India and its neighbours

India and its neighbours

Previous year questions

  1. “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples. (2016)
  2. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples. (2015)
  3. The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. (2013)
  4. The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India? (2013)
  5. Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (2013)
  6. In respect of India — Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (2013)
  7. ‘The situation today is far different to that prevalent fifty years back when the Indus Water treaty was seined.’ Highlight the complexity of the current challenges on both sides of the border in this regard. Do you think that a review of the Treaty is in India’s best interests? (2012)

RAG Topics



  1. Afghan-India Friendship Dam
  2. Indus Waters Treaty
  3. Cause of Baluchistan


  1. Indo-Nepal: Sugauli Treaty , Treaty of peace & friendship
  2. Fishermen issue between India and Sri Lanka
  3. Census in Pakistan


  1. Land boundary agreement between Indian and Bangladesh

Quick bytes

  1. Pakistan’s parity doctrine is rooted in ideology and two nation theory

Practice questions

  1. Pakistan’s decision to launch a national census is crucial for its own development agenda. Comment.

Act East
Previous year questions

  1. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post Cold War international scenario. (2016)

RAG Topics



  1. Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation (BCIM)


  1. ASEAN
  2. India and Vietnam


  1. East Asia Summit
  2. Diplomacy of Buddhism

Quick bytes

  1. The objective of “Act East Policy” is to promote economic cooperation, cultural ties and develop strategic relationship with countries in the Asia-Pacific region through continuous engagement at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels thereby ending the economic isolation of the States of North Eastern Region including Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. Developing new global value chains in partnership with the four least-developed economies of Asean (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV)) is central to economic aspects of Act East Policy.

Previous year questions

  1. With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (2014)
  2. What are India’s stakes in the South China Sea? (2012)
  3. What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. (2013)
  4. Critically examine the security and strategic implications of the so-called string of pearls theory for India. (2011)
  5. Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India has adversely against the settlement of the outstanding border problem? (2012)

RAG Topics



  1. One China Policy
  2. South china sea & tribunal verdict
  3. India’s Three and half issues with China
  4. One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Initiative


  1. China Myanmar Relations


  1. Market Economy Status to China (WTO)


Practice questions

    1. Should India aggressively follow counter-china policy? Analyse the strategic relation between India and china in the fast changing international power politics.
    2. What is the ‘One China’ policy? Should New Delhi recognize ‘One China’ only when Beijing recognizes ‘One India’? Discuss

Indian Ocean
Previous year questions

  1. Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbours. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss. (2015)
  2. Measures taken by the Indian government to combat piracy in the Indian Ocean. (2011)

RAG Topics



  1. Blue economy


  1. Project Mausam


  1. GBIMSTEC Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

Quick bytes

  1. In nutshell, the project Mausam has three-dimensional approach: first, to deepen cultural bonding, second, to ensure maritime security and third, to broaden economic connectivity with nations of the IOR.
  2. The Spice Route refers to revival of old links between 31 countries in Asia and Europe with India, particularly spice-rich Kerala

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