Modern Indian History

Modern Indian History

Good read: A History of India by Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund

Previous year questions

  1. Clarify how mid-eighteenth century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity. (2017)
  2. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat? (2014)
  3. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? (2014)
  4. Trace the salient sequence of events in the popular revolt that took place in February 1946 in the then ‘Royal Indian Navy’ and bring out its significance in the freedom struggle. Do you agree with the view that the sailors who took part in this revolt were some of the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle? (2011)

RAG Topics



  1. Tribal revolts
  2. Social Movements
  3. Indian Renaissance
  4. 1857- First war of independence


  1. Naval Mutiny
  2. Maratha Rule and Decline
  3. The Battle of Plassey
  4. Crisis of colonial order during 1919 & 1939


  1. Battle of Panipat
  2. Anglo-French War

Practice questions

  1. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Marathas emerged a great power in India but they could not succeed in preventing the establishment of British power in India. Examine the causes for the decline of Maratha rule in India.

Previous year questions

  1. How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.(2015)
  2. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.(2013)

RAG Topics



  1. B R Ambedkar (125th Anniversary)
  2. Tipu Sultan
  3. Robert Clive


  1. Cornwallis
  2. Warren Hasting
  3. Lord Wellesley


  1. Lord Dalhousie
  2. Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Previous year questions

  1. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till independence.(2014)

RAG Topics



  1. Dual System
  2. Permanent Settlement
  3. Subsidiary Alliance
  4. British Revenue Policy
  5. Road to responsible governmment


  1. Doctrine of Lapse
  2. Princely States
  3. Famine Policy
  4. Growth of Local self government


  1. Trusteeship theory
  2. Education policy

Practice questions

  1. Examine the policy of subordinate union towards princely states. (Ans: Click here)

The Freedom Struggle -Stages
Previous year questions

  1. Highlight the importance of the new objectives that got added to the vision of Indian Independence since the twenties of the last century. (2017)
  2. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss.(2015)
  3. “The Indian independence movement was a mass-based movement the encompassed various sections of society. It also underwent the process of constant ideological evolution.” Critically examine. (2012)

RAG Topics



  1. Ghadr Movement
  2. Transfer of Power
  3. Khilafat movement


  1. Left movement
  2. Trade Union Movement


  1. Drain of Wealth

The Freedom Struggle – Contributors
Previous year questions

  1. Why did the ‘Moderates’ failed to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century?
  2. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. (2013)
  3. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.(2013)

RAG Topics



  1. Role of press in freedom struggle.
  2. Peasant revolts
  3. Indian Freedom movements outside India


  1. Lal, Bal, Pal (Extremist Group)
  2. Role of Moderates
  3. Subhash Bose & Gandhi
  4. Ambedkar & Gandhi


  1. Women in Freedom struggle
  2. Foreigners in Freedom struggle

Quick bytes

  1. Per the Indian Flag Code, laws that govern the usage of flags in India, khadi is the only material allowed to be used for the flag. If a flying flag is made with any other material, the offense is punishable by law with imprisonment up to three years plus a fine.

Practice questions

  1. Briefly discuss five popular uprisings that laid the foundation for a widespread freedom movement and hastened the end to years of colonial rule.(Ans:Click Here)

Post-independence India
Previous year questions

  1. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”. (2013)
  2. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post-independent India. (2013)
  3. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success. (2013)
  4. Analyze the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement. (2013)
  5. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh. (2013)

RAG Topics



  1. Indus Water Treaty
  2. Operation Shakti
  3. Sardar Vallabhai Patel (Unification of India, White Revolution, Security, Minority rights, Civil services)
  4. Panchsheel
  5. Regional aspira


  1. 1991 BoP crissis
  2. Reorganisation of states
  3. Politics of Planned Development
  4. National Emergency


  1. 1962, 1965, 1971 Wars
  2. Bhoodan Movement
  3. Total revolution
  4. Chipko Movement

Practice questions

  1. Bring out the major differences between the challenges of nation building for eastern and western regions of the country at the time of Independence.
  2. “India could have developed much better if private sector was allowed a free play right from beginning”. Give arguments for or against this proposition.
  3. State the main arguments in the debate that ensued between industrialization and agricultural development at the time of Second Five Year Plan
  4. Trace the events that lead to White Revolution
  5. Evaluate the success of Panchsheel Agreement.
  6. In what way did the imposition of Emergency affect the party system in India? Elaborate your answer with examples.
  7. Regional aspirations of the people of North-East get expressed in movements against outsiders, cultural pride, greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. Comment
  8. Dr B.R Ambedkar may not have been a hero of the war of Indian independence, but he is the hero who built an independent India. Elaborate (Ans: Click Here)

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