Role of Women

Role of Women

Table of contents

  1. Women
  2. Women’s organization

Previous year questions

  1. The women’s questions arose in modern India as a part of the 19th century social reform movement. What are the major issues and debates concerning women in that period? (2017)
  2. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?(2015)
  3. How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India? (2014)
  4. Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India. (2014)
  5. Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments. (2014)
  6. In the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. India has emerged as a hut of commercial surrogacy. What key biological, legal and ethical issues merit consideration while framing the regulation to govern surrogacy in India? (2012)

RAG Topics



  1. The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  2. Surrogacy
  3. Women in workforce
  4. Draft National Policy for Women, 2016
  5. Feminization of poverty
  6. Women and Panchayati Raj
  7. SGD goal 5
  8. Women in armed forces


  1. Feminization of old age
  2. Domestic Violence Act
  3. Gender stereotyping
  4. Maternity benefits for working woman
  5. Beti bachao beti padhao yojana
  6. Women’s reservation bill


  1. Skewed sex ratio
  2. Issues of working women
  3. Gender budgeting

Practice questions

  1. Critically analyse women’s empowerment through Panchayati Raj
  2. The National Sample Survey found that while in 1999-2000, 25.9% of all women worked, by 2011-12 this proportion had dropped to 21.9%. Do you think it is high time to talk of the gender dividend rather than the demographic dividend? Justify
  3. Several expert bodies like the WHO have recommended that 24 weeks of maternity leave is required to protect maternal and child health. However, since the costs of this leave are to be borne by the employer, it may have an adverse impact on job opportunities for women. Critically examine this statement in the light of recent bill passed by government. Suggest measures to reduce the adverse impact.

Women’s organization
Previous year questions

  1. Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment. (2013)
  2. Evaluate the influence of the three important women’s organizations of the early twentieth century in India on the country’s society and polities. To what extent do you think were the social objectives of these organizations constrained by their political objectives? (2011)

RAG Topics



  1. Barriers for women at work
  2. SHG’s and women empowerment
  3. Women entrepreneurship
  4. Swayam Siddha


  1. Protection of women at workplace
  2. Issue of Acid attacks
  3. Beijing plus 20

Practice questions

  1. Women entrepreneurship has been recognised as an important source of economic growth. Discuss the various steps taken by government to increase women entrepreneurship. (Ans:Click here)

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