streets in large numbers?
2.Therefore, the court should respond with care, compassion and empathy for the citizens of India, especially those who are at the receiving end of a discriminative practice, disregarding society’s majoritarian impulses.
3.Esoteric arguments of positive/negative energies and purity are expounded in order to cultivate fear and restrict women — a result of discriminative legends, stories, tales, social rituals, manuscripts and treatises.

Getting the economy back on track:
1.The situation today in the Indian economy is therefore still retrievable and a turnaround can be commenced within three months if the government initiates “real” economic policy changes, as was done in 1991-96 during the tenures of Chandra Shekhar and P.V.
2.Five, the manufacturing sector, especially MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises) which provide the bulk of the employment for the skilled and semi-skilled in the labour force, has been growing at abysmally low rates of between 2% and 5%.
3.Second, India can make rapid economic progress to become a developed country only through a globally competitive economy, which requires assured access to the markets and technological innovations of the U.S. and some of its allies such as Israel.

Searching for an elusive peace:
1.Coming to power in 2014 after a bitterly contested election, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani moved to improve relations with Pakistan, even calling on then Army Chief, Gen. Raheel Sharif, at the GHQ, to push for reconciliation.
2.Preliminary talks were held in Murree but derailed in July 2015 when Mr. Ghani asked for a supportive audio/video (instead of a written statement) by Taliban leader Mullah Omar and learnt that he had died over two years earlier.
3.U.S. President Donald Trump’s South Asia policy announced last August aimed at breaking the military stalemate by expanding the U.S. and NATO presence, putting Pakistan on notice and strengthening Afghan capabilities has clearly failed, and this is why multiple processes are underway.

Finance Secretary Hasmukh Adhia to retire on Nov 30; Arun Jaitley praises his contribution:
1.”My special gratitude to Hon Prime Minister for his guidance and to Shri Arun Jaitley ji for having acknowledged my contribution publicly,” Adhia added.
2.Giving credit to Adhia for implementing GST, Jaitley said, “It was his efforts supported by his team of officers of centre and state governments, which made it possible to hit the deadline of 1st July 2017.
3.During his four-year stint in the Finance Ministry, Adhia spearheaded rollout of the historic Goods and Services Tax (GST) besides implementing a host of laws to unearth black money.

View: A strong government could be bad for Indian economy:
1.A small cohort of northern Europeans and their north American cousins have lost their monopoly on the magic ingredients of wealth creation – free trade, rule of law, property rights and a culture of entrepreneurship.
2.Not all countries have embraced these ingredients in equal measure, but most of the world has at least managed to turn away from the unworkable ideas – usually anchored in leftist utopianism of some sort – that marred the twentieth century.
3.After Independence, instead of embracing a market economy, where supply and demand determine production, India scurried down the rabbit hole of socialism where pointy-headed bureaucrats and their political masters called the shots.

PM condoles loss of lives due to cyclone in Tamil Nadu:
1.PM condoles loss of lives due to cyclone in Tamil Nadu The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has condoled the loss of lives due to cyclone in Tamil Nadu.
2.The Prime Minister said, “My thoughts are with the families of those who lost their lives due to cyclonic conditions in parts of Tamil Nadu.
3.Spoke to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Thiru Edappadi K. Palaniswami regarding the situation arising due to cyclone conditions in the state.

Uma Bharati calls upon villagers on Ganga bank to raise sanitation levels:
1.About eight thousands swachhagrahies, Ganga volunteers, youth organization members, students and people from all walks of life, majority of them women, attended the sammelan.
2.She urged people to participate in SLWM activities, not to litter around and pollute water sources, take care of their waste management, and promote organic farming.
3.She Congratulated the exemplary efforts made by districts and state administration in achieving almost total Sanitation coverage in Uttar Pradesh.

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